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Chapter Nineteen The Research Report

Chapter Nineteen The Research Report

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Chapter Nineteen The Research Report

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  1. Chapter NineteenThe Research Report Angela Gillis & Winston Jackson Nursing Research: Methods & Interpretation

  2. Research Report • A comprehensive description of the project • Includes a minimum of four major sections: the introduction, methods, results, and discussion

  3. General Orientation • Audience • Style • Type of report - quantitative or qualitative • Avoiding Plagiarism - quotations, paraphrasing, citing secondary sources, references • Avoiding Sexist Language

  4. Organization • Introduction • Review of Literature • Hypotheses and Research Design • Data Collection Procedures • Description of the Sample • Description of Indexes, Measurements • Presenting Basic Results

  5. Summary Tables: Summarizing Univariate Statistics • a. Nominal/ Ordinal Variables Number % • Gender: • Male 82 48.0 • Female 89 52.0 • Status: • Student 26 15.2 • Retired 2 1.2 • Unemployed, looking for work 13 7.6 • Unemployed, not looking for work 4 2.3 • Employed Part-time 19 11.1 • Employed Full-time 107 62.6 • Size of Home Community • Under 5,000 17 9.0 • 5,000 - 19,999 24 12.7 • 20,000 - 99,999 16 8.5 • 100,000 - 999,999 08 57.1 • 1,000,000 or more 24 12.7

  6. Summary TablesSummarizing Mean Values • b. Ratio Variables Mean Standard Number • Deviation of Cases • Age 29.6 14.7 183 • Income $43,257. 16,419. 77 • Seniority 8.87 3.76 104 • Number of Children 1.37 1.06 78

  7. Summary TablesSummarizing Crosstabs Tables • Respondents' Smoking Behaviour by Selected Independent Variables* • Percent N of Cases: Probability • Indendent Variables Smoker Column Total (Chi-Square) Trend • Residence: • On Campus 19.8 101 .93283 ? • Off Campus 20.4 54 • SES of Father: • Low SES 22.2 54 .61304 + • Mid to High SES 18.8 101 • Respondent's Age: • 19 or Younger 19.7 76 .93597 + • 20 or Older 20.3 79 • Level of Self-Esteem: • Low 19.5 77 .87237 - • High 20.5 78 • Home Community: • Under 30,000 17.8 118 .22068 - • 30,000 or More 27.0 37 • Gender: • Male 17.6 68 .51734 + • Female 21.8 87

  8. Summary TablesComparing Mean Values • Table 19.5 Comparing the Means on Grade Performance of Grade 12 students.** • Independent Variables Standard Number Test of • Mean Deviation of Cases Significance Trend • Eats Breakfast: No 68.9 12.7 46 .0003 + • Yes 76.3 10.0 95 • Breakfast Eaten No 69.5 9.9 39 .0049 + • in last 7 days: Yes 75.4 11.5 106 • Lunch Others 73.8 11.7 105 .8412 * • maker: Self 74.3 11.6 29 • Gender: Male 71.4 11.7 85 .0026 + Female 77.2 10.0 58

  9. Qualitative Report • Qualitative researchers are concerned with capturing the essence of phenomenon of concern to nurses with a level of detail that makes the experience come alive for the reader

  10. Guidelines for Qualitative Reports • Tell the essence of the study • Describe the social & historical context • Describe the natural history of the study • Communicate raw data in vignettes, quotes, photos, etc • Articulate conclusions & impact on nursing

  11. Sample Outline Qualitative Report (varies with design) • Abstract • Introduction, statement of topic & purpose • Review of Literature • Methodology - participants,procedure, data analysis • Findings • Discussion