Agriculture Road Map of Bihar A presentation on Rastriya Krishi Vikas Yojana
"Agriculture not only gives riches to a nation, but the only riches she can call her own.” …Samuel Johnson
RKVY – The Prime mover of Bihar Agriculture • Pre RKVY, low investment in this sector both public and private. • Low productivity • Low infusion of technology. • Withering extension • Moribund practices • All round stagnation ... A wake up call
States Response to RKVY • Provided much needed succor. • Opportunity for inter departmental coordination. • Enthused the agriculture cadre. • Lessons from suicides of Maharashtra. • Given highest priority by the State. … ROAD MAP FOR AGRICULTURE AND ALLIED SECTORS
Strategy • Inputs access, supply and quality. • Transfer of technology and extension. • Income generation schemes. • Marketing. …Definite Milestones.
How Bihar is different ? • Commitment at highest level • Kisan Panchayat prepared road map • Chief Minister remained present during deliberations • Very significant increase in public investment • Agriculture from 5 crore to 234 crore • Animal Husbandry and Fisheries from 66 to 232 crore • Concerted efforts to fill up vacancies • 2000 agriculture extension workers (graduates) • 200 vets • Providing basic infrastructure. • 824 Dispensaries being renovated / new construction • Quality Control Labs and e-connectivity at block levels • Active involvement of agriculture university and KVK’s in formulation, research and extension.
C-DAP • Bihar has prepared district agriculture road map in consultation with all the partners at field level. • The Collector constituted a committee which prepared the draft district road map (read district agriculture plan). • Wide consultations with allied sectors and research partners affected. • Consultant employed to finalized the district agriculture road map. • The leadership of collector maintained.
FOCUS ON SEEDS • Crash Seed Programme launched for Paddy • 1 lakh farmers benefitted through camps • Seed Village programme launched • Similar programmes for rabi crops planned • Emphasis on fingerlings in fisheries • Shift from spawn to fingerlings • Seed farmers given interest free loan (>300 farmers) • 50% subsidy for fish farmers
Key Issues in Agriculture • Input crisis • High cost /Poor quality • Lack of access to credit : 104 lakh holdings- 20 lakh Kisan Credit Card. • Fragmented holding. • 90% of holding belonging to small & marginal farmers. • Diesel Based irrigation. • Flood & Drought risks. • Weak Marketing & Storage facility.
RashtriyaKrishiVikasYojna2007-08 32% 35% 21% 6% 6%
Salient Achievements • Preparation of C-DAP for all 38 districts. • Draft Plan ready. • Detailed Plan by 31.8.2008. • Strengthening of 244 Seed Multiplication Farms. • Strengthening of soil testing infrastructure. • Soil health card to 1 lakh seed growers under crash seed programme. • Vaccination of 29.83 lakh cattle against F.M. disease. • Establishment of 10 Fodder Bank.
Salient Achievements • Preparation of C-DAP for all 38 districts • Draft Plan ready • Detailed Plan by 31.8.2008. • Organization of 300 cooperative milk producers society. • Establishment of 5 automatic milk collection centre. • Survey of fishery resources-30000 tanks. • Development of 24 Mann/Chaurs for fish production
RashtriyaKrishiVikasYojna2008-09 2% 2% 12% 44% 40%
ISSUES • Timely conveying of allocations will help the states to make budget provisions • Presence of Govt of India officials in the SLSC should not be mandatory • Flexibility to the states for formulation of programmes • Eligibility criteria should be such that the backward states should be incentivized if they are making serious efforts
Way to go... • Focus on extension. • Seed replacement ratio – 50%. • Fertilizer availability and usage. • Diesel subsidy. • Comprehensive crop insurance. • KCC, timely institutional Kharif and Rabi lending. • Organizing more multi disciplinary melas. • Strengthening marketing and storage.
"Cultivators of the earth are the most valuable citizens. They are the most vigorous, the most independent, the most virtuous, and they are tied to their country and wedded to it’s liberty and interests by the most lasting bands“ …Thomas Jefferson American 3rd US President