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Derivative Classification Training

Derivative Classification Training

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Derivative Classification Training

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  1. Derivative Classification Training • Note: All classified markings contained within this presentation are for training purposes only.

  2. Derivative ClassificationOutline • Introduction • Common Terms and Concepts • Derivative Classification Overview • Classification System Overview • Summary • Course Acknowledgement • Quiz Outline

  3. Derivative ClassificationBackground • Presidential Executive Order 13526 “Classified National Security and Controlled Unclassified Information” (29 Dec 09) • Directed a review of policy, to include proposals concerning • Establishment of the National Declassification Center • Effective measures to address the problem of over classification • Increase accountability for classification decisions • Electronic environment considerations • Greater openness and transparency while also affording necessary protection for the Government’s interests • Initial implementation efforts focus on • Ensuring the safeguarding of classified information in a cost-effective and efficient manner • Eliminating redundancy, overlapping, or unnecessary requirements that impede national security interests • Ensuring Government/Industry partnership in the protection of classified information • Holding classification activity to the minimum necessary to protect national security • Promoting declassification and public access to information as soon as national security considerations permit

  4. Derivative classifiers are now required To identify themselves by name and position, or by personal identifier {Insert Example} in a manner that is immediately apparent for each classification action This information must be included in the “Classified By” line and it may be necessary to identify the agency and office of origin To include a complete listing of all source materials used To apply portion markings before the portion it applies to To indicate declassification dates numerically (YYYYMMDD) To use of classified addenda or unclassified versions of documents whenever practicable to facilitate greater information sharing Derivative ClassificationWhat’s New?

  5. Derivative ClassificationNational Industrial Security Program Operating Manual • What is Derivative Classification? • The incorporating, paraphrasing, restating, or generating in new form information that is already classified, and marking the newly developed material consistent with the classification markings that apply to the source information • Includes the classification of information based on classification guidance • Does not include the duplication or reproduction of existing classified information • Who is a Derivative Classifier? • Anyone responsible for applying derivative classification to material Derivative Classification Defined Secret

  6. Derivative Classification Common Terms • Derivative classifiers can create new content from authorized resources in various ways such as • Extraction for incorporation • Occurs when information is taken directly from an authorized classification guidance source and is stated verbatim in a new document • Paraphrasing or restating • Occurs when information is taken from an authorized source and is reworded in a new document • Caution must be used to ensure classification has not changed in the process • Newly generated • Occurs when information is taken from an authorized source and generated in another form or medium (e.g., video, CD, DVD, etc.) Note: The term “document” refers to any physical medium in or which information is recorded or stored (e.g., Printed matter, audiovisual materials, and storage media).

  7. Derivative Classification Common Concepts • Key classification concepts required for correct classification of newly created material • Contained in: Incorporating classified information from existing content into a new document • No additional interpretation or analysis needed to determine classification • Information is clearly identifiable as classified • Revealed by: Incorporating classified information into a new document that is not clearly stated in an authorized source • Additional interpretation or analysis is needed to determine classification • Compilation: Compilation of unclassified information that may be classified if when combined reveals additional associations or relationships (e.g., budget and distribution tables, staffing and equipment allowances, mission and geographic locations) • Explain the basis for the classification by compilation on the front of the document or within the text • Mark each portion individually according to its classified content

  8. Derivative Classification Contained In Examples Properly marked source document (S) The length of the course is two hours. Verbatim (S) The length of the course is two hours. (S) This course is normally two hours in length. Paraphrase/Restate TS S C U X Length of course is two hours (S) The length of the course is two hours.

  9. Derivative Classification Revealed By Examples Properly marked source document Deduce through analysis: 1 hour + 1 hour = 2 hours (S) The first half of the course is one hour and will focus on what derivative classification is. The second half of the course will provide an opportunity to practice derivatively classifying information. (S) The length of the course is two hours. TS S C U X Length of course is two hours

