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Fire Protection in Shipyard Employment

Fire Protection in Shipyard Employment

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Fire Protection in Shipyard Employment

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  1. Fire Protection in Shipyard Employment

  2. General provisions • Purpose and Scope 501 • Fire safety plan 502 • Precautions before hot work 503 • Fire watches 504 • Fire response 505 • Hazards of fixed extinguishers on board vessel 506 • Landside fire protection system 507 • Training 508

  3. Purpose • Requires employers to protect all employees from fire hazards in shipyard employment, including employees engaged in fire response activities • Provides increased protection for shipyard employment workers from the hazards of fire on vessels and vessel sections and at land-side facilities • Reflects new technologies and national NFPA consensus standards

  4. Scope • Covers employers with employees engaged in • Shipyard employment aboard vessels and vessel sections • Land - side operations • Regardless of geographic locations

  5. Employee participation • Employer’s must provide for employees or employee representatives to participate in developing and reviewing programs and policies to comply with this subpart

  6. Multi-employer worksites • Host employer responsibilities • Inform employers about the content of the fire safety plan including hazards, controls, fire safety and health rules, and emergency procedures • Ensure safety and health responsibilities for fire protection are assigned as appropriate to other employers at the worksite

  7. Multi-employer worksites (cont’d) • Contract employer responsibilities • Ensure host employer knows about the fire-related hazards associated with the contract employer's work and what the contract employer is doing to address them • Advise the host employer of any previously unidentified fire- related hazards that the contract employer identifies at the worksite

  8. Fire safety plan29 CFR 1950-502 • Employer responsibilities • Plan elements • Reviewing the plan with employees • Additional employer requirements • Contract employers

  9. Plan elements • Plan must include: • Identification of significant fire hazards • Procedures for recognizing and reporting unsafe conditions • Alarm procedures • Procedures for notifying employees of a fire emergency • Procedures for notifying fire response organizations of a fire emergency • Procedures for evacuation • Procedures to account for all employees after an evacuation; and • Names, job titles, or departments or individuals who can be contacted for information about the plan

  10. Reviewing the plan with employees • The employer must review the plan with each employee at the following times: • By March 14, 2004, for current employees • Upon initial assignment for new employees; and • When the actions the employee must take under the plan change because of a change in duties or a change in the plan.

  11. Additional plan requirements • Must be accessible to employees, employee representatives and OSHA • Review and update at least annually • Document affected employees have been informed about the plan • Give a copy to outside fire response organizations that will respond to fires

  12. Contract employers • Contract employers in shipyard employment must have a fire safety plan for their employees, and the plan must comply with the host employer's fire safety plan • The contract employer can adopt the host employers fire safety plan to meet this requirement

  13. Precautions for hot work29 CFR 1915 – 503 • General requirements • Designated areas • Non-designated areas • Specific requirements • Maintaining fire hazard free conditions • Fuel gas and oxygen supply line and torches

  14. General requirements - designated areas • The employer may designate areas that are free of fire hazardsfor hot work in sites such as: • Vessels • Vessel sections • Fabricating shops • Subassembly areas

  15. Non-designated areas • Visually inspect area where hot work will be performed, including adjacent areas unless Marine Chemist’s certificate or Shipyard Competent person’s logs is used for authorization • Perform hot work only in areas that are free of fire hazards, or controlled by physical isolation, fire watches, etc. • Maintain fire hazard-free conditions

  16. Precautions for hot work – specific requirements • Fuel gas and oxygen supply lines and torches • No unattended lines in confined spaces • No unattended charged lines in enclosed spaces for more than 15 minutes • Fuel gas and oxygen hose lines disconnected at end of each shift

  17. Precautions for hot work – specific requirements (cont’d) • Roll lines back to supply manifold or open air and then disconnect torch, or • Disconnect extended fuel gas and oxygen hose lines at the the supply manifold • Only if the lines are given a positive means of identification • Use a drop test or other positive means to ensure the integrity of fuel gas and oxygen burning system before resuming hot work

  18. Fire watches29 CFR 1915 - 504 • Written policy • Posting fire watches • Assigning employees to fire watch duty

  19. Written policy • Detailed fire watch training • Identifies duties employees will perform and equipment they will be given • Includes personal protective equipment (PPE) that must be made available and worn

  20. Posting fire watches • Must post a fire watch during hot work if any of the following are present: • Slag, weld splatter, or sparks might pass through an opening and cause a fire • Fire-resistant guards or curtains are not used to prevent ignition of combustible materials on or near decks, bulkheads, etc • Combustible material is closer than 35 ft. and cannot be removed, shielded or protected

