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Overview of Registration Interim Final Rule Implementing the Bioterrorism Act PowerPoint Presentation
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Overview of Registration Interim Final Rule Implementing the Bioterrorism Act

Overview of Registration Interim Final Rule Implementing the Bioterrorism Act

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Overview of Registration Interim Final Rule Implementing the Bioterrorism Act

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  1. Overview of Registration Interim Final Rule Implementing the Bioterrorism Act (68 FR 58894, Oct. 10, 2003) Leslye M. Fraser, Esq. Associate Director for Regulations Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition

  2. FDA Lead Personnel • L. Robert Lake – Senior Manager • (301) 436-2379 or • Leslye M. Fraser – Lead • (301) 436-2378 or • HELP DESK: 800-216-7331 or 301-575-0156 (phone) or or 301-210-0247 (fax) – operational Oct. 16, 2003

  3. Background: FDA’s Regulatory Development Timeline • Feb. 3, 2003: FDA and CBP published proposed rule with a 60 day comment period • FDA received over 350 comments • Oct. 10, 2003: FDA and CBP published interim final rule • Rule takes effect on December 12, 2003 • Registration system operational on Oct. 16, 2003 at 6:00 p.m. EST • Comments due on interim final rule by Dec. 23, 2003 (comment period will reopen in March)

  4. Background: FDA’s Regulatory Development Timeline • Oct. 28, 2003: Public meeting via satellite downlink to domestic and international sites • Transcripts available in English, French & Spanish • Outreach materials will be available on FDA’s website in French, Spanish, Chinese, Japanese, Hindi, Portuguese, Arabic, and Malay:

  5. Regulatory Development Timeline (cont.) • FDA also is developing two additional rules: • Section 306: Establishment and Maintenance of Records • Section 303: Administrative Detention • Goal: by December 12, 2003, publish final rules implementing these two provisions and hold satellite downlink meeting shortly after

  6. Who Must Register? • Owners, operators, or agents in charge of domestic or foreign facilities that manufacture/process, pack,or hold food (subject to FDA’s jurisdiction) for human or animal consumption in the U.S. • Domestic facilities are required to register whether or not food from the facility enters interstate commerce

  7. Who Must Register?(cont.) • Owners, operators, or agents in charge may choose to authorize an individual to register on behalf of the facility • The requirement applies to each covered facility, not to firms or companies as a whole • E.g., company with 10 facilities must register each one separately

  8. U.S. Agent • Foreign facilities are required to have a U.S. agent; can be any “person” that resides or maintains a place of business in the U.S. and is physically present in the U.S. • The U.S. agent acts as a communications link between FDA and the facility for both routine and emergency communications

  9. U.S. Agent (cont.) • FDA will contact a foreign facility’s U.S. agent if an emergency occurs, unless the facility opts to designate a different emergency contact • Having one U.S. agent for registration purposes does not preclude a foreign facility from having multiple agents for other purposes (e.g., sales)

  10. What Food is Subject to FDA’s Jurisdiction? • Definition in sec. 201 (f) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act applies: • i.e., “(1) articles used for food or drink for man or other animals, (2) chewing gum, and (3) articles used for components of any such article.”

  11. What Food is Subject to FDA’s Jurisdiction (cont)? • Except the following are not “food” for purposes of the rule: • Food contact substances, as defined in § 409(h)(6) of the FD&C Act • Pesticides regulated by EPA, as defined in 7 U.S.C. § 136(u)

  12. Examples of FDA-regulated Food Within Scope of the Rule • Dietary supplements and dietary ingredients • Infant formula • Beverages (including alcoholic beverages and bottled water) • Fruits and vegetables • Fish and seafood • Dairy products and shell eggs

  13. Examples of FDA-regulated Food Within Scope of the Rule (cont.) • Raw agricultural commodities for use as food or components of food • Canned and frozen foods • Live food animals • Bakery goods, snack food, candy, and chewing gum • Animal feeds and pet food

  14. Registration Definitions • Facility – an establishment or structure(s) under one ownership at one general physical location, or, in the case of a mobile facility, traveling to multiple locations, that manufactures/processes, packs, or holds food for human or animal consumption in the U.S. • A “facility” may be one food processing plant with multiple buildings in one location