  10. Derivative Classification Compilation Examples Unclassified Report Unclassified Report Classified Report SECRET (U) Investigation Report (U) Table of Contents (U) Introduction 1 (U)*Theater-wide 2 outage report (U) *Theater-wide 4 problem report *Note that the compilation of two or more theater-wide operation reports, outage reports, problem reports, or investigation reports within the same document is classified Secret. SECRET (U) Theater-wide Operation Failure Report (U) Table of Contents (U) Introduction 1 (U) Theater-wide 2 problem report (U) Theater-wide Operation Failure Report (U) Table of Contents (U) Introduction 1 (U) Theater-wide 2 outage report TS S C U X 3.3.2.5 Single theater-wide operation failure report, outage report, report, problem report, or investigation report X 3.3.2.9 Compilation of 2 or more theater-wide operation failure reports, outage reports, problem reports, or investigation reports within the same document • Budget and tables of distribution • Staffing and equipment allowances • Mission and geographic location

  11. Derivative Classification Authorized Sources • Security Classification Guide (SCG) • Lists specific information elements and identifies their: • Classification • Justification • Duration/Downgrading information • Properly marked source document • Existing document which is used to extract, paraphrase, restate, or generate new documents • Department of Defense Contract Security Classification Specification (DD Form 254) • Lists specific contractor information: • Classification level • Access requirements • Performance requirements (e.g., safeguarding, special security requirements, etc.) • References SCG

  12. Derivative Classification Unauthorized Sources • Memory • Never rely on memory because classifications change over time • Unconfirmed source • Never assume that just because someone says it that its accurate • Tradition/Just because • Never make derivative classifications based on historical practices • Media/Internet • Never make assumptions based on what you see on television or the internet Whaddya mean all my classification markings are wrong?!? I marked everything based on memory. Besides it has always been marked this way.

  13. Derivative Classification Seeking Additional Guidance Note: Only the Original Classification Authority can determine classification. • When to seek guidance • Common Issues • Level and/or duration of classification • Special control requirements • Outdated classification guidance • Conflicting sources • Security Classification Guide takes precedence over existing document markings • The Security Services Department provides a variety of guidance resources on its Web Page • Security Procedure • Derivative Classification Web-Based Training Course • DSS Marking Classified Information Guide • Guidance on the Derivative use of X1 through X8 Markings • Marking Guidelines for Classified PowerPoint Presentations • For additional guidance, contact the Sponsor or a Security Representative at ext. XXXX

  14. Derivative Classification OverviewHow the process works 5 4 1 2 3 Analyze the material to be classified Use authorized sources for guidance Seek additional guidance from Security to resolve uncertainty Determine downgrading/ declassification dates Mark new document Note: Derivative classification does not include copying or duplicating existing classified information

  15. Derivative Classification Overview Original vs. Derivative Classification • Original Classification Authority (U.S. Government only) establishes: • Classification guidelines for derivative classified materials • Classification levels applied to original/derivative classified materials • Classification reasons applied to original classified materials • Classification durations and downgrading instructions applied to original/derivative classified materials • Declassification exemptions applied to original/derivative classified materials • Derivative classification (Industry) • Utilized by contractors who incorporate, paraphrase, restate, or newly generate classified information from existing classified material by using the following for derivative classification guidance • Source Document • Security Classification Guide (SCG) • Contract Security Classification Specifications (DD Form 254)

  16. Derivative Classification Overview Derivative Classifier Responsibilities Derivative Classification Defined • Ensure the highest possible standards are applied when derivatively classifying information • Understand derivative classification policies and procedures • Have expertise in the subject matter and always use caution when paraphrasing or restating information • Self identify on derivatively created classified materials • Carry forward instructions for classification and markings from sources, customer instructions, and/or classification guidance • Identify authorized source(s) on the “Derived From” line • Challenge/seek clarification for incorrect/incomplete markings/ instructions on derivative classified materials • Analyze and evaluate information to identify elements that require classification • Never apply classification markings, downgrade classified information, guess/assume classification levels, or provide “subject matter expertise” classification guidance to any source unless authorized by the Original Classification Authority or classification guide Secret

  17. Security Classification System Overview Classified Information Defined • Classified Information, including oral communications, is defined as any information, if improperly disclosed, that could be detrimental to national security • Information that may be classified: • Military plans, weapons, systems or operations • Foreign Government Information • Intelligence Activities • Cryptology • Foreign Relations or Activities of the U.S. • Scientific, Technological, or Economic Matters • Programs for Safeguarding Nuclear material and/or Facilities • Vulnerabilities or Capabilities of Systems, Installations, Projects, or Plans • Weapons of mass destruction • Sensitive unclassified information in the process of a classification determination must be handled as classified

