What is Word Study? Jane Bean-Folkes February, 2014
Phonics + Spelling + Vocabulary Instruction = Word Study
Why do we teach Word Study? • Word study is the study of phonics, vocabulary, and spelling instruction. • Words study is the integration of phonics, spelling, and vocabulary instruction. • Word study teaches students how to look closely at words to discover regularities and conventions of English orthography or spelling.
Word Study and the CCSS • Foundational SkillsFoundational skills must follow a developmental sequence. Students must "know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words." There is a call for explicit instruction. • VocabularyVocabulary demands are greater today, as students must read more complex literary and informational texts. • MorphologyThe study of morphology involves deep and generative study of words and their meanings. http://www.brainshark.com/mcgraw-hillseg/vu?pi=zHezaK8uCz3rXxz0
Purpose of Word Study • “First, students develop a general knowledge of English spelling. They also discover generalizations about spelling, instead of just spelling rules.” Sound, • “Second, word study increase student’s specific knowledge of words – sound, spelling & meaning of words .” Words Their Way
Why Word Study? Literacy is like a braid of interwoven threads: • Reading • Oral Language • Writing • Orthography • Words Their Way demonstrates how exploration of orthographic knowledge can lead to the lengthening and strengthening of the literacy braid. See WTW, page 2
Synchrony of Literacy Learning Layers of the English Orthography: Alphabet Pattern Meaning Reading and Writing Stages: Emergent Beginning Transitional Intermediate Advanced Spelling Stages: Emergent Letter-Name Within-Word Syllable & Affixes Derivational
Spelling-Word Study Orthography EncodingDecoding Literacy J. Brownell, 2011
What should students know? • Spelling Stage 1 - Emergent (2) Preschool-K • Spelling Stage 2 - Letter-Name Alphabetic (5) 1st to 2nd grade • Spelling Stage 3 - Within-Word (4) 2nd to 3rd grade • Spelling Stage 4 - Syllable Affix (3) Late 3rd grade to 5th Grade • Spelling Stage 5 - Derivational Relations (3) 5th Grade and up(See Handout)
End of Year Spelling GoalsPer Grade Level • K Middle Letter Name • 1 Early Within Word • 2 Late Within Word • 3 Early Syllable and Affixes • 4 Middle Syllable and Affixes • 5 Late Syllable and Affixes • 6+ Derivational Relations
Assessment What students: • can do and do know • Students need to be able to explain the pattern of the words studied; deeper knowledge and generalization of words • Cumulative assessments • use but confuse • Day-to-day writing; students use knowledge of words
Gates (1919) wrote students should not “write words 10 times each”. Learners need frequent, deep and rich experiences with words and vocabulary.
Strategies to Help • Sight Words • Sound • Picture sorts • Word sorts • Blind sorts • Pattern • Word sorts • Can use key pictures • Meaning • Concepts sorts • Content area words/pictures • Pre-reading/pre-writing/grammar • Spelling-meaning sorts • Homophones (buy, by) • Homographs (record (v), record (n)) • Greek/Latin elements ( spec = spectator, inspect, speculate)
Word Study Resources Websites: • Huneycutt.biz/english/wordstudy • Literacyconnections.com/wordstudy • Readingrockets.org Apps: • See handout
English Alphabetic Code http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=6&ved=0CDMQFjAF&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.longwood.k12.ny.us%2FAlphabetLetterGame.ppt&ei=PUAOU6zJEMK80gHDqoC4Bg&usg=AFQjCNEDwbrvplJc51BqET0NSpK80rsRPw&bvm=bv.61965928,d.dmQ