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Physical Injury Prevention at Workplace

Physical Injury Prevention at Workplace

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Physical Injury Prevention at Workplace

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  1. Physical Injury Prevention at Workplace Instructor: Dr. Patrick Tschida PUBH-6165-5 Environmental Health Presented By Arunachalam Subramanian Walden University July 30, 2011

  2. Contents • Environmental Hazards in the Workplace • Common Occupational Diseases in Ontario • Workplace Injuries in Ontario • Prevention of Injuries at Workplace • Employee’s Responsibility in Injury Prevention • Useful Links • References

  3. Environmental Hazards in the WorkplaceClassification of Hazards • Physical Hazards • Ergonomic Hazards • Chemical Hazards • Biological Hazards Moeller, D.W. (2005). Environmental Health. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

  4. Physical Hazards • Electrical hazards • Unguarded machinery • Mobile equipments • Heights/Scaffolding • Spills/Tripping hazards • Extremes of Temperature/Pressure • Vibration • Constant loud noise • Sunlight and other radiation hazards Moeller, D.W. (2005). Environmental Health. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

  5. Ergonomic Hazards • Poor lighting • Poor posture • Improperly designed workstations and chairs • Frequent lifting of heavy objects • Awkward/Repetitive/Forceful movements Moeller, D.W. (2005). Environmental Health. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

  6. Common Occupational Diseases in Ontario • Psychological disorders (almost half of all claims) • Musculoskeletal injuries and diseases • Lung disease • Cancer • Traumatic injuries • Occupational cardiovascular disease • Reproductive disorders • Neurological disorders • Noise induced hearing loss • Skin diseases Office of the Worker Adviser. (2011). Occupational Diseases. Retreived from http://www.owa.gov.on.ca/fact_sheets/occupational_disease.html

  7. Musculoskeletal Injuries and diseases • Slips and falls • Fractures • Dislocations • Injuries to nerves and spinal cord • Repetitive strain injuries MSD account for 40 % of all claims Back pain constitute 7% of all MSDs Health Canada. (2011). Environmental and Workplace Health. Retreived from http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewh-semt/hazards-risques/index-eng.php

  8. Noise Induced Hearing Loss • Conductive hearing loss • Sensorineuralhearing loss Health Canada. (2011). Environmental and Workplace Health. Retreived from http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewh-semt/hazards-risques/index-eng.php

  9. Occupational Diseases of the Skin • Hand Arm Vibration Syndrome (White finger) • Friction blisters • Frost-bite • Burns • Silica in abrasions (Sarcoidal granulomas) Health Canada. (2011). Environmental and Workplace Health. Retreived from http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewh-semt/hazards-risques/index-eng.php

  10. Work Related Injuries, by Industry Human Resources and Skills Development Canada. (2011). Work – Work-related Injuries. Retreived from http://www4.hrsdc.gc.ca/.3ndic.1t.4r@-eng.jsp?iid=20

  11. Work Related Injuries, by Province Human Resources and Skills Development Canada. (2011). Work – Work-related Injuries. Retreived from http://www4.hrsdc.gc.ca/.3ndic.1t.4r@-eng.jsp?iid=20

  12. Workplace Injuries in Ontario Workplace Safety and Insurance Board. (2011). Health and Safety Statistics. Retreived from http://www.wsib.on.ca/en/community/WSIB/230/ArticleDetail/24338?vgnextoid=2609e35c819d7210VgnVCM100000449c710aRCRD

  13. Workplace Injuries in Ontario Workplace Safety and Insurance Board. (2011). Health and Safety Statistics. Retreived from http://www.wsib.on.ca/en/community/WSIB/230/ArticleDetail/24338?vgnextoi d=2609e35c819d7210VgnVCM100000449c710aRCRD

  14. Workplace Injuries in Ontario Workplace Safety and Insurance Board. (2011). Health and Safety Statistics. Retreived from http://www.wsib.on.ca/en/community/WSIB/230/ArticleDetail/24338?vgnextoid=2609e35c819d7210VgnVCM100000449c710aRCRD

  15. Prevention of Injuries at WorkplaceCommon Factors Increasing the Risk • Awkward Posture and Positioning • Excessive Force • High Repetition • Poor physical condition • Direct Pressure / Contact Stress • Vibration • Cold and extreme temperatures (environmental factors) • Fatigue Workplace Safety and Prevention Services. (2011). Workers. Retreived from http://www.healthandsafetyontario.ca/Resources/Topics/Workers.aspx