  18. Security Classification System Overview Three Classification Levels • CONFIDENTIAL (C) • Requires PROTECTION, unauthorized disclosure could be expected to cause Damage to our national security • SECRET (S) • Requires a SUBSTANTIAL DEGREE OF PROTECTION, unauthorized disclosure could be expected to cause Serious Damage to our national security • TOP SECRET (TS) • Requires the HIGHEST DEGREE OF PROTECTION, unauthorized disclosure could be expected to cause Exceptionally Grave Damage to our national security NOTE: If there is significant doubt about the appropriate level of classification, contact Security at ext. XXXX for verification.

  19. Classification markings are used in conjunction with any of the following caveats: North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) information Foreign Government Information (FGI) Intelligence Information (NOFORN, ORCON, PROPIN, RELTO (country name)) Critical Nuclear Weapons Design Information (CNWDI) Restricted Data (RD) Formerly Restricted Data (FRD) Communications Security (COMSEC) and CRYPTO Special caveat information requires additional access restrictions and/or handling Consult the Security Classification Guide or If there is any doubt, contact Security at ext. XXXX Security Classification System Overview Special Caveat Categories

  20. Security Classification System Overview Prohibitions and Limitations • In no case shall information be classified, continue to be maintained as classified, or fail to be declassified in order to: • Conceal violations of law, inefficiency, or administrative error; • Prevent embarrassment to a person, organization, or agency; • Restrain competition; or • Prevent or delay the release of information that does not require protection in the interest of national security

  21. Security Classification System Overview Classification Markings Purpose Identify the exact information that requires protection Indicate the level of classification assigned to the information Provide guidance on downgrading and declassification Give information on the source(s), reasons for classification, identify the office of origin and document originator applying the classification marking Provide guidance on information sharing, and warn of special access, control, or safeguarding requirements Assist with investigations into potential or actual compromise SECRET Secretary of Defense 1000 Defense Pentagon Washington, DC 20301 (U) Unclassified For Instructional Use Only 1 December 2012 Sample Classified by: SECDEF Reason: 1.4(c) Downgrade to: CONFIDENTIAL on 20151231 Declassify on: 20180930 Warning notices and release statements as appropriate SECRET Markings by original classification authority

  22. Security Classification System Overview Required Classification Markings The following basic markings must appear on all derivative classified material: Overall classification marking centered on the top and bottom of each page and the front and back of the entire document (Including Dissemination control) SECRET Company Name and Address ABC Corporation 123 Anywhere Street Any Town, MA 12345 Portion Markings (e.g., TS, S, C, U) Unclassified Subject/Title Marking (U) Unclassified For Instructional Use Only 1 December 2012 Date of Creation Sample Contract Number Prime Contract ABC-123-4567-89 • Classification Authority Block • For multiple sources, use a bibliography or reference page Classified by: John Doe, Director (Derivative Classifier Name and position title or personal identifier {Insert Example} Derived from: DoD SCG 128 Downgrade to: CONFIDENTIAL on 20151231 Declassify on: 20180930 Downgrading and Declassification Instructions: Numeric format (YYYYMMDD) must be used Warning Notices Warning notices and release statements as appropriate SECRET Markings for derivative classified material

  23. Security Classification System Overview Marking Internal Pages A note may be made to indicate that all portions are XXXXX unless otherwise marked When a majority of the portions are unclassified, mark the overall classification of the slide, indicate that the majority of the portions are unclassified, and portion mark the classified portions. Sample Sample When a majority of the portions are classified, mark the overall classification of the slide, indicate the classification of the majority of the portions, and portion mark the exceptions.

