JOHARI WINDOW Identity: A Sense of Who You Are Knowing Yourself
JOHARI WINDOW • A Johari window is a ‘game’ created by psychologists, Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham in the United States, used to help people better understand themselves and the way they are perceived by others.
JOHARI WINDOW • Our identity is formed both by the information we receive from others about ourselves and by self-knowledge about our feelings, talents, and desires. • Self-disclosure – talking about who we are with others- is one way of recognizing these feelings, talents, and desires, thus gaining a deeper sense of our identity.
Johari Window • Public Self - what we know about self that others also know Blind Self - the side of us that others know but we don’t “see” Private Self - Information we know about self but don’t let others know IV.Unconscious Self - no one knows & neither do we (about self)
IDENTITY - formed both by the information we receive from others about ourselves (i.e., feedback) and by self-knowledge about our feelings, talents, needs and wants. • SELF-DISCLOSURE - talking • about who we are with others; • one way of recognizing these • feelings, talents, needs and wants.
Self-disclosure • When we disclose ourselves to others, Area I (Public Self) begins expanding into Area III (Private Self). Our hidden/ private area therefore shrinks. • When others tell us something about • ourselves that we were not aware of • Area I (Public Self) expands to take • over some of Area II (Blind Self).
Identity • As Area I (Public Self) expands with self-disclosure and feedback, we become less blind to ourselves and less hidden; with Public Self expanding so does our identity.
JOHARI WINDOW • With self-disclosure, area III shrinks. • When other people give us feedback, area II shrinks. • As area I expands, so does our sense of identity.
Autonomy • The healthy ability to shape our own life and actions. • Acting responsibly and shaping our own affairs brings about a more secure sense of identity. • A strong sense of identity and autonomy reinforce each other.
Autonomy is not Independence • Autonomy is different from independence (a state of relying on ourselves and not on others to fill our needs or to get insight). • Autonomous people rely on their own judgment and competencies, but also on others with the sense of give-and-take (interdependence).
Interdependence • To be interdependent means to function well on our own while realizing our need for others and their need for us. • It implies that we rely on others to teach us things and that we teach others as well. • Interdependence builds our sense of identity.
Board of Directors Imagine the people who have been most influential in helping you to become the person you are today. Directions: • On a piece of paper draw a large oval “tabletop” • Sketch 9 chairs (boxes) – one at head • of table + eight others around the table. In head chair box write the name of the person who is most influential in your life.
Board Members • In the eight chair-boxes write the names of the others in your life who have most influenced, guided and supported you. • Under each chair-box, write one word that best describes how that person has guided or helped you.
Chair + Board Members • Inside each chair box (under name) write one of the following ratings to indicate your behavior in relationship to that person: • HD (highly dependent) • SD (somewhat dependent) • SI (somewhat independent) • HI (highly independent) • ID (interdependent)
On back side -- Answer these Qs: • Why did you choose the person you chose as your chairperson? • Describe 3 ways this person is a guide to you and has helped you grow. • What qualities does this person possess that you would like to develop in yourself? • Reflect on 3 others (most significant in your life) and why you chose the rating you did for him/ her.
5. Describe your feelings about separating from any of the persons in your “board” whom you’ll be leaving as you go off to college.
Reflection questions: Who am I? • How do I know who I am? • Is there anyone who knows me better than I know myself? • Who would I be if I were alone on a desert island without the activities and people that are usually a part of my life? • What is an identity crisis? Can such a crisis be avoided? How might it be a positive experience?