  15. “Facility” Definition(cont.) • A building that has multiple companies at the same address would be considered 2 or more facilities • What is not a facility: • Transport vehicles if they hold food only in the usual course of business as carriers • A private residence of an individual • Non-bottled water drinking water collections and distribution establishments

  16. Definitions (cont.) • Manufacturing/processing • Making a food from one or more ingredients • Synthesizing, preparing, treating, modifying, or manipulating food, including food crops or ingredients • E.g., cutting, peeling, trimming, washing, waxing, bottling, labeling, or packaging

  17. Definitions (cont.) • Packaging – placing food into a container that directly contacts the food that the consumer receives • Packing – placing food into a container other than packaging the food • Holding – storage of food • e.g., warehouses, cold storage facilities, storage silos, grain elevators, liquid storage tanks

  18. What Facilities Are Exempt? • Non-profit establishments • Retailers • Farms • Restaurants • Fishing vessels, except those that engage in processing as defined in FDA’s seafood HACCP regulations (21 CFR 123.3(k)) • Facilities regulated exclusively, throughout the entire facility, by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) (Note: USDA regulates meat products, poultry products, and egg products)

  19. Definitions (cont.) • Non-profit establishment • A charitable entity that prepares or serves food directly to the consumer or otherwise provides food or meals for consumption by humans or animals in the U.S. • e.g., food banks, soup kitchens, and nonprofit food delivery services • Must meet the terms of section 501 (c)(3) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code

  20. Definitions (cont.) • Retail establishment: • An establishment that sells food products directly to consumers as its primary function • An establishment that manufactures/processes, packs, or holds food if the establishment’s primary function is to sell food, including food that it manufactures/ processes, or holds, directly to consumers

  21. Definitions (cont.) • Note: • Businesses are not considered consumers • Primary function is measured by annual sales to consumers, which must be greater than annual sales to non-consumers

  22. Definitions (cont.) • Restaurant – a facility that prepares and sells food directly to consumers for immediate consumption • e.g., cafeterias, cafes, fast food establishments and hospital, nursing home, or day care kitchens; and, by analogy, pet shelters, kennels, and veterinary facilities that provide food directly to animals • Facilities that provide food to interstate conveyances (e.g., trains, planes) are not restaurants

  23. Definitions (cont.) • Farm: a facility in one general physical location devoted to the growing and harvesting of crops for food and/or the raising of animals for food (including seafood) • Washing, trimming outer leaves, and cooling produce are considered part of harvesting when done on a farm • e.g., apple orchards, dairy farms, feedlots, and aquaculture facilities

  24. Farm Definition(cont.) Farm includes a facility that . . . • Packs or holds food if all food is grown or raised on that farm or consumed on that farm or another farm under the same ownership; or • Manufactures/processes food, if all of the food used in such activities is consumed on that farm or another farm under the same ownership

  25. Additional Exemption for Some Foreign Facilities • Foreign facilities that manufacture/ process, pack, or hold food are exempt if a subsequent foreign facility further manufactures/processes (including packages) the food, except • if the subsequent facility performs labeling or any similar activity of a de minimis nature, both foreign facilities must register

  26. Foreign Facilities—Register or Exempt? • Register: • Manufacturing/processing a finished food product • Packing or holding a food product or food ingredient • Exempt: • Manufacturing/processing a food ingredient that is subsequently further manufactured/processed outside the U.S.

  27. “Mixed-Type” Facilities • If an establishment is a combination of a facility subject to the rule and an exempt facility, the facility is required to register • E.g., a farm that grows oranges and manufactures/ processes the oranges into juice for sale to a distributor • A facility is exempt from registering only if all of its activities are included in one or more exemptions • E.g., a farm that sells the orange juice it produces to consumers as its primary function would be exempt under the farm exemption and the retail exemption

  28. Two Types of Information: Mandatory and Optional • All mandatory fields in a registration must be completed, except: • Facilities that select “most/all” for food product categories do not have to identify individual categories on the registration • FDA encourages submission of optional information to assist with communications with the facility

