FAUST Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe (yo-han volf-gong fon ger-tah) Taylor Morgan and Lily Morreale
Slight review • Lord and Mephistopheles fight over Faust Mephistopheles wins • Faust and Devil make an agreement • Faust will die when he's completely happy and is a servant to the devil. In exchange he receives infinite knowledge.
Seem weird? That’s because Goethe never intended for Faust to be acted out.
Major Themes • Life vs. Death • Good vs. Evil- God and Devil “I am sorry for men's days of dread and dearth; poor things, my wish to plague ‘em isn’t fervent” (990). ~Mephistopheles • Limits of the Human Race- trying to achieve “infinite knowledge”, only reaches true happiness at death
Romanticism • Contrasted with classic beliefs • Individual over general • Freedom of thought, belief, religion • Nature • Evident emotions
Shakespeare • Influenced not only Goethe, but all Romantic writers • Disregard for classical rules • Comedy and tragedy mix • Rambling settings • Spontaneity “His effect on the Germans was positively explosive” (Brians)
Tragedy or not? • Called tragedy but ends like an epic • Loses his love and child • Salvation at the end epic?
Impact on Germany • Romanticism led to nationalism • German folkloric songs inspire musicians • New German words • “des Pudels Kern”- the real or deeper meaning of something • “Gretchenfrage”- a question that is trying to get to the core of the issue, usually one that is difficult to answer
Impact on Others • Theory of Colors- studied color relationships and human reaction to color • Led to much scientific research • Also helped and inspired artists such as Kadinsky and Modrian
Time period influence • Transition from classicism to romanticism
http://www.wsu.edu/~brians/hum_303/romanticism.html • http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/english/melani/cs6/rom.html • http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/goethe.htm • http://www.cs.brown.edu/courses/cs092/VA10/HTML/GoethesTriangleExplanation.html • http://www.iuj.ac.jp/media/stokes/goethe.htm • http://www.poetrymagic.co.uk/poets/goethe.html