  24. Security Classification System Overview Derivative Classification Duration • The duration specified on derivative documents must follow the duration specified by the Original Classification Authority (OCA) • The most restrictive declassification instruction (i.e., the one that specifies the longest duration of classification) must be carried forward • If the source document or applicable security classification guide provides no declassification instruction from the OCA, or obsolete or invalid declassification instructions are specified • Derivative classifiers should apply a calculated 25-year duration from the date of the source document • Examples of classification duration include: • A date or event 10 years from origination • A date or event up to 25 years • 25X1 through 25X9, with a date or event • 50X1–HUM (human) or 50X2–WMD (weapons of mass destruction), or Information Security Oversight Office (ISOO)-approved designator reflecting the Interagency Security Classification Appeals Panel (ISCAP) approval for classification beyond 50 years

  25. Security Classification System Overview Declassification • How declassification works at {Insert Company Name} • Once the holder has confirmed that the OCA for the information has not extended the classification period, information may be declassified according to markings on the document or material • Markings shall be uniformly and conspicuously applied or attached to leave no doubt about the declassified status of the information and who authorized the declassification • Only an OCA with jurisdiction over the information may extend the duration of classification for up to 25 years from the date of the origin of the document • Cases where an extension is made, the “Declassify On” line shall • Be revised to include the new declassification instructions • Include the identity of the person authorizing the extension and the date of the action • Reasonable attempts should be made to notify all holders of a classification extension • As appropriate, classification guides shall be updated to reflect such extensions

  26. Security Classification System OverviewDerivative Classification From Multiple Sources • When using multiple sources • The date or event for declassification that corresponds to the longest period of classification from either the SCG or source document shall be carried forward for derivative classification • When derivatively classifying documents from multiple sources • A list of source material carried forward from the source document must be included in or attached to the new document • The multiple sources list must be included with or annotated on the derived document (not just the original file copy). If the document has a bibliography or reference list, this may be used as the sources list. It must be annotated to distinguished as the sources of classification from other references.

  27. Security Classification System OverviewWorking Papers You are responsible for properly tracking, marking, storing and protecting your working papers! SECRET ABC Corporation 123 Anywhere Street Any Town, MA 12345 (U) Unclassified For Instructional Use Only 1 December 2012 SECRET Working Papers Created 3/1/2012 (U) Working Papers must always be annotated with the term “Working Papers” and the date of creation, marked with overall classification, and safeguarded in accordance with overall classification. (S) Once either 180 days (for SECRET) or 30 days (for TOP SECRET) has been reached, or sooner if being released by the originator outside the facility, documents must be accounted for, controlled, and marked in a manner prescribed for a finished document. (C) Individual pieces of related Working Papers, should be fastened together for ease of tracking. (U) If more than one SCG is used in generation, it is a good idea to indicate this on the Working Papers. Sample Working Papers must always be annotated with the term “Working Papers” and the date of creation, marked with overall classification, and safeguarded in accordance with overall classification. Once either 180 days (for SECRET) or 30 days (for TOP SECRET) has been reached, or sooner if being released by the originator outside the facility, documents must be accounted for, controlled, and marked in a manner prescribed for a finished document. Individual pieces of related Working Papers, should be fastened together for ease of tracking. If more than one SCG is used in generation, it is a good idea to indicate this on the Working Papers. Sample Classified by: Name and position title, or personal identifier Derived From: SCG DOD 33, dated 3 March 2004 Declassify on: Source marked X3, date of source 20040303 SECRET SECRET

  28. Security Classification System Overview Marking Media Hardware, software, computers, and equipment must reflect the highest level of classification contained therein. Standard classification markings must be used for all levels of classification. SECRET (U)_____________________________________ SECRET Name and Address of Originating Agency Classified by: Derived from: Declassify on: SECRET The media case must be marked on the FRONT and BACK (Hardware or Equipment Tag) SECRET SECRET

  29. Security Classification System Overview Derivative Classification Challenges • Authorized holders of classified information are encouraged and expected to challenge the information classification if they believe it is improperly classified • To make a challenge the holder of information must have substantial cause to believe that the information has been improperly or unnecessarily classified • If the authorized holder has reason to believe the classification applied to information is inappropriate • Do not alter markings • Contact the Security at ext. XXXX • Security will address the issue with classifier of the source document or material

  30. Security Classification System Overview Derivative Classification Sanctions • Individuals shall be subject to appropriate sanctions if they knowingly, willfully, or negligently: • Disclose classified information to unauthorized persons • Continue the classification of information in violation of government or sponsor guidance (e.g., original classified document, DD 254, Security Classification Guide) • Create or continue a special access program contrary to government or sponsor guidance • Sanctions may include reprimand, suspension without pay, removal, termination of classification authority, loss or denial of access to classified information, or other sanctions in accordance with applicable law and government regulation • For more information see Security Procedure XX

