History The Ancient Greek Games • First recorded Olympic Games took place in 776 BC in the town of Olympia. • Running Races was the only sport, but gradually other events were added. • Stopped by a Roman Emperor in 393 AD • Were established as a way for the ancient Greeks to salute their gods. • The original Olympics featured competition in music, oratory, and theater performances as well. The Modern Olympics • Started again in the 19th Century (1896) by a Frenchman named Pierre de Coubertin. • He believed it could contribute to world peace and international friendship. • First modern games held in 1896 in the town of Athens • 1912 women were first allowed to compete • Beginning in 1924 a Winter Olympics was included. • Because of the increasing size of both Olympics, the Winter Games were shifted to a different schedule after 1992.
The Olympic Symbol • Five rings symbolize the populated continents: Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, North America, and South America • It is believed that the colors of the rings – blue, black, and red on top, yellow and green on the bottom – where chosen because at least one of them can be found in the flag of every country in the world. • The linked rings symbolize the coming together of all the people.
Different Types of Games • Olympics Winter Games • Paralympics Winter Games • Olympics Summer Games • Paralympics Summer Games
Vancouver 2010 Olympic Torch Relay • Began on October 22, 2009 with a traditional ritual lighting ceremony in Olympia, Greece (home of the Olympic Flame) • Will then travel by land, air, and water during a 106 – day journey as it visits more than 1,000 communities in Canada. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3p7PeKPxRHA The 2010 Olympic Torch Relay in brief: • Over 100 days in length. • Over 1,000 communities and places of interest where torchbearers will carry the Olympic Flame. • Nearly 200 celebrations hosted by communities in every province and territory. • Approximately 90 per cent of Canada’s population will be within a one-hour drive of experiencing the Olympic Flame. • Over 45,000 kilometers will be travelled. • Extensive tour of the North including a planned visit to Alert, Nunavut, the northernmost permanently inhabited community in the world. • 12,000 people will have the honor of being an Olympic Torchbearer and will help carry the flame to Vancouver, a majority of whom will be selected through public programs.
Vancouver 2010 Olympic Torch Relay View interactive map. http://www.vancouver2010.com/more-2010-information/olympic-torch-relay/olympic-torch-relay-interactive-map/
Theme of the 2010 Olympic and Paralympics Winter Games With Glowing Hearts
Vancouver 2010 Olympic Winter Games * Number of Olympic athletes and officials: 5,500 * Countries participating in Olympic Winter Games: 80+
Vancouver 2010Paralympics Winter Games • Number of Paralympic athletes and officials: 1,350 • Countries participating in Paralympic Winter Games: 40+
Hosting Country – Canada • Second largest country in the world (Russian Federation is the largest) • Ten provinces and three territories (capital cities are in brackets). • Provinces : Alberta (Edmonton), British Columbia (Victoria), Manitoba (Winnipeg), New Brunswick (Fredericton), Newfoundland and Labrador(St. John's), Nova Scotia (Halifax), Ontario (Toronto), Prince Edward Island (Charlottetown), Quebec (Quebec City), Saskatchewan (Regina) • Territories : Yukon (Whitehorse), Nunavut (Iqaluit), Northwest Territories (Yellowknife), • Canada is on the continent of North America • The country stretches from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. • The Arctic Ocean is north and the United States is south. • Canada is north of the 49th parallel of latitude. • The 49th parallel was chosen as a border from the Great Lakes to the west coast.
Opening Ceremony Friday, February 12, 2010