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Safety Training Presentation

Safety Training Presentation

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Safety Training Presentation

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  1. Safety Training Presentation Flammable and Combustible Liquids

  2. Flammable and Combustible Liquids. What’s the Big Deal? • Ignite with explosive force • Burn readily and give off twice the heat as an ordinary combustible fire • Common materials people often take for granted or use carelessly

  3. Goals • Hazards and identification of flammable/combustible liquids • Safe storage, handling, and dispensing • Quiz

  4. Examples of Flammable and Combustible Liquids • Combustible liquids • Oil • Greases and lubricants • Oil-based paints • Flammable liquids • Isopropyl alcohol • Propane • Solvents such as acetone, MEK, paint thinner • Fuels such as gasoline, kerosene • Aerosol cans

  5. Flashpoint • Lowest temperature at which a liquid gives off enough vapors to be ignited • Low Flashpoint = High flammability • Flammable liquids have a flashpoint < 100˚ F • Combustible liquids have a flashpoint > 100˚F

  6. Sources of Ignition • Lit cigarettes • Welding and cutting • Static electricity • Sparks from machinery or combustion engines • Hot surfaces or machinery • Electrical equipment

  7. Health Hazards • Short-term exposure • Inhalation • Skin contact • Eye contact • Ingestion • Long-term exposure • Organ damage or cancer

  8. Identification or Labels • Warning signs • Department of Transportation (DOT) label • Hazardous Material Information System (HMIS) labels • National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) labels • Read the fine print on the labels

  9. MSDS • Storage and handling precautions • Dispensing • Flammability limits • Reactivity hazards • Fire fighting protective equipment and instructions • Hazardous combustion products

  10. Goals • Hazards and identification of flammable/combustible liquids • Safe storage, handling, and dispensing • Quiz

  11. Storage Room Requirements • “No smoking” signs • Ventilated room • Explosion-proof lighting and electrical equipment • Containers bonded and grounded • Secondary containment

  12. Storage Tips • Store in fire-resistant building, rooms, and cabinets • Storage areas marked with warning signs • Keep storage areas free of other combustible materials • Avoid stacking containers • Do not store incompatible materials • Cool area, out of direct sunlight • Maintained distance from electrical panels or furnaces

  13. Maximum Storage Limits • Maximum limit per fire division • 120 gallons in drums • 660 gallons in portable tanks • Storage in approved fire cabinets • 360 gallons • Larger quantities should be stored in approved inside storage rooms

  14. Safe Handling • Use only approved containers to transfer liquids • Keep containers closed when not in use • Label containers properly • Take only the amount needed for the job • Put rags soaked with flammable liquids in approved closed containers • Do not weld or torch empty containers

  15. Electrical Installations • 5 feet in all directions from container must be explosion proof or vapor proof • 10 feet horizontally to 18 inches high must be vapor proof • Pipe trench containing flammable liquids must be explosion proof • Beyond these limits, ordinary electrical equipment

  16. Dispensing Flammable Liquids • Static electricity • Grounded and bonded • Pumps • Spark-proof tools • Safety glasses or goggles • Protective gloves • Protective clothing • Respirator or mechanical ventilation

  17. PPE • Safety glasses or goggles • Protective gloves • Protective clothing • Respirator or mechanical ventilation

  18. First Aid • Fresh air if inhaled • Flush the eyes • Wash skin with soap and water • If ingested, consult a doctor

  19. Fire Response • Extinguishing media • Hazards such as toxic fumes, heat, or explosions • Training • Protective equipment or instructions

  20. Fire Suppression Equipment • Extinguishers • Manual foam or water systems • Sprinkler systems • Inspected regularly

  21. Spill Response • Report the spill • Turn off ignition sources • Evacuate the area • Help clean up only if properly trained

  22. Goals • Hazards and identification of flammable/combustible liquids • Safe storage, handling, and dispensing • Quiz

  23. Summary • Flammable and combustible liquids ignite with explosive force • Review labels and MSDSs • Keep away from ignition sources • Follow proper dispensing procedures • Use only approved containers that are properly labeled

  24. Quiz 1. Flammable liquids have a flashpoint > 100˚F. True or False 2. Describe the type of electrical equipment required in a room for storing or dispensing flammable liquids: __________________________________________ 3. What steps are taken to prevent static buildup when dispensing? ________________________________ 4. Describe a symptom of breathing too many fumes of flammable or combustible liquids: __________________________________________ 5. Oxidizers should not be stored with flammable liquids. True or False

  25. Quiz (cont.) 6. Name a potential source of ignition at your company: __________________________________________ 7. Describe the DOT label for flammable liquids:__________________________________________ 8. What should be done with rags soaked with flammable liquids? __________________________ 9. Keep flammable liquids at least two feet away from normal electrical installations. True or False 10. Name a hazard of fighting a flammable or combustible liquids fire: ______________________

  26. Quiz Answers 1. False. Flammable liquids have a flashpoint < 100˚F. Combustible liquids have a flashpoint greater than or equal to 100˚F. 2. Explosion proof. 3. Bonding and grounding containers. 4. Headache, dizziness, feeling nauseous. 5. True.

  27. Quiz Answers (cont.) 6. Smoking, welding, static, sparks or hot surfaces of machinery, electrical installations. 7. Red with a white flame. 8. Put rags in approved, closed containers. 9. False, at least five feet away. 10. Toxic fumes, heat, explosions.