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PREVENTING DRUG ABUSE. http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=9m-iepxgceo. Drugs. Drugs: Is a chemical substance that is taken to cause changes in a person’s body or behavior Often gives the feeling of EUPHORIA: Pleasure. Over the C ounter D rugs.
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PREVENTING DRUG ABUSE http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9m-iepxgceo
Drugs • Drugs: Is a chemical substance that is taken to cause changes in a person’s body or behavior • Often gives the feeling of EUPHORIA: Pleasure
Over the Counter Drugs Medicine that is sold legally in stores without a doctor’s prescription
Prescription Drugs A drug that you can only get with a doctor’s prescription and can be purchased from a pharmacy
Illegal Drugs • A chemical substance that people of any age can not make, posesses , buy, or sell • Also known as “street drugs”
Drug Misuse • Improper use of medicines either prescription or over-the-counter drugs • Taking more then prescribed • Taking drugs with the wrong foods or the wrong time of day
Drug Abuse • Drug is intentionally used improperly or unsafely • Taking to much medicine to get the feeling of being “high” • Any use of illegal drugs
Drug Abuse and the Brain • Psychoactive drugs typically create a pleasurable feeling that the user wants to repeat, this activity takes place along the “REWARD PATHWAY ” of the brain. Brain cells along this pathway release a chemical called DOPAMINE. Dopamine is not necessarily a dangerous chemical but can be in association with drug use. • Dangerous Effects of Dopamine when a person is on drugs • The extra dopamine released during the drug use can cause the user to ignore the harmful effects of the drug and want to continue using it. • Flooding the reward pathway with dopamine may lead to intense cravings for the drug when it’s not available. • After a time, drug abuse can dull the brain’s reactions to natural levels of dopamine. The user no longer feels pleasure from normal activities.
Dangers of drug abuse, misuse, and abuse • ADDICTION • Physical addiction occurs when the body’s chemistry adjusts its functioning to the presence of the drug. The addicted person requires higher and higher does of the drug to ward off symptoms of withdrawal • Psychological addiction occurs when a strong mental craving for a drug sets in. The craving may last for years after the drug is gone. The only sure way to escape drug addiction is never to experiment with drugs that produce it. • WITHDRAWL • The physical symptoms of withdrawal that occur when a drug to which a person is addicted is cleared from the body tissues. • Withdrawal Symptoms include but are not limited to: nausea, vomiting, headaches, dizziness, fever, digestion problems, paranoia or panic, tremors, seizures or death.
Peers and Drugs • Answer the questions at the bottom of page 2 in the packet
Complete flip book • Complete pages 3 – 7 in the packet using your book • pages 440-447 • DUE TOMORROW • Hands on activity • Test tomorrow • Can use packet • Packet Due
Hands on Activity • Form a group with 4 other students • You will receive a role-playing card from your teacher • Do not discuss your role with other group members • Imagine that you are at the party with your friends. Spend 5 minutes about your role and how you will act • At my signal begin acting out your role with the other members of your group