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Poetry Introduction

Poetry Introduction

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Poetry Introduction

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  1. Poetry Introduction • “Either write something worth reading or do something worth writing”. • -Benjamin Franklin

  2. Poetry Can Be FUN! http://wordsandtoons.files.wordpress.com/2009/07/poem-promo.jpg

  3. About Poetry • Sometimes poetry has no particular form or rhyme scheme; these types of poems are called free verse poems. • Traditionally, however, poems had a particular format and/ or rhyming pattern. The subject matter and form of a poem may put it in a particular category like ballad, epic, lyric, sonnet, ode, elegy, narrative etc. • A type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form (usually using lines and stanzas)

  4. Types of stanzas • Couplet = a two line stanza • Triplet (Tercet) = a three line stanza • Quatrain = a four line stanza • Quintet = a five line stanza • Sestet (Sextet) = a six line stanza • Septet = a seven line stanza

  5. Give ME a Beat! • The beat created by the sounds of the words in a poem • Rhythm can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration and refrain.

  6. Meter • A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. • Meter occurs when the stressed and unstressed syllables of the words in a poem are arranged in a repeating pattern. • When poets write in meter, they count out the number of stressed (strong) syllables and unstressed (weak) syllables for each line. They they repeat the pattern throughout the poem.

  7. meter cont... • FOOT - unit of meter. • A foot can have two or three syllables. • Usually consists of one stressed and one or more unstressed syllables. • The types of feet are determined by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables.

  8. Types of feet • Iambic - unstressed, stressed • Trochaic - stressed, unstressed • Anapestic - unstressed, unstressed, stressed • Dactylic - stressed, unstressed, unstressed

  9. Types of metric lines • Kinds of Metrical Lines: • monometer = one foot on a line • dimeter = two feet on a line • trimeter = three feet on a line • tetrameter = four feet on a line • pentameter = five feet on a line

  10. Free-verse • Unlike metered poetry, free verse poetry does NOT have any repeating patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables. • Does NOT have to rhyme. • Free verse poetry is very conversational - sounds like someone talking with you. • A more modern type of poetry.

  11. ONOMATOPOEIA • Words that imitate the sound they are naming! • OR sounds that imitate another sound! • Examples: “buzz, pow, fizzle, and sizzle.”

  12. Alliteration: • Consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words • Example: “Hot-hearted Beowulf was bent upon battle.” • Write another example in your notes!

  13. Consonance • Similar to alliteration; however, the repeated consonant sounds can be anywhere in the word. • Example: “silken, sad, uncertain, rustling...”

  14. Assonance • Repeated vowel sounds in a line (or lines) of poetry. • This often creates near rhyme. What is near rhyme? • Example: “Lake....Fate...Base...Fade • Example: “Slow the low gradual moan came in the snowing.”-John Masefield

  15. Refrain • A sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem. • “Quoth the raven, ‘nevermore.”’ http://www.oafe.net/yo/art/mcsimp2rav2.jpg http://afrocityblog.files.wordpress.com/2010/07/raven.jpg