  16. Controls Implemented by Health and Safety Committee • Engineering Controls • Work Practice Controls • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) • Administrative Controls Take One Step. (2011). Workplace Hazards. Retreived from http://www.takeonestep.org/Pages/yoursafety/safenotsorry/workplacehazards.aspx

  17. Engineering Controls • Workstation Design and Set up • Design of Work Methods • Tools and Handle Design Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety. (2011). Education and Training. Retreived from http://www.ccohs.ca/education/

  18. Work Practice Controls • Proper training of employees • Proper techniques to improve posture • Correct lifting techniques • Proper maintenance of equipments and tools • Correct use of workstations and fixtures • Conditioning period for new employees • Monitoring and Feedback • Adjustments and Modifications Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety. (2011). Education and Training. Retreived from http://www.ccohs.ca/education/

  19. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) • Proper fit • Proper protection • Should not increase ergonomic stressors Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety. (2011). Education and Training. Retreived from http://www.ccohs.ca/education/

  20. Administrative Controls • Providing sufficient rest pauses • Considering overtime work related stress • Increasing the number of employees for tough task • Using job rotation • Providing sufficient numbers of relief personnel • Maintenance program for industrial equipments • Effective housekeeping Ontario Ministry of Labour. (2010). Engaging Workplaces. Retreived from http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/hs/sawo/about.php#engaging

  21. Employee’s Responsibility in Injury Prevention What can be done to prevent injuries? Identify situations that can result in injuries Report any injuries or hazards immediately Refuse to work in unsafe situations Know about potential hazards in your workplace Participate in workplace health and safety issues Ontario Ministry of Labour. (2011). If I am Injured at Work. Retreived from http://www.worksmartontario.gov.on.ca/scripts/default.asp?contentID=2-5-0

  22. Reasons for not reporting injuries • Employer may be a family member or friend • Do not want to upset by reporting injury • Afraid of the boss thinking you inability to perform the job properly • Thinking that the injury is not very serious • Afraid of co-workers thinking less of you Ontario Ministry of Labour. (2010). Safe At Work Ontario Basics. Retreived from http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/hs/sawo/about.php

  23. Useful Links Many organizations are involved in occupational health and safety in Canada and Ontario The Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB) of Ontario The Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS) Occupational Health Clinics for Ontario Workers (OHCOW) Canada ’s National Occupational Health and Safety (CANOSH) Labour Canada - The Human Resources and Skills Development department has some information on workplace safety

  24. References Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety. (2011). Education and Training. Retreived from http://www.ccohs.ca/education/ Health Canada. (2011). Environmental and Workplace Health. Retreived from http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewh-semt/hazards-risques/index-eng.php Human Resources and Skills Development Canada. (2011). Work – Work-related Injuries. Retreived from http://www4.hrsdc.gc.ca/.3ndic.1t.4r@-eng.jsp?iid=20 Moeller, D.W. (2005). Environmental Health. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Office of the Worker Adviser. (2011). Occupational Diseases. Retreived from http://www.owa.gov.on.ca/fact_sheets/occupational_disease.html Ontario Ministry of Labour. (2010). Engaging Workplaces. Retreived from http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/hs/sawo/about.php#engaging

  25. References Ontario Ministry of Labour. (2010). Safe At Work Ontario Basics. Retreived from http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/hs/sawo/about.php Ontario Ministry of Labour. (2011). If I am Injured at Work. Retreived from http://www.worksmartontario.gov.on.ca/scripts/default.asp?contentID=2-5-0 Take One Step. (2011). Workplace Hazards. Retreived from http://www.takeonestep.org/Pages/yoursafety/safenotsorry/workplacehazards.aspx Workplace Safety and Insurance Board. (2011). Health and Safety Statistics. Retreived from http://www.wsib.on.ca/en/community/WSIB/230/ArticleDetail/24338?vgnextoid=2609e35c819d7210VgnVCM100000449c710aRCRD Workplace Safety and Prevention Services. (2011). Workers. Retreived from http://www.healthandsafetyontario.ca/Resources/Topics/Workers.aspx