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This article explores the important factors to consider when designing a kitchen, such as lifestyle needs, efficiency, and different types of kitchen designs. It also covers the concept of the work triangle and the importance of lighting and barrier-free designs.
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Consider Lifestyle • What activities will take place besides cooking? • Eating? • Entertaining? • How much kitchen equipment and food must be stored?
Will more than one person generally work in the kitchen? • What are the needs and preferences of those who will use the space?
Designing for Efficiency The Work Triangle For efficient work flow, the legs of the triangle should total between 12 and 22 feet. Stove Sink Refrigerator
The Work Triangle • The kitchen should be arranged so that people going from one room to another do not pass through the work triangle • There may possibly be more than one work triangle in a kitchen.
Types of Kitchens 1. CLOSED DESIGN: CLOSED IN WITH WALLS OR OTHER STRUCTURES * BENEFITS * QUIETER * LESS INTERRUPTION OF THE WORK TRIANGLE * LESS MESS FROM OTHER AREAS OF THE HOME
2. OPEN DESIGN: OPEN TO ANOTHER AREA OF THE HOME, USUALLY A FAMILY ROOM * BENEFITS * MAKES KITCHEN MORE CONVENIENT TO SUPERVISE * ALLOWS PARTICIPATION IN NEARBY ACTIVITIES * MAKES SMALL HOMES APPEAR LARGER
Basic Kitchen Plans One Wall
Basic Floor Plans continued Corridor
Basic Kitchen Plans continued L-Shaped
Basic Kitchen Plans continued U-Shaped
The Kitchen Environment • Lighting • Good lighting is essential for comfort and safety • Task Lighting: bright, shadow-free light over specific work areas.
Barrier-Free Kitchens • Life-span design:A design approach in which living space is adapted to the needs of people of various ages and degrees of physical ability.