  31. Security Classification System Overview Summary Derivative Classification Principles • Use only authorized sources for classification guidance for all documents, including emails, memos, presentations, etc. • The use of only memory or “general rules” about the classification of broad classes of information is prohibited • Observe and respect the classification determinations made by the Original Classification Authority (OCA) • Identify yourself by name and position title or personal identifier on the classification authority block on the title page of each document where a derivative classification action has been made • Apply standard markings to the derivatively classified material • Take appropriate and reasonable steps to resolve doubts or apparent conflicts about the classification, level of classification, and duration of classification of information • Use caution when paraphrasing or restating information

  32. Derivative Classification Training Course Acknowledgement I have received and understand my security responsibilities as stated in the {Company Name} Derivative Classification training on this date: NAME (PRINTED): ___________________________________________ SIGNATURE: ___________________________________________ DATE: ___________________________________________ DIVISION/GROUP: ___________________________________________ Please return this completed form to the Security Education and Awareness Administrator, Room XXXX.

  33. Optional Quiz • Correct answers are Dark Blue • Note: All classified markings contained within this presentation are for training purposes only.

  34. Multiple ChoiceSelect the best answer Which of the following is not a function of derivative classification? • Creating new classified materials from properly marked, existing classified source materials and marking them accordingly • Making an initial determination that information requires protection against unauthorized disclosure in the interest of national security • The process of extracting, paraphrasing, restating, or generating in a new form, information that is already classified • Carrying forward the correct classification level for classified information used to generate new materials or documents

  35. Multiple ChoiceSelect all that apply Which of the following are authorized sources for derivative classification? • Security Classification Guide (SCG) • National Industrial Security Operating Manual (NISPOM), DoD 5220.22-M • Your level of expertise with the content • Information Security Program Manual, DoDM 5200.01, Volumes 1-4 • A properly marked classified source document • DoD Contract Security Classification Specification, DD Form 254 • The Facility Security Officer

  36. Multiple ChoiceSelect all that apply Which of the following are appropriate reasons why classification markings are placed on derivative classified material? • Identifies the exact information that requires protection and at what classification level • Indicates the historical value of the information being provided • Provides guidance on downgrading and declassification • Gives information on the source(s), reasons for classification, identify the office of origin and document originator applying the classification marking • Provides guidance on information sharing, and warns of special access, control, or safeguarding requirements • Assists with investigations into potential or actual compromise

  37. True/FalseSelect the correct answer The following markings must appear on all derivative classified material: • Overall classification markings (e.g., top and bottom of each page and front and back of the document) • Company Name and Mailing Address • Unclassified Subject/Title Marking • Date of Creation • Portion Markings (e.g., TS, S, C, U) • Contract Number • Classification Authority Block • Downgrading and Declassification Instructions • Warning Notices • True • False

  38. True/FalseSelect the correct answer Photocopying a classified document and marking the photocopy with the same classification is derivative classification. • True • False

  39. True/FalseSelect the correct answer Consulting your Facility Security Officer or his/her representative is always the first step in the derivative classification process. • True • False

  40. True/FalseSelect the correct answer Derivative classifiers are responsible for analyzing and evaluating information to identify elements that require classification. • True • False

  41. True/FalseSelect the correct answer Only government officials may perform derivative classification. • True • False

  42. True/FalseSelect the correct answer Hardware, software, computers, and equipment must reflect the highest level of classification contained therein. • True • False

  43. Multiple ChoiceSelect the best answer After generating classified working papers, within how many days must the material be finalized with the appropriate classification markings? • 1 Day • 30 Days • 90 Days • 180 Days

