Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists Ratification of the Constitution
Ratification • In order for the Constitution to be ratified (approved) and thus become the new government, 9 of the 13 states would have to approve it • Two sides developed… • Those in favor of the new Constitution (the Federalists) • Those against the new Constitution (the Anti-Federalists)
Federalists • Favored a strong central government • Supporters included… • Alexander Hamilton • James Madison • John Jay
The Federalist Papers • A series of 85 essays • Written by Hamilton, Madison and Jay • Authors hopes to… • Influence the vote in favor of ratification of the new constitution • Shape future interpretation of the Constitution.
The Federalist Papers • The new government should… • Provide for the common defense • Control trade between states and other nations • Have separation of powers • Be organized based on federalism • Duel system of state and national governments • Be organized as a republic • A representative democracy where citizens elect their governing officials
Anti-Federalists • Feared the new government would be too strong • Feared the federal government would have too much control over the states • The best government is small and close to the people • Worried the Constitution had no bill of rights to protect individual citizens
Ratification • The Constitution was finally ratified! • Ratification was announced on July 2, 1788