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MAYO PowerPoint Presentation

MAYO

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MAYO

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  1. The Unification of Italy MAYO

  2. Italian Nationalist Leaders King Victor Emmanuel II Giuseppi Garibaldi[The “Sword”] Giuseppi Mazzini[The “Heart”] Count Cavour[The “Head”]

  3. Pope Pius IX

  4. Sardinia-Piedmont: The “Magnet”

  5. Romantic Republicans • Secret republican societies meant to unite Italy under liberalism … Carbonari (“charcoal burners”) • 1831 national uprisings failed • Giuseppe Mazzini – took upi the nationalist cause • Led insurrections along with Giuseppe Garibaldi • Guerilla warfare throughout 1850s

  6. Step #1

  7. Count Camillo Cavour • Prime Minister of Piedmont • Used military and secret diplomacy to accomplish what Romantic republicans could not • Strong nationalist, but NOT a republican … he was a monarchist • 1855 sent 10,000 troops from Piedmont to aid French in Crimean War

  8. Piedmont’s role in the Siege of Sevastopol gained respect for Cavour and the ability of Italy to be a unified entity • Napoleon II respected Cavour and piedmont and agreed to an allianc eint he event Austria fought Piedmont • 1859 Austria declared war with Piedmont • Italian / French forces won great victories at Magenta and Solferino

  9. Step #2

  10. Step #3

  11. Italian Unification

  12. The Kingdom of Italy: 1871

  13. German Unification

  14. German Unification

  15. Kaiser Wilhelm I

  16. Chancellor Otto von Bismarck “Blood & Iron”

  17. Unification ofGermany

  18. German Imperial Flag

  19. Kaiser Wilhelm II

  20. “DroppingthePilot” 1890

  21. Kaiser Wilhelm II

  22. Great Britain Russia German Empire Austria-Hungary France Italy

  23. Eastern Europe in the Last Half of the 19c

  24. Differing Nationalities in theAustrian Empire

  25. Austrian Imperial Flag

  26. Russian Expansion

  27. Russian Imperial Flag

  28. Forced Migration of Russia’s Jews

  29. The Ottoman Empire: Late 19c