Root words Form the main part of a word, provide the basic meaning of the word
Joined along with some other letters to form different words which have related meanings Arabic words have three letter roots and rarely four or five letter roots Always maintain their order / specific arrangement.
To know the translation of the word • To analyze the word • To use the Arabic dictionary one must know the root of the word • TO Pass the tests Why know the Roots ?
branching words Masdar Root
Topic : 2 HuroofIllat (Missing/Chilling Letters)
HuroofIllat Alif Waaw Yaa
You can call them sick letters - weak letters • They get tired easily • So when they appear in Roots , they may • Be Present • Or Absent • Or send another weak letter in their place HuroofIllat
Changed dropped Present
can be the first radical • For Example : ي ق ن يُوقِنُونَ • can be the second radical • For Example: ق و م يُقِيمُونَ • can be the third Radical For Example: ه دي ٱهۡدِنَا HuroofIllat :
Yes there can be Can there be more than one defective letters in one Root?
لِّلۡمُتَّقِينَ • و ق ي Example : Surah Al Baqarah : 2
Normal Root words You just need to recognize them • Root words with defective letters You have to learn them Meat of the matter is
Let’s give some examples! More Examples
In Some Root words the Second and Third Radical are identical • In Such cases the second radical will have shaddah • Example : The word رَبِّ is from root برب The Double Lettered Root word….
Shaddah means “The Letter is twice” In other words…
ضالِّينَ • يَمُدُّهُمْ • صُمٌّ • رَبِّهِ Other Examples….
Not every shaddah means identical root letters. • For Example : بَشِّرِ ب ش ر Keep in mind ….