Scottish Culture Anna Hroudová
Scottish Tartans • nation`s brand • fabric dyed with local plants, mosses and berries and woven into distinctive striped or checked patterns • to identify different families and clans (since 19th century)
The Scottish Kilt • belted plaid – 5 metres long, to cover both the upper and the lower body • outlawed in the 18th century • It is worn for formal celebrations.
The Bagpipes • a bag with a chanter (on which the melody is played) and one or more drones (pipes which play a continuous note) • Not uniquely Scottish • Music – march (military events) - piobaireachd (classical music)
Festivals & Holidays • First footing – 1stJanuary • Burns Night – 25th January • Candlemans Day – 2nd February • St. Valentine`s Day – 14th February • Easter – varible dates • Hunt the Gowk – 1st April • Beltane`s Day – 1st May
Festivals & Holidays • Selkirk Common Riding – 18th June • Halloween – 31st October • Guy Fawkes – 5th November • All Souls Day – 2nd November • St. Andrew`s Day – 30th November • Christmas • Hogmanay – New Year`s Eve
Highland Games • Braemar Gathering • Grandfather Mountain Highland Games
Arbroath Smokie Bannocks (or Oatcakes) Scottish Beef Scotch Broth or Hotch-Potch Black Bun Colcannon Crowdie Scottish Food & Drinks
Scottish Food & Drinks • Forfar Bridies • Haggis • Scottish Salmon • Scotch Pies • Porridge • Stovied Tatties (or Stovies)
Whisky"Never drink whisky with water and never drink water without whisky".“There are probably better cures for a head cold than a hot toddy of whisky - but who cares?“ • `Scotch` • Types – malt - grain - blended • Hot Toddy
St. Andrew • Patron of Scotland • Crucified on the x-shaped cross. • Two legends how st. Andrew became patron of Scotland.
Robert Burns • a poet and a lyricist of 18th century • national poet of Scotland – cultural icon • Wrote in Scots language and in English. • a pioneer of romantic movement • Themes – republicanism, radicalism, patriotism, anticlericalism, class inequalities, atc.
Scottish HumourLachlan`s Laws • "Light travels faster than sound. This is why some people look bright until you hear them speak.„ • "He who laughs last, thinks slowest." • "The things that come to those who wait will be the things left by those who got there first." • "The reason we Scots fight so often among ourselves is that we're always assured of having a worthy opponent."