Social Roles: The Stanford Prison Experiment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Social Roles: The Stanford Prison Experiment

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  1. Social Roles: The Stanford Prison Experiment • Guard responses • Justified action through need to maintain order • Uniform provided power and deindividuation • Prisoner responses • Dehumanized • Isolated • Learned to be helpless • Ethical concerns

  2. The Situation Can Also Be Manipulated for Good Helping -- Personality doesn’t matter as much as situational factors • How the help is asked for • Whether the helper is in a hurry • The mood and previous situation of the helper • Characteristics of the victim • Whether there is room for diffusion of responsibility

  3. Construal: Determining Social Reality

  4. Culture: Changing our Construal of Self and Society • Independent vs. Interdependent Views of the Self • Defining the self • Attending to actors vs. situations • Forming preferences for figures and pens • Forming social goals • Cultural Variation within the United States

  5. Construal and Attitudes • Perceiving Social Reality • Hastorf & Cantril “They Saw a Game” • Cognitive Dissonance • Festinger & Carlsmith (1959) • Self-Fulfilling Prophesies • Rosenthal & Jacobson (1968) • Snyder (1978)

  6. Forming and Overcoming Prejudice • Sherif “Robber’s Cave” Study • Aronson’s Jigsaw Classroom • More on stereotyping tomorrow . . .