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Greg Taylor, Brandon Bayer, Tom Holmes Faculty Advisors: Dr. John Wu & Dr. Joseph Slater

Digital Wireless Transmission of Live Video Wright State High Altitude Balloon Team Final Presentation. Greg Taylor, Brandon Bayer, Tom Holmes Faculty Advisors: Dr. John Wu & Dr. Joseph Slater Electrical Engineering Mentor: Bruce Rahn. Outline. Goals Design Results Balloon Launch

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Greg Taylor, Brandon Bayer, Tom Holmes Faculty Advisors: Dr. John Wu & Dr. Joseph Slater

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  1. Digital Wireless Transmission of Live VideoWright State High Altitude Balloon TeamFinal Presentation Greg Taylor, Brandon Bayer, Tom Holmes Faculty Advisors: Dr. John Wu & Dr. Joseph Slater Electrical Engineering Mentor: Bruce Rahn

  2. Outline • Goals • Design • Results • Balloon Launch • Conclusion

  3. Initial Goal • Achieve real-time video transmission from the high altitude balloon via a standalone software-defined radio.

  4. Design: RF • The FCC requires the RF signal path for the operating frequency to be above 420 MHz • Operating frequency is 1280.5 MHz • Optimum performance is at line of sight conditions • 20 dB amp is used with the E100 (+20dbm output) • Yagi antenna: RX (14 dB gain) • ¾ wavelength whip antenna: TX (1:1 unity gain)

  5. Design: Path Loss • The balloon altitude of 100,000 feet = 30.4 km • FSPL(dB) = 20*log(Frequency(MHz) + 20*log(distance(km)) + 32.44 • Transmission frequency of 1280.5 MHz yields 120 dB of signal path loss • The signal strength of the transmitted signal at 1280.5 MHz with the 20 dB amplifier is +20 dBm output • The signal level under line of sight ideal conditions is +20-120 = -100 dBm at the receiver, which is 25 to 30 dB above noise floor • The Yagi antenna adds 14 dB gain making the received signal at 100,000 feet to be 30 to 44 dB above noise floor

  6. Design: Standalone SDR Transmitter

  7. Design: SDR Receiver

  8. Design: Parts List Price 11.1V 6600 ma/Hr Lithium-Ion Batter Pack $69.99 11.1V 4400 ma/Hr Lithium-Ion Battery Pack $45.99 Life Cam HD-5000 Web Cam $40.95 Castle Creations CC-CEB Pro Battery Eliminator Circuit $40.99 E100 (Software Defined Radio) $1300 EC3 Connectors $3.99 Total $1510.91

  9. Results: Ground Testing • Basic waveforms, small text & audio files at 3 ft • Live video streaming at 3 ft in lab • Live video streaming at 100 ft in Russ hallway • Live video streaming at 700 ft in Joshi parking lot • Live video streaming at 2,800 ft along Colonel Glenn Hwy • Live video streaming at 25,000 ft (4.7 miles) from Wright Memorial to N/E side of WPAFB

  10. Balloon Launch 29 • Thursday, May 31st, 2012 • Launched from Anderson Airfield (south of Bellbrook) • Two packages • Command Package for tracking & communication • Video Package for video capture & transmission • Successful launch and recovery • Successfully received live video to 60,000 feet!

  11. Balloon Launch 29

  12. Balloon Launch 29

  13. Balloon Launch 29

  14. Balloon Launch 29

  15. Balloon Launch 29

  16. Balloon Launch 29

  17. Balloon Launch 29

  18. Conclusion • Team Live Video has successfully met our goal • Improvements necessary for future designs • Must obtain better E100 performance by moving processing to the FPGA or upgrading the hardware • Build Yagi receiving antenna with better precision • Optimize video encoding/decoding to achieve better performance and robustness • Could use antenna on roof of Russ for receiving • Launching high altitude balloons are a lot of work!

  19. End Any Questions?

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