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  5. Two places to visit in Miaoli county are the Huatao Kiln (華陶窯) and the Kuangsen Village of wood carvers in Sanyi (三義廣聲新城 ). At Huatao, local clay is worked into organic designs and wood-fired. Tours (available only in Chinese) allow visitors to make their own pottery, which is fired and sent to them later. A Hakka lunch is served. An individual ticket costs NT$683 and includes lunch and tax. Group discounts are available. For more information call (037) 743-611 or fax (037) 743-744.

  6. The wood carvers at Sanyi are among Taiwan's best, and mostly use the island's camphor wood. Temple gods, folk scenes, dragons, and even abstract sculptures are turned out in open workshops. •

  7. Hakka handicrafts especially reveal the Hakka stress on simplicity and practicality.

  8. By contrast, most of the Hakka clothing was made of cotton; their designs are straightforward, and the outfits tend to be monochromatic. A thrifty, tight-knit community with a strong work ethic, the clothes of the Hakka people reflect their different lifestyle and traditions.


  10. Introduction • The "Hakkas", whose name means guest people, speak the Hakka dialect. Coming mainly from Fujien, Jianxi and the basins of the East, North and Han rivers in Guangdong, they usually live in or near the hills in Taiwan. The practical and thrifty ways of the Hakkas can be best illustrated by their style of clothing which shows a high degree of simplicity and little adorement.The shanku is the outfit most commonly worn by both men and women. Plain colors, usually blue and black, were usually preferred. •


  12. The Hakka community should help preserve the Hakka culture


  14. (a)    After eating the child left the table 乍看起來,好像是:「吃完那小孩以後…」。有了標點符號之後的句子是: • (b)    Inside the dog was growling乍看起來,好像是:「那隻狗的肚子裡在咆哮」。有了標點符號之後的句子是: • (c)    What do you think I mend for nothing and give you two dollars乍看起來,好像是:「我免費給你補(鞋)之外,還要送你兩塊錢,你以為如何?」。有了標點符號之後的句子是:

  15. (a)    After eating the child left the table 乍看起來,好像是:「吃完那小孩以後…」。有了標點符號之後的句子是:After eating, the child left the table. 「吃完之後,那小孩離開了餐桌」。 • (b)    Inside the dog was growling乍看起來,好像是:「那隻狗的肚子裡在咆哮」。有了標點符號之後的句子是:Inside, the dog was growling. 「門裡面,那隻狗在咆哮」。 • (c)    What do you think I mend for nothing and give you two dollars乍看起來,好像是:「我免費給你補(鞋)之外,還要送你兩塊錢,你以為如何?」。有了標點符號之後的句子是:What! do you think I mend for nothing and give you two dollars?「什麼!你以為我免費給你補(鞋)之外,還給你兩塊錢嗎?」

  16. (a) Happily he died. • 他含笑而終。本句中happily修飾died. • Happily, he died. • (b) No tax will be imposed on foreign fruit trees. • 外國進口之果樹將不徵稅。 • No tax will be imposed on foreign fruit, trees. • (c) Dr. Johnson, our family doctor cannot come today. • 詹生醫師,我們的家庭醫師今天不能來。 • 本句是向詹生醫師傳達一項訊息。 • (d) Dr. Johnson, our family doctor, cannot come today.

  17. 常用的英文標點符號有十二種,它們是: • Apostrophe 上標點(') • Comma 逗號(,) • Colon 冒號(:) • Dash 破折號(--) • Exclamation Point 驚嘆號(!) • Hyphen 連字號(-) • Parentheses 括號( ) • Period 句號(.) • Question Mark 問號C?) • Quotation Marks 引號("…") • Semicolon 分號(;) • Triple Dots 刪節號(…)

  18. 上標點(') • (l)表示字母的省略。Can't you read those road signs? • (2)表示數字的省略。Today is Thursday, June 1, '89. • (3)表示字母的複數。There are five s’s in “sleeplessness.” • (4)表示單字的複數。Our teacher told us not to use so many so’s. • (5)表示數字的複數。Her 7’s and 9’s look alike. • (6)表示所有格。It’s Vice Burn’s umbrella.

  19. 逗號(,) • (1) 用在以and ,but ,for, nor ,or ,so ,yet等連接詞連接的兩個主要子句之間。 • My father is fond of fishing, but my mother prefers hiking. • (2) 在複合句中,如果附屬子句在前,主要子句在後,用在附屬子句之後。 • While I was making a telephone call, someone knocked at my door. • 注意:如果主要子句在前,則不用逗號。 • (3) 用以分開非限制形容詞子句與主要子句。 • Her father, who is a famous scholar, teaches English. • (4) 用以分開非限制同位語。 • Kent Howard, my English teacher, is from America. • (5) 用在yes, no ,well等字之後。 • (a) Yes, he is a hard-working student. • (b) No, it is impossible. • (c) Well, you may go if you insist. • (6) 向人說話時,用在對方名字或稱謂之後,之前或前後。 • (a) John, come here. • (b) Open the door, John. • (c) It is, Sir, not my fault.

  20. (7) 用以分開引用句 • (a) “You are beautiful,” he said. • (b) Our teacher said, “Freedom is not license.” • (c) “No,” she said, “I was just testing your patience.” • (8) 用以分開星期,月日,年份。 • On Sunday, May 28, 1989, her first child was born. • (9) 用以分開地名、省名、國名、街道名、巷弄名等。 • Candy lives at 4 Alley 10, Lane 76, Ching Hua Street, Section 4, Taipei, Taiwan. • (10)用以分開一系列的單字,片語或子句。 • (a) Her mother sells tomatoes, potatoes, and peaches. • (b) She ran up the stairs, across the porch, and into the house. • (c) We all agreed that she was beautiful, that she was intelligent, and that she was ambitious.

  21. (11)用以表示字的省略。 • The lion is the symbol of courage; the lamb, of meekness. (the lamb is the symbol of meekness). • (12)用在such as及especially的前面。 • (a) They enjoy outdoor sports, such as hiking and riding. • (b) He likes all extracurricular activities, especially basketball playing. • (13)用以分開「乃此非彼」的結構。 • He wanted to see Cliff, not Steve. • (14)用在追問句之前。 • It is warm today, isn’t it?

  22. 冒號(:) • (1) 用在解釋或逐項列舉之前(在as follows, the following as these或given below之後)。 • (a) I bought the following articles: sheets, towels, and blankets.