Science and Environment Area of Impact DNA Containment in the U.K. Database Tony Kafity, Mohammed Farsakh, Ahmed Wagdy
UK Citizens • Citizens that had exposed their biological data (DNA) with the scientists in one way or another to be kept in the grand DNA database held by secure authority such as the police. • Citizens don't get consent of their DNA information being shared to random research parties or if to be accessed for immoral purpose. Stake holders If the authority in charge are truly trustworthy then the data after all might be used for the better of the security of the citizens to only use this data when trouble and suspected people's files become matched and reopened. However nothing can promise us that this database will stay only within their influence or containment since now they would not have to make privacy policies on this data as they legally obtained full rights to this data • This leads to breach of privacy and rights, and endangering them in modern science such as in DNA modifications and human cloning
A-Police/Scientists , B-Government/Authority. • A- Knowing this was going to provoke much unease and concern regarding this meaningless way of keeping a large database of every citizen, it was a big risk to take for the sake of the country's safety from criminal activity. • B- Takes over database to find matches and delivers their purpose over the conviction of the suspected civilians for their crimes Stake holders
Information Systems • Wider systems of people, data and activities, using the principle of linked databases, that effectively gather, process, store and manipulate organizations' information. Information Technology system Query Operations: Common Operators and Logical Operators to help refine data search for DN A and using matching processes for finding criminality in the country Linking Databases- Relational Databases - preventing data duplication and promoting data redundancy.
Collection of the Citizen Profile Data • Names • Family Profile Data • DNA Information • Addresses • Matching using Query processes to find suspecting individuals in crime Information technology system
DNA Containment in an Information System • Breach of Privacy • Holding DNA for no reason is seen as discriminatory • Access Concerns • Privacy Protection from Invasion of Security • Which the government is responsible for, in this case it is seen by many that this is not what is being done. Social/Ethical issues Court in England ruled out this violates:
+ • It is not fair to have every innocent citizen's DNA to be kept along with the criminal suspects • If a crime is done, it would justify the keeping of this particular person's record in the database • For adults with clean past records it is very unlikely for that particular individual to carry on dangerous and serious acts of crime. • Otherwise this principle should be followed "when charges are dropped suspect samples are destroyed. No charge, no DNA" Solution This would help retain people's rights in privacy and prevent any sort of potential invasion or unrightfully access to their DNA as part of the database in monitoring from the authority.
- But of course this would not hold matches to any spontaneous individuals who go to crime overnight and would make it harder for police officers to track down ordinary citizens if a crime was committed by them. Solution However this is the expense of having their privacy rights protected, and as a society living through the information age we cannot but tolerate minor exception s and scenarios to come from doing so.
Refer to Key Terms noted in class during this presentation. The following links will help access more on the topic http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/7764069.stm http://www.google.ae/#hl=en&source=hp&biw=1436&bih=666&q=uk+dna+database&rlz=1R2ADSA_enAE417&aq=f&aqi=g10&aql=&oq=&fp=b94d08c65f59a2ba Teacher Feedback- Good Job!