THE NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY MISSION Dr.N.B.SinghAgriculture CommissionerDepartment of Agriculture & CooperationMinistry of AgricultureGovernment of India
Trends of Area, Production and Yield of Foodgrains ( 3 years moving averages) Yield Kg/ha Kg / Ha Production mln. tns Million Tns. / Million Ha Area mln.ha 2005-06
NEED FOOD SECURITY MISSIOIN ? • The growth in food grain production has stagnated during recent past while the consumption need of the growing population is increasing. • To meet the growing foodgrain demand, National Development Council in its 53rd meeting adopted a resolution to enhance the production of rice, wheat and pulses by 10, 8 and 2 million tons respectively by 2011. • The proposed Centrally Sponsored Scheme ‘National Food Security Mission (NFSM) is to operationalize the resolution of NDC and enhance the production of rice, wheat and pulses.
KEY FEATURES OF NFSM • The scheme to be implemented in a mission mode through a farmer centric approach • All the Stakeholders to be actively associated at the District levels for achieving the set goal. • The scheme aims to target the select districts by making available the improved technologies to the farmers through a series of planned interventions. • A close monitoring mechanism proposed to ensure that interventions reach to the targeted beneficiaries.
OBJECTIVES OF THE MISSION • Increasing production of rice, wheat and pulses through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a sustainable manner; • Restoring soil fertility and productivity at individual farm level; • Enhancing farm level economy (i.e. farm profits) to restore confidence of farmers of targeted districts
STRATEGY • 1.Expansion of area of Pulses and Wheat, No expansion of area in rice • Bridging the yield gap between the potential and the present level of productivity through • Acceleration of seed production • Integrated Nutrient Management and Integrated Pest Management • Promotion of new production technologies like hybrid rice, timely planting of wheat and promotion of new improved variety of Pulses • Supply of input ensuring their timely availability • Farmers Training and Visits
STRUCTURE OF MISSION General Council National Food Security Mission Executive Committee State Food Security Mission (autonomous agency) State Food Security Mission Executive Committee District Food Security Mission (autonomous agency) District Food Security Mission Executive Committee
COMPONENTS OF NFSM - RICE • Demonstration of improved technology including hybrid and System of Rice Intensification (SRI) • Incentive for quality seeds of HYVs/hybrids • Popularization of new varieties through seed mini kits • Promotion of micro nutrients, lime and gypsum • Promotion of mechanical weeders and other farm implements • Integrated pest management • Extension, training and mass media campaign • Awards for best performing district in each State. • Assistance for innovative interventions at local level
COMPONENTS OF NFSM - WHEAT • Demonstration of improved Technology • Incentive for quality seeds of HYVs to raise the SRR • Promotion of micronutrient use in deficient areas • Incentive for promotion of application of Gypsum • Popularization of Zero till Machines and rotavator • Providing subsidy on diesel pumpsets and community generators for irrigation • Extension, training and mass media campaign awards for best performing districts • Assistance for innovative interventions at local level
COMPONENTS OF NFSM – PULSES • Increasing seed replacement rate to 25% from present level of 7-8% • Promotion of improved production technologies • Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) • Integrated Pest Management (IPM) • Promotion of micronutrients/gypsum/bio-fertilizers • Promotion of sprinkler irrigation • Pilot Project on tackling the menace of blue bull • Extension, training and mass media campaign • Awards for best performing districts • Pilot project on demonstration ICRISAT Technologies.
FLOW OF FUND • Funds for the Mission’s programmes to be directly released to the State Food Security Mission (SFSM) agency after approval by the National Executive Committee. • State Mission agency would ensure implementation of the programmes, in a time-bound manner and would make available funds to the District level implementing agency in accordance with their approved programmes. • Funds would be released in installments based on progress reports and furnishing of utilization certificates
MONITORING MECHANISM • The NFSM will be monitored by National, State and District Executive Committees • The Project Management Team would be constituted at District, State and national level to assist in the monitoring and implementation of the programme. • Mission Director at National and State level will be assisted by Project Management Team in implementation and monitoring. • The Department of Economics and Statistics to be involved in data collection for monitoring and impact evaluation.
A paradigm shift to focus states / districts with higher yield potential and large yield gaps National Food Security Mission-Rice Districts Covering more than 50,000 ha area under rice The productivity is less than the State average productivity. National Food Security Mission-Wheat Districts with sizeable area under wheat Districts having irrigation to a great extent The productivity is less than national/state average. National Food Security Mission- Pulses The districts selected based on potential for area expansion through inter-cropping / fallow land.
FINANCIAL OUTLAYS During the Eleventh Plan (2007-08 to 2011-12) a fund requirement of Rs. 4882.48 crores is estimated.
District Level Action Plans * The annual action plan to be prepared by District Food Security Mission Executive Committee (DFSMEC) headed by Collector * A baseline survey to be conducted by District agency to record current levels of production. * The annual action plan for the district to be based on potential and available technology. * State level action plan to be prepared based on district level action plan. * DFSMEC to identify new initiative other than approved interventions as per needs and requirement of agroclimatic conditions * For selection of beneficiaries Panchayat Raj institutions to be associated at village level
AREA OF OPERATION NFSM – Rice: Total States:12 Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. Total identified districts: 133 NFSM – Wheat: Total States: 9 Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashta, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. Total identified districts: 138 NFSM – Pulses:Total States:14 Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal Total identified districts:168 Total States under NFSM: 16 Total identified districts under NFSM: 305
Evaluation • Concurrent evaluation will be done every year. The State Department of Economics and Statistics to be responsible for conducting this evaluation • In the 3rd year, a mid-term evaluation at the National Level will be undertaken through an independent agency • An Impact Evaluation Study at the National Level will also be undertaken through an independent agency after the 5th year of implementation • Information communication technology will be used for monitoring and evaluation of the Mission.
