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World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water

World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water

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World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water

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  1. World Meteorological OrganizationWorking together in weather, climate and water Addressing climate variability, extremes and natural disasters for LDC development Kaliba Konaré Director Office for LDC Programme and Regional Coordination Pre-conf LDC IV Feb 2011 Kisumo, Kenya WMO

  2. A complementing approach WMO • Climate Change: key challenge • Way it impacts LDC development through • weather and climate extreme events (related hazards) • climate variability • Damages to Society • Action/ Informed decision making • Seamless climate information services for CC Adaptation and reducing vulnerability • CONCLUSION 1

  3. Current Climate Variability Within a year Runoff

  4. Current Climate Variability Across years

  5. Development impact of climate variability

  6. IPCC 4th Assessment: Socio-economic Impacts of Climate-Related Extremes on the Rise ! Hazard intensity and frequency increasing linked to climate variability and change! Vulnerability and exposure on the rise ! Need for Multi-sectoral riskmanagement Energy Transportation Water Resource Management Intensity Strong Wind People Agriculture Urban areas Heavy rainfall / Flood Drought Heatwaves Frequency

  7. Increase of reported natural disasters is weather related

  8. While economic losses are on the way up! Loss of life from hydro-meteorological disasters are decreasing! Source: EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database

  9. Many LDCs are still in post-disaster response COMMUNITIES AT RISK National Government (emergency systems) Local government disasterresponse hazard warning National Technical Services Disasterresponse hazard warning Meteorological Hydrological Geological hazard warning Marine Health (etc.)…

  10. 2 1 3 4 Early Warning Systems Require Coordination Across Many Levels and Agencies National to local disaster risk reduction plans, legislation and coordination mechanisms

  11. There is need for investments in all Components of Early Warning Systems ! 1 National Government DRR coordination mechanisms Local Governmentresponsible for emergency preparedness and response Aligned policies, plans, resources, coordination 4 warnings warnings feedback feedback 3 4 5 5 Community Prepared Capacity Development and Coordinated National Technical Agencies 2 4 Meteorological Hydrological Geological Marine Health, Agricuture (etc.) warnings feedback 5

  12. Need to provide relevant weather, water and climate information and services to Disaster Risk Management programmes. • Science-techno progress: new era for LDCs: - weather forecasts - seasonal to annual climate outlook - Climate change scenarios

  13. Climate information for Disaster Risk Reduction Operation

  14. Meeting the challenges – New PoA for LDCs • As • Assist LDCs to strengthen their National Meteorological and Hydrological Institutions and raise their profile within the government national development framework, including productive capacity in key sectors climate change adaptation and productive capacit • Integrate investment and resources as a complementing , not substituting, support system to climate change adaptation, including NAPA, UNCCD, and to productive capacity in key socio-economic sectors • Develop cooperation between the governments, WMO and other UN agencies, development banks and donors