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S tudents' L earning S tyles and T heir P references for O nline I nstructional M ethods. Presenter ： Xiao, Gui-hui Advisor ： Chen, Min-puu Date ： July 17,2007.
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Students' Learning Styles and Their Preferences for Online Instructional Methods Presenter：Xiao, Gui-hui Advisor ：Chen, Min-puu Date ：July 17,2007 Butler, T. J., & Pinto, Z. G.(2005).Students' learningstyles and their preferences for online instructional methods. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 34(2),199-221.
Outline • Introduction • Background -Online Course Design -Course Design and Learning Styles • Methods -Research Design -Subjects and Procedures • Results • Conclusions
Introduction(1/3) • In an attempt to serve online students’ needs, several questions were asked: • Is there a dominant learning style of students in online courses? • Is there a preferred method of online instruction? • Is there a relationship between learning styles and the preferred method of online instruction?
Introduction(2/3) • Learning Styles Inventories (LSI) and their role in education have had a constant presence in the literature for well over 60 years. • The foundation of learning style assessment is in Jungian philosophy. ˙ the fundamental basis: Myers-Briggs Personality Type Indicator (MBTI) ˙ several of the learning style inventory tools: -Kolb Learning Styles Inventory -Canfield Learning Styles Inventory -the Grasha-Reichmann Learning Styles Scales -the Gregorc Learning Styles Delineator (GSD)
Introduction(3/3) • The Gregorc Learning Style Delineator requires the subject to complete a matrix consisting of ten sets of four words.
Background • The application of LSIs in all aspects of education is well represented in the literature, warranting use in both traditional and online educational settings. - Diaz and Cartnal were one of the first to compare the learning styles of online learners with on-campus students. - The Kolb LSI and a self-created survey were used by Karuppan to evaluate student access to an online lecture in two sections of an introductory principles of management course. - Andrusyszyn administered a self-developed questionnaire to 125 nurse practitioner students.
Background • Online Course Design While transitioning an on-campus Leadership in Organizations course to the online environment, Hutton found that structured learning goals and threaded discussions were necessary for online learning. • Course Design and Learning Styles Simon found significant differences in the preferred training methods based on the Kolb learning style. Specifically, differences were reported between the reflective/observers and their active/experimentation counterparts for skill acquisition and comprehension.
Methods • Research Design The research design for this study was a descriptive correlation study utilizing a 2-part survey. • Subjects and Procedures The subjects consisted of a convenience sample of all graduate students(N = 331) enrolled in an active online graduate course offered bySetonWorldWide.
Results • The Online Program Convenience was the most frequent reason (91.7%) given for choosing online learning, while 46.9% cited the appeal of online learning as a major reason for enrolling in an online graduate program.
Conclusions • The correlations between the learning styles and the methods of instructional methods that suit those styles, were examined within the definitions outlined by Gregorc. • While no single dominant learning style emerged, strong preferences for online instructional methods were found. • Educators must be challenged beyond the definitions established in the pre-online era, identify the learning styles of online learners, and analyze the types of instructional methods that are unique to online learning.