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“Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.” – Mahatma Gandhi

“Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.” – Mahatma Gandhi. First Aid for the USMLE Step 1: The Really Short Version. Tao Le, MD, MHS Assistant Clinical Professor Chief, Section of Allergy & Immunology University of Louisville

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“Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.” – Mahatma Gandhi

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  1. “Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.” – Mahatma Gandhi

  2. First Aid for the USMLE Step 1:The Really Short Version Tao Le, MD, MHSAssistant Clinical ProfessorChief, Section of Allergy & ImmunologyUniversity of Louisville Senior EditorFirst Aid Board SeriesUSMLERx Test Bank Series

  3. Relax.

  4. Overview • USMLE Step 1 – The Basics • Defining Your Goals • Timelines for Study • Approaching Each Subject • Choosing Prep Resources • More Tips • Overview of First Aid/USMLERx • Q&A

  5. USMLE Step 1 - The Basics • 8 hours total • 336 questions in 7 one hour blocks • 48 questions per block • 45 minutes of break time Lunch

  6. Question Types • One-best answer items • Sequential items • A few with multimedia • Clinical vignettes • 65-70% of exam • Multi-step reasoning A 32 year old caucasian woman presents with a 5 day history of occasional double vision and ptosis. The diagnosis is made by...

  7. Scores and Passing Rates • Passing is 188/75 • Mean is 222 • 22 points is 1 SD • Allopathic med students • 95% pass on first try • 99% eventually pass • Osteopathic med students • 77% pass on first try • IMGs • 71% pass on first try

  8. Defining Your Goals • Just pass the exam  200 – 220 • Beat the mean  220 – 240 • Ace the exam  >240 • “ROAD to Riches” • Radiology/Radiation Oncology • Ortho/Ophtho/Otolaryngo/Urology • Anesthesiology • Dermatology

  9. NRMP: Charting Outcomesin the Match

  10. NRMP: Charting Outcomesin the Match

  11. Timeline for Study • The “Just Pass” Schedule – 1 to 2 months • First Aid High Yield Facts • Crammable subjects • Review questions – 1 question bank • The “Gunner” Schedule – 2 to 6 months • In addition to above • Less crammable subjects • More review questions – 2 question banks

  12. Choosing Study Strategies • Structure and characteristics of the subject • Structure and characteristics of your curriculum • Time assigned to a particular subject or system • Your style of learning

  13. Anatomy • Traditional anatomy is low yield • Know anatomy for specific diseases, traumatic injuries, procedures, and common surgeries • Neuroanatomy, embryology, basic cross sectional anatomy is high-yield • Be able to identify structures on X-rays, CTs, MRIs, electron micrographs, and photomicrographs

  14. Behavioral Science • Mix of biostats, psychiatry, psychology, sociology, psychopharmacology • Biostats and epidemiology is very high-yield • Personality disorders • Doctor-patient interactions

  15. Biochemistry • Crammable!! • High yield topics include vitamin deficiencies, diseases of genetic errors, key regulatory enzymes • Understand the “pathobiochemistry” • Be familiar with medically relevant laboratory techniques

  16. Microbiology & Immunology • Crammable!! • 40% bacteriology, 25% immunology, 25% virology, 5% parasitology. So don’t fixate on bacteriology! • Focus on distinguishing characteristics, target organs, method of spread, and diagnosis • Know the immune response, vaccines, immunodeficiency diseases • Know viral structures and genome

  17. Pathology • Huge but important topic • Know hallmark characteristics of each disease including signs and symptoms • Look for clues in age, sex, ethnicity, activity • Know descriptions of “trigger” words • Most questions with gross specimens and photomicrographs can be answered from the history alone

  18. Pharmacology • Crammable!! • Focus on prototypic drugs; forget obscure derivatives, trade names, dosages • Major categories are ANS, CNS, antimicrobial, cardiovascular, and oncology • Mechanisms, clinical uses, and toxicities are high-yield • Review associated biochemistry, physiology and microbiology

  19. Physiology • Concept oriented • Diagrams work well in physiology • Know basic physiologic relationships, hormones • Many clinical vignettes incorporate pathophysiology

  20. Review Resources • Text reviews • Test banks • Self-test reviews • Case-based reviews • Review courses • Other media • Flash cards • CDs/MP3/Videos • PDA

  21. Picking and Choosing Resources • Buy books/resources early • Buy only what you can use • Don’t blindly buy a whole series • Check out the book reviews in First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 (Section 4)

  22. Study Tips • Establish a study schedule and stick with it • Alternate study methods for variety • Save “crammable” subjects for the end • Focus on high yield material and previous learned material • Allow time in schedule for breaks, exercise and personal issues • Stay relaxed and grounded • Use our checklist to keep you on track

  23. CBT Tips • Be very familiar with the CBT tutorial • Know the keyboard shortcuts • Use computerized practice tests in addition to paper exams • Mix Q&A throughout and at end

  24. CBT Practice Options

  25. Test Day Tips • Less coffee on test day • Layered clothing • Read lead in first for long questions • Manage the clock • Light lunch • The “C” reflex • P = MD/DO

  26. Now a word from our sponsor… USMLERx Step 1 Qmax • 3000+ high-yield USMLE Step 1-style questions in FRED v2 format • All new sequential and multimedia questions • Integrated high-yield facts from First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 • Select questions by difficulty level • Accurate USMLE score predictor

  27. Now a word from our sponsor… USMLERx Step 1 Flash Facts • World’s largest Step 1 flash card bank • 10,000+ flash cards covering all the First Aid high-yield facts • Integrated with First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 online • Searchable by organ system, discipline, and topic • Discuss, annotate, and mark your favorite First Aid topics

  28. First Aid Team 2.0 • Visit our blog – www.firstaidteam.com • Download the presentation • Get First Aid/USMLERx updates • Follow us on Twitter – www.twitter.com/firstaidteam • Get quick Q&A’s throughout the day • All referenced to First Aid • Join our Facebook group • Click link on Firstaidteam.com

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