Training of Farmers • Location and the list of beneficiaries for Farmers’ Field School to be approved by DSFMEC. • There will be a season long training of the farmers in their fields for a single day in a week. • Demonstration plots/fields of the programme will be used as training points in FFS. • There will be one FFS for every 1000 ha of area. Two Facilitators from SAUs / Government of India and ICAR Institutes, will run each FFS. • The number of farmers will be limited to 30 only for each FFS.
TECHNOLOGY FOR ADOPTION 1. Wheat →Timely planting - State Campaign → Planting through zero till seed drill / normal seed drill → Seed treatment before sowing →Balanced use of fertilizer → Efficient use of irrigation water through sprinklers and light irrigation → Frequent irrigation in case of abrupt rise in temperatures → Replacement of most popular wheat variety PBW 343 with PBW 502, DWR 17, HD 2687, PW D-550 (Punjab)
Pulses • Increase area under pulses either pure crop or intercrop • Campaign for timely planting • Seed treatment for better plant stand • Rice fallow to be targeted for area expansion of pulses Increase area under inter cropping with sugarcane in UP, Mustard in Rajasthan and Wheat in Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Eastern U.P. • Apply micro nutrients with NPK in deficient soils • At least one light irrigation specially in MP, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra and A.P to Gram
PREPAREDNESS FOR RABI : 2007 • 2.6 lakh wheat minikits are ready for dispatch. States need to indicate designated places for delivery • Availability of quality seed to be ensured by State in identified districts • Availability of micro nutrients like zink, boron etc. to be ensured for deficient soils • A massive campaign to be planned for timely sowing and seed treatment through print media / radio / T.V.
The Status of Production and Productivity of Rice and Wheat the two important cereals from 1995-96 to 2006-07
The Status of Production and Productivity of Pulses and Total Foodgrains from 1995-96 to 2006-07
Productivity trends in major wheat growing States in different States
Causes for Low Productivityof Wheat • Delayed sowing in rice-wheat and in cotton-wheat system • Low Seed Replacement Rate (SRR) • Low and imbalanced use of fertilizers / nutrients • Deficiency of micro and secondary nutrients • Soil degradation and loss of fertility & Deceleration of factor productivity • Poor efficiency of irrigation water • Temperature rise during grain formation period
Delayed sowing results in Yield Decline Based on multilocation long term (10 Years) trials of ICAR (DWR Bul. 2004)
Response of *N2 application on Wheat Productivity * Accordingly ratio of Phosphorous and Potash to be added Based on multilocation / year data recorded by ICAR (DWR Bul. 2006)
Lessons learnt about N2 Response in Wheat * After 1990’s N2 application of 150kg / ha has recorded highest yield in entire wheat areas. * 50 % N2 Basal + 50% at the time of first irrigation has given best results * More than two splits of N2 is usually beneficial after application of 50% basal dose * Under Zero tillage also 150 kg N2/ha has recorded highest yield
Region wise Recommended varieties of Wheat *Durum Contd…
Lay out of Demonstration • Demonstration of improved package of practices to be conducted at farmers’ fields • One demonstration on 0.4 ha for every 100 ha area of rice and 50 ha area of wheat will be conducted. • These demonstrations to be collaboratively conducted by the State Department of Agriculture, SAUs, ICAR institutes and KVKs and reputed NGOs. • The selection of site should be decided by DFSMEC in consultation with SAU / KVK • Only high yielding varieties/hybrids, which are not older than 5 years will be used for demonstration. • The seed of such varieties will be supplied by SFCI/NSC/State Seeds Corporations/SAUs/ etc. • The seeds and other critical inputs will be supplied to farmers well in time.
Assistance for purchase of pump sets in Wheat • An assistance of 50% of the cost of the pump sets or Rs.10,000/ per pump set of 5 H.P. per farmer, which ever is less, would be provided under the programme. These pumps must be as prescribed under IS 10804(1994) standard. • The pump sets may be diesel or electric operated. • The assistance for pump sets will be available in the States of Bihar, eastern U.P., Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal, especially in the areas where groundwater table is not in dark or brown category. • A district level committee will be constituted under the chairmanship of District Collector/CEO Zilla Parishad, which will identify the beneficiaries. • For energization of agricultural pump sets, this component will be integrated with the Rajiv Gandhi Gramin Vidyutikaran Yojana.
Assistance Sprinkler Sets for Pulses *It is envisaged to increase irrigation area under pulses from the existing 16% to 21% in the NFSM-Pulses implementing districts during XIth plan period. * The states will compile the district-wise details of sprinkler sets distributed during Xth plan under all schemes. This will help in fixing the bench-marks for monitoring of this component on a yearly basis. * DSFMEC would approve the list of beneficiaries prepared by the District Agriculture Officer in consultation with the Zilla Parishad. * Only those beneficiaries will be selected who have not availed of any similar benefit under with any other scheme being implemented in the district.