English Civil War Unit 1: English Civil War
Question • How did the Civil War end the monarchy? Key Terms: Royalists or cavaliers Roundheads New Model Army Rump Parliament Political Reform
The Road to Civil War 2) Parliament is called by the king in Nov 1640 “Long Parliament” they refuse and begin a plan to get rid of the king. 1) Charles I advised by his right hand man: Lord Strafford, engage in Bishop’s War in 1640 King is left bankrupt. 3) 1641 Parliament begins a series of political reforms to reduce the power of the King charge Strafford with treason and is executed. 4) 1642 Parliament presents Grand Remonstrance: document that shows Charles’ actions as king
The Road to Civil War 6) Angers Parliament and both sides begin to prepare for war. 5) 1642: Charles enters Parliament and attempts to arrest 5 members of Parliament but fails.
Civil War: Support Parliament or the King? Royalists or Cavaliers Roundheads Supported Parliament Local militia: farmers and townspeople. Little experience but had $ By 1645 called the New Model Army: led by Oliver Cromwell • Charles I supporters. • From noble families • Foot soldiers and part of the Royalist Army
Battle of Naseby • Royalists defeated on June 14th 1645. • Charles I fled to Scotland was captured by the Scottish army and handed over to Parliament.
Rump Parliament • After the final battle Parliament was divided: some wanted the King to return with limited powers vs. some wanted to end the monarchy • Many “moderates” left Parliament and Puritans were left Rump Parliament charged the King with treason and put him on trial for his life.
Trial of Charles I • Charles I refused to please guilty or not guilty. • As King how could they legally bring him to trial? • Found guilty and sentenced to death in 1649.