  21. Posting fire watches (cont’d) • Hot work is carried out on or near insulation, combustible coatings that cannot be shielded, cut back, removed, or inerted • Combustible materials adjacent to the opposite sides of bulkheads, decks, etc. may be ignited by conduction or radiation • The hot work is close enough to cause ignition through heat radiation or conduction on: • Insulated pipes, bulkheads, decks, partitions, or overheads; or • Combustible materials and/or coatings

  22. Posting fire watches (cont’d) • The work is close enough to unprotected combustible pipe or cable runs to cause ignition • A Marine Chemist, a Coast Guard-authorized person, or a shipyard Competent Person requires that a fire watch be posted

  23. Assigning employees to fire watch duty • Employees must not be assigned additional duties while the hot work is in progress • Employees must be physically capable of performing fire watch duties • Employees assigned to fire watch duty must: • Have a clear view and immediate access to all areas included in the fire watch • Be able to communicate with workers exposed to hot work • Be authorized to stop work and restore safe conditions within hot work area

  24. Assigning employees to fire watch duty (cont’d) • Remain in the hot work area for 30 minutes after completion of the hot work - Unless the employer or its representative surveys the exposed area and makes a determination that there is no further fire hazard • Be trained to detect fires in areas exposed to the hot work • Extinguish incipient stage fires in the hot work area • Alert employees of any fire beyond the incipient stage; and • If unable to extinguish fire, activate the alarm

  25. Fire response29 CFR 1915 – 505 • Employer responsibilities • Written policy information • Internal response • External response • Medical requirements for shipyard response employees • Organization of internal fire response functions • Personal protective clothing and equipment for fire response employees • Equipment maintenance (PPE)

  26. Employer responsibilities • Decide what type of response will be provided and who will provide it • Internal fire response • Outside fire response • Create, maintain, and update a written policy that: • Describes the internal and outside fire response organizations that the employer will use; and • Defines evacuation procedures, if the employer chooses to require a total or partial evacuation of the worksite at the time of a fire

  27. Written policy – internal response • The basic structure of the fire response organization • Number of trained fire response employees • The fire response functions that will be carried out • Minimum number of fire response employees necessary • Type, amount, and frequency of training that must be given to fire response employees • Procedures for using protective clothing and equipment

  28. Written policy – outside response • Types of fire suppression incidents to which the fire response organization is expected to respond at the employer's facility • Liaisons between the employer and the outside fire response organizations

  29. Written policy – outside response (cont’d) • A plan for fire response functions that: • Addresses procedures for obtaining assistance from the outside fire response organization • Familiarizes the outside fire response organization with the layout of the employer's facility or worksite • Sets forth how hose and coupling connections will be made compatible and location of adapter couplings • States employer will not allow use of incompatible hose connections

  30. Written policy – combination of internal and outside response • The basic organizational structure of the combined fire response • Number of combined trained fire responders • Fire response functions that may need to be carried out • Minimum number of fire response employees necessary • Number and types of apparatuses, and • Description of the fire suppression operations established by written standard operating procedures for each particular type of response at the worksite • Type, amount, and frequency of joint training with outside fire response organizations

  31. Employee evacuation • Emergency escape procedures • Procedures to be followed by employees who remain at worksite to perform critical operations during the evacuation • Procedures to account for all employees after emergency evacuation is completed • Means of reporting fires and other emergencies • Names or job titles of employees or departments to be contacted for further information or explanation of duties

  32. Written emergency response • The employer must include the following information in the employer's written policy: • A description of the emergency rescue procedures; and • Names or job titles of the employees who are assigned to perform them

  33. Medical requirements for shipyard fire response employees • The employer must ensure that: • Fire response employees receive medical exams to assure they are physically and medically fit for duties expected to perform • Fire response employees, required to wear respirators meet the medical requirements • Each fire response employee has an annual medical examination; and • Medical records are kept on fire response employees

  34. Organization of internal fire response functions • Organize fire response functions to ensure adequate resources for emergency operations • Establish lines of authority and assign responsibilities to ensure components of the internal fire response are accomplished • Set up incident management system to coordinate and direct fire response functions, including: • Specific fire emergency responsibilities • Accountability for all fire response employees participating in an emergency operation; and • Resources offered by outside organizations • Provide information as required to the outside fire response organization to be used

  35. PPE for fire response employees • General requirements • Thermal stability and flame resistance • Respiratory protection • Interior structural firefighting operations • Proximity firefighting operations • Personal alert safety system (PASS) devices • Life safety ropes, body harnesses and hardware

