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Charts and Graphs in the Classroom. Sally Gilstrap Shasta County Office of Education dsgilstrap@shastalink.k12.ca.us W 530.225.0255 H 530.244.4362. Why Charts and Graphs? The Three S’s. State Standards Standardized Testing Students Love it!. Why Charts and Graphs. State Standards

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## Charts and Graphs in the Classroom

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**Charts and Graphs in the Classroom**Sally Gilstrap Shasta County Office of Education dsgilstrap@shastalink.k12.ca.us W 530.225.0255 H 530.244.4362**Why Charts and Graphs?The Three S’s**• State Standards • Standardized Testing • Students Love it!**Why Charts and Graphs**• State Standards • Language Arts: • Grade 2 – 2.7: Interpret information from diagrams, charts, and graphs. • Grade 3 - 1.8: Clarify and enhance oral presentations through the use of appropriate props (e.g., objects, pictures, charts). • Grade 5 - 2.1: Understand how text features (e.g., format, graphics, sequence, diagrams, illustrations, charts, maps) make information accessible and usable. • Grade 8 - 2.3d: Write research reports that organize and display information on charts, maps, and graph…Deliver research presentation… • Grade 9-10 - 2.2d: Write expository compositions, including analytical essays and research reports that include visual aids by employing appropriate technology to organize and record information on charts, maps, and graphs….Deliver expository presentations…**Why Charts and Graphs:State Standards**• Mathematics • Kindergarten – 1.1 Pose information questions, collect data and record the results using objects, pictures and picture graphs. • Grade 1 – 1. Students organize, represent and compare categorical data on simple graphs and charts. • Grade 1 – 1.2 Represent and compare data (e.g., largest, smallest, most often, least often), using pictures, bar graphs, tally charts and picture graphs • Grade 2 – 1.3 Solve addition and subtraction problems using data from simple charts, picture graphs and number sentences. • Grade 2 – 1.2 Represent the same data set in more than one way (e.g., charts and tallies, and bar graphs). • Grade 2 – 1. Students collect, record, organize, display and interpret numerical data on bar graphs and other representations.**Why Charts and Graphs: Mathematics Standards Cont…**• Grade 3 – 2.3 Use a variety of methods such as words, numbers, symbols, charts, graphs, tables, diagrams and models to explain mathematical reasoning. • Grade 3 – 1.3 Summarize and display the results of probability experiments in a clear an organized way (e.g., use a bar graph or a line plot) • Grade 4 – 2. Students use two-dimensional coordinate grids to represent points and graph lines and simple figures. • Grade 4 – 2.1 Draw the points corresponding to linear relationships on graph paper (e.g., draw the first ten points for the equation y=3x and connect them using a straight line.) • Grade 4 – 1.1 Formulate survey questions, systematically collect and represent data on a number line, and coordinate graphs, tables and charts. • Grade 4 – 1.3 Interpret one-and two-variable data graphs to answer questions about a situation. • Grade 4 – 2.3 Use a variety of methods such as words, numbers, symbols, charts, graphs, tables, diagrams and models to explain mathematical reasoning.**Why Charts and Graphs: Mathematics Standards Cont…**• Grade 5 – 1.4: Identify and graph ordered pairs in the four quadrants of the coordinate plane. • Grade 5 – 1.5: Solve problems involving linear functions with integer values, write the equation, and graph the resulting ordered pairs of integers on a grid. • Grade 5 – 1.2: Organize and display single-variable data in appropriate graphs and representations (e.g., histogram, circle graphs) and explain which types of graphs are appropriate for different kinds of data sets. • Grade 5 – 1.4: Identify ordered pairs of data from a graph and interpret the meaning of the data in terms of the situation depicted by the graph. • Grade 5 – 2.3: Use a variety of methods such as words, numbers, symbols, charts, graphs, tables, diagrams and models to explain mathematical reasoning.**Why Charts and Graphs: Mathematics Standards Cont…**• Grade 6 – 1. Students write verbal expressions and sentences as algebraic expressions and equations; they evaluate algebraic expressions, solve simple linear equations and graph and interpret their results. • Grade 6 – 2. Students analyze and use tables, graphs and rules to solve problems involving rates and proportions. • ………………..**Why Charts and Graphs?State Standards…last page!**• Science Standards • Grade 1 – 4b: Record observations and data with pictures, numbers and/or written statements. • Grade 2 – 4e: Construct bar graphs to record data using appropriately labeled axis. Getting the Point ???**Let’s Get Started!**• Open Excel • Basic Navigation • Make a graph • A1 Type: M & M’s • A2 Type: red • A3 Type: blue • Continue…green, brown, orange**M & M Graph**• B2 enter 15 • B3 enter 3 • B4 enter 20 • B5 enter 38 • B6 enter 7**M & M Graph**• Highlight all data…no blank cells • Ready to graph…. • Press F11 and watch! • Makes the Default Graph**Graphing From the Start**• Begin Again • Highlight Data • Click Chart Wizard… • Follow along with directions.

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