  29. What Information is Required? • Name of facility, full address, phone number • Same information for the parent company, if the facility is a subsidiary • The name, address, and phone number of the owner, operator, or agent in charge • All trade names the facility uses

  30. What Information Is Required?(cont) • Name of U.S. agent and contact information (foreign facilities only) • Emergency contact phone number (domestic facilities only) • Foreign facilities can opt to include this information if they want someone other than their U.S. agent to serve as emergency contact • Food product categories (21 CFR 170.3)

  31. What Information Is Required? (cont) • A statement that the information submitted is true and accurate and that the individual submitting the form, if not the owner, operator, or agent in charge, is authorized to do so. • The submitter, if not the owner, operator, or agent in charge, also must provide the name and contact information of the individual who authorized submission of the form

  32. What Information is Optional? • Fax number and e-mail address of the facility • Preferred mailing address • Type of activity (e.g., manufacturer/processor) • Title, fax number, and e-mail address of the U.S. agent • Type of storage

  33. What Information is Optional? • Additional food product categories (not specified in 21 CFR 170.3) • E.g., dietary supplements, infant formula, animal feed • “Most/all” food product category (instead of mandatory food product categories) • Approximate dates of operation, if seasonal

  34. What Information is Optional? • Fax number and e-mail address of the owner, operator, or agent in charge • Fax number and email address of the owner, operator, or agent in charge • For domestic facilities • Fax & email address of the parent company • Emergency contact name, title, and e-mail address • For foreign facilities • Emergency contact name, title, phone number, and e-mail address

  35. How to Register • FDA strongly encourages electronic registration • Will be available 24 hours/day, 7 days/week worldwide beginning Oct. 16, 2003, at 6:00 p.m. EST • Will not allow registration to be submitted until all mandatory fields completed

  36. How to Register • Will provide automatic receipt of registration and facility’s registration number • Internet access publicly available (e.g., libraries, Internet cafes, copy centers) • Reminder: Authorized individual can register foreign facility (e.g., U.S. agent)

  37. How to Register (cont.) • Paper registrations accepted (for example, if Internet access not reasonably available) • Much slower process (FDA estimates we can process 1,800/day) • Need to ensure form is legible and complete, otherwise delays will occur • FDA will enter the information on the form and assign each facility a registration number in the order the forms are received

  38. Costs and Frequency of Registration • No registration fee • Registration is one-time, not annual

  39. What if Changes Occur? • Updates required within 60 days of change of any mandatory information previously submitted to FDA • FDA encouragestimely updates of optional information previously submitted to assist FDA in keeping its database current in order to respond to emergencies

  40. What Are the Consequences of Failing to Register, if Required? • Failure to register, update, or cancel a registration as required is a prohibited act • FDA can bring civil or criminal action

  41. Consequences of Failure to Register If Required (cont) • If the failure relates to a foreign manufacturer: the food is subject to refusal for failure to provide adequate prior notice (identity of facility is incomplete)

  42. Consequences of Failure to Register If Required (cont) • If refused, food must be held at the port of entry, unless: • CBP concurrence is obtained for export and food immediately exported from the port of arrival under CBP supervision; or • Directed to another location by CBP or FDA • Must notify FDA of hold location • FDA and CBP are not liable for transportation, storage or other expenses resulting from any hold

  43. Consequences of Failure to Register If Required (cont.) • If the failure relates to another facility associated with the food that is not registered: food is subject to hold at the port of entry or other location if directed by FDA or CBP • Food remains under hold until facility is registered and number provided to FDA

  44. How Do I Get a Copy of theFinal Rule(s)? • Or write to: Dockets Management Branch (HFA-305) Food and Drug Administration 5630 Fishers Lane, Room 1061 Rockville, MD USA 20852

  45. For Further Information . . . • For current information on FDA’s efforts under the Bioterrorism Act or to obtain an electronic copy of these slides:

  46. Whom Do I Call? • Questions regarding the electronic or paper registration: • Phone: 800-216-7331 or 301-575-0156 • Fax: 301-210-0247 • E-mail: • Beginning October 16, 2003, hours of operation are Monday-Friday, from 7 a.m. until 11 p.m., Eastern Standard Time.