  36. General requirements • Employer must: • At no cost, supply all fire response employees appropriate personal protective clothing and equipment they need to perform expected duties • Ensure employees wear the appropriate PPE and use the equipment, when necessary, to protect them from hazardous exposures

  37. Thermal stability and flame resistance • Ensure each fire response employee exposed to flame hazards do not wear clothing that could increase the extent of injury • Prohibit wearing clothing made from acetate, nylon, or polyester, either alone or in blends, unless it can be shown that: • The fabric will withstand the flammability hazard that may be encountered; or • The clothing will be worn in such a way to eliminate the flammability hazard that may be encountered

  38. Personal Alert Safety System (PASS) devices • Provide each fire response employee involved in firefighting operations with a PASS device; and • Ensure that each PASS device meets the recommendations in NFPA 1982-1998 Standard on Personal Alert Safety Systems (PASS)

  39. Life safety ropes, body harnesses and hardware • The employer must ensure that: • All life safety ropes, body harnesses, and hardware used by fire response employees for emergency operations meet the applicable recommendations in NFPA 1983-2001 • Fire response employees use only Class I body harnesses to attach to ladders and aerial devices; and • Fire response employees use only Class II and Class III body harnesses for fall arrest and rappelling operations

  40. Equipment maintenance • Personal protective equipment • Employer must inspect and maintain PPE used to protect fire response employees to ensure that it provides the intended protection • Fire response equipment. • Keep fire response equipment in a state of readiness • Standardize all fire hose coupling and connection threads throughout the facility • Ensure all fire hoses and coupling connection threads are the same throughout the facility as those used by the outside fire response organization, or • Supply suitable adapter couplings if such an organization is expected to use the fire response equipment within a facility or vessel or vessel section

  41. Hazards of fixed extinguishing systems on board vessels and vessel sections – 29 CFR 1915 - 506 • Employer responsibilities • Requirements for automatic and manual systems • Sea and dock trials • Doors and hatches • Testing the system • Conducting system maintenance • Using fixed manual extinguishing systems for protection

  42. Employer’s responsibilities • The employer must comply with the provisions of this section whenever employees are exposed to fixed extinguishing systems that could create a dangerous atmosphere when activated in vessels and vessel sections, regardless of geographic location

  43. Requirements for automatic and manual systems • Before working in a a space with a fixed system, either: • Physically isolate the systems or use other positive means to prevent the systems' discharge; or • Ensure employees are trained to recognize: • Systems' discharge and evacuation alarms and the appropriate escape routes; and • Hazards associated with the extinguishing systems and agents including the dangers of disturbing system components and equipment

  44. Sea and dock trials and door hatches • During trials, the employer must ensure that all systems remain operational • Take protective measures to ensure all doors, hatches, scuttles, and other exit openings remain working and accessible for escape in the event the systems are activated; and

  45. Sea and dock trials and door hatches(cont’d) • Ensure that all inward opening doors, hatches, scuttles, and other potential barriers to safe exit are removed or blocked open, if systems' activation could result in a positive pressure in the protected spaces sufficient to impede escape

  46. Testing the system • When testing a fixed extinguishing system involves a total discharge of extinguishing medium into a space, employer must: • Evacuate all employees from space and assure no employees remain in the space during the discharge • Retest the atmosphere to ensure that the oxygen levels are safe for employees to enter • When testing a fixed extinguishing system does not involve a total discharge of the systems extinguishing medium, employer must: • Ensure system's extinguishing medium is isolated • All employees not directly involved in the testing are evacuated from the protected space

  47. Conducting system maintenance • Before conducting maintenance on a fixed extinguishing system, the employer must ensure that the system is physically isolated

  48. Using fixed manual extinguishing systems for fire protection • If fixed manual extinguishing systems are used to provide fire protection for spaces in which the employees are working, the employer must ensure that: • Only authorized employees are allowed to activate the system • Authorized employees are trained to operate and activate the systems; and • All employees are evacuated from the protected spaces, and accounted for, before the fixed manual extinguishing system is activated

  49. Land-side fire protection systems 29 CFR 1915 - 507 • Employer responsibilities • Portable fire extinguishers and hose systems • Fixed extinguishing systems

  50. Employer responsibilities • Ensure all fixed and portable fire protection systems needed to meet OSHA standard for employee safety or employee protection from fire hazards in land- side facilities meet the requirements, including, but not limited to: • Buildings • Structures • Equipment