  44. SCG states: U C S TS Derivative Classification Scenario 1 Intent to hold series of internal planning meetings X Name of exercise is OBSCURE NIMBUS X HAFB is hosting meetings X Exercise dates X SECRET (S) This is to announce the intent to hold a series of internal planning meetings in support of exercise OBSCURE NIMBUS XX, which is being hosted at Hanscom Air Force Base and scheduled to take place from 15-25 March 20XX. The first planning meeting will be held on 14 August 20XX in the Aero Club Hangar. Kellie O’Brien will serve as point of contact. (C) Attendance at this initial planning meeting will be limited to the Hanscom Air Force Base Administration, Operations, training, Maintenance, and Supply department heads. The next meeting will be held at Airman and Family Readiness Center. Attendance will include all department heads, their key personnel, and assigned {Company Name} staff. SECRET Attendance limited to HAFB Administration, Operations, training, Maintenance, and Supply department heads X Future meeting location X Future meeting attendees X Compilation of future meeting attendees and meeting dates X Point of contact’s name X See Reference Material

  45. Multiple ChoiceSelect the best answer Based on Scenario 1, what is the correct portion marking for Paragraph 2 in the derivative document provided below? Unclassified (U) Confidential (C) Secret (S) Top Secret (TS) ( ? ) The planning meeting tomorrow for exercise OBSCURE NIMBUS XX was held on 14 August 20XX. Target audience was present, participative, resourceful, and enthusiastic. The groundwork for this year’s exercise scheduled for 15–25 March 20XX has been positively established and meeting minutes are forwarded as enclosure (1). (__) My point of contact in this matter is Kellie O’Brien. (__) The next planning meeting will be held at the Airman and Family Readiness Center, to continue planning for the exercise.

  46. Multiple ChoiceSelect the best answer Based on Scenario 1, what is the correct portion marking for Paragraph 1 in the derivative document provided below? Unclassified (U) Confidential (C) Secret (S) Top Secret (TS) ( ? ) The planning meeting tomorrow for exercise OBSCURE NIMBUS XX was held on 14 August 20XX. Target audience was present, participative, resourceful, and enthusiastic. The groundwork for this year’s exercise scheduled for 15–25 March 20XX has been positively established and meeting minutes are forwarded as enclosure (1). (__) My point of contact in this matter is Kellie O’Brien. (__) The next planning meeting will be held at the Airman and Family Readiness Center, to continue planning for the exercise.

  47. Multiple ChoiceSelect the best answer Based on Scenario 1, what is the correct portion marking for Paragraph 3 in the derivative document provided below? Unclassified (U) Confidential (C) Secret (S) Top Secret (TS) ( ? ) The planning meeting tomorrow for exercise OBSCURE NIMBUS XX was held on 14 August 20XX. Target audience was present, participative, resourceful, and enthusiastic. The groundwork for this year’s exercise scheduled for 15–25 March 20XX has been positively established and meeting minutes are forwarded as enclosure (1). (__) My point of contact in this matter is Kellie O’Brien. (__) The next planning meeting will be held at the Airman and Family Readiness Center, to continue planning for the exercise.

  48. Multiple ChoiceSelect the best answer Your security classification guide (SCG) and properly marked source document both indicate that the exercise name is classified as Secret. Col. Weilacher, however, tells you that the exercise name has been recently declassified. Which source(s) should you use to derivatively classify the material? • Col. Weilacher • SCG and properly marked source document

  49. Multiple ChoiceSelect the best answer If your security classification guide (SCG) was to say the exercise name is Secret, but your properly marked source document says the exercise name is unclassified. Which source should you use to derivatively classify the material? • Properly marked source document • SCG

  50. SCG states: U C S TS Derivative Classification Scenario 2 In theater arrival dates X Joint exercise name X Joint exercise dates X SECRET (S) Personnel from the 66th Force Support Squadron will be participating in joint exercise EVERLASTING HEADACHE from 17 October to 9 November 20XX. They are scheduled to arrive in theater on 16 October 20XX. (C) Transportation will be provided by the U.S. Air Force, operating AMC flight 8027, a C-337. (U) The fight is scheduled to depart from Hanscom Air Force Base, Massachusetts on 15 October 20XX. Estimated time of departure is 0430. (U) The flight will arrive at Stanislaus Air Force Base, Germany. (U) The participants will be advised of their return itinerary on the last day of the exercise. SECRET X Name of departure Air Force Base Name of arrival Air Force Base X Compilation of departure and arrival Air Force Bases X X Flight number Exercise participants X Compilation of flight number and exercise participants X See Reference Material