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  1. To move a camera and its mount in or out, or when the entire camera is moved toward or away from the subject dolly

  2. ---- is a close-up of something within the scene. For example, after a man looks at his watch, you might see a cut to close-up of the watch where you can clearly see the time. Insert shot

  3. where two scenes momentarily overlap during a transition from one to the other dissolve

  4. To change from black to picture or picture to black fade

  5. Standard motion picture projectors present images at  ---frames per-second.   24

  6. The first film gauge to be standardized was: 35 mm

  7. In the '---------,' a major studio hired a stable of stars and production people to do as many films as they were assigned -- these people were under contract and were not allowed to work for any other studio without permission.  Studio system

  8. The new technology of the 1950s that had a big impact on and caused a huge reduction is movie audiences was -------.  television

  9. Although there is no single route from a story idea becoming a movie, film ideas are typically represented by a(n) --------, which is a summary of what a proposed film is all about, averages about 60 pages for a 90-minute film, and covers the basic story line of the film, the actor roles, and the key locations. treatment

  10. In film script and production terminology, a(n) ---- is an instantaneous change from one scene to the next. cut

  11. In film script and production terminology, a(n) ----- shot indicates that the audience (camera) will see what the character sees. subjective

  12. The dominant radio and TV ratings company. Nielsen

  13. What is found below 92.1 on the FM band? Noncommercial radio

  14. The kind of radio receiver you have if you listen to an analog local over the air radio station but also get information like song title and artist name. RDS (radio data system)

  15. The kind of radio receiver you have if you can listen to an analog, local, over the air radio station but also get a second digital channel of the same programming, and then another channel or two of different digital programming. HD Radio

  16. The kind of radio receiver you have if you can NOT listen to an analog, local, over the air radio stations with it but instead get 100 or more digital channels that you pay about $12.95 a month for. Satellite Radio

  17. Unlike the system established as part of the Radio Conferences from 1922-25 in the U.S., countries like Great Britain created the BBC as a ---- system. public

  18. The ------ is the U.S. broadcasting regulating body, whose purpose is to license stations, and assign station frequencies, call letters, and power limits. FCC (Federal Communication Commission

  19. --- is the the type of broadcast service our reading says takes advantage of ‘sky waves’ while for the most part, FM and TV signals are what are called ---, waves that go in a straight line and don't bend around the earth as AM ground waves do. AM / line of sight

  20. T or F: RCA was more interested in protecting its AM services than helping get FM broadcasting services started in the1930s, and worked against FM radio’s inventor. True

  21. What outcome did the inventor of FM broadcasting end up having related to his dealings with RCA? jumped to his death

  22. Radio Moscow News, BBC World Service and Voice of America are all examples of ------ services. Shortwave (or external)

  23. In relation to the ‘call sign’ of most U.S. broadcast stations whose call letters begin with ‘W’ -- where would they be located geograpically? East of the Mississippi River

  24. The person who is responsible for selecting, planning, and scheduling programming on a radio station is called the -------- .  Program Director

  25. ------ an American engineer, is the person most associated with the invention of TV.   Philo T. Farnsworth

  26. Cable TV (as CATV) started in what decade? 1940s

  27. The introduction of TV as a full program service was delayed by ----- and the introduction of color TV service was delayed by what war? WWII & Korean War

  28. What solution did the FCC introduce to make more TV channels available after they had initiated a four-year freeze on issuing new TV station licenses from 1948-1952?  Introduced UHF TV (channels 13 and above

  29. The present owner of Fox is media tycoon ----------,  an Australian who built a newspaper and TV empire in Europe and Australia, then came to the U.S. Rupert Murdoch

  30. A ------- is the percent of households tuned to a particular program from the total available TV households in a designated area. rating

  31. The reading defines ---- as “the four weeks or so when ratings are done” which, for TV are four-week periods in November, February, May and July. sweeps

  32. As discussed in class ------ is made up of "shows that ran on the networks and are subsequently sold in package deals to local stations" (like the current re-runs of Seinfeld, Friends, and Everybody Loves Raymond). Off network syndication

  33. -------- refers to shows that are being produced right now and sold in package deals directly to local TV stations (like Ellen, Entertainment Tonight, and Wheel of Fortune).  First run syndication

  34. In June 2009, all major broadcast stations (not all low power TV) in the United States switched to --- , improving the technical quality of on-air TV.   DTV (digital TV broadcasting)

  35. Digital over the air TV signals react differently to interference--with poor reception some digital receivers will show a "blocky" video or a garbled picture with significant damage, other receivers may go directly from a perfect picture to no picture at all -- a  phenomenon known as the digital ------ effect.   cliff

  36. ----- satellites are located above the equator and rotate at the same speed as the earth and end up being stationary in relation to the earth's surface, and thus effective as communication signal relays. geosynchronous

  37. Remember, these are examples of questions for the Final Exam -- not all the questions that will be asked on the Final, but are a good place to start studying ... The following come from the last section

  38. ENG stands for ------ . Electronic News Gathering

  39. A chart in the reading shows that about half of the general population now gets its news and information from ----, with ------ the second most used. The Internet / Television

  40. ------ are viewed by about 30% of Internet users and all major news organizations--the writers of them use their web sites to post news they uncover, photos and videos, personal reactions to events, rumors, and even their own personal diaries. blogs

  41. Today, we commonly see the “----” in the covering of television news -- one person doing everything: camera operator, reporter, sound person, and editor. One man band

  42. A ---, as noted in class, is a TV news story where the reporter has pre-shot and edited interviews and ‘b-roll’ and has edited that story so that the reporter tells the entire story after being introduced by the anchor. package

  43. A ---, as noted in class, is a TV news story where the anchor in front of the camera reads the story to viewers, without any video being played while the story is read. Reader (the anchor in this case is called a ‘talking head’

  44. We noted some of these 'elements of news in class, like -------, which says essentially "News is what's new." timeliness

  45. Another element that makes information a possible news story is -----, which means people who are well-known being involved with the event may make it a news story. prominence

  46. The ------- was passed that allows citizens and reporters access to some government documents--but the process of obtaining documents can be fraught with red tape and delays, and key information is often blacked out. Freedom of Information Act

  47. In discussion in class, we said in order to try to deal with trial publicity and making sure a defendant has a fair trial a judge cannot issue a ---- order to the media telling them not to publish information presented at the trial. Gag (also called restrictive)

  48. In discussion in class, we said in order to try to deal with trial publicity and making sure a defendant has a fair trial a judge might ------- the jury to minimize exposure to media coverage, meaning keeping the jury in hotel rooms and not letting them go home during the trial. sequester

  49. In class we also talked about source of news stories, and as the reading notes the --------- wire service is the world's largest newsgathering organization.  AP / Associated Press

  50. We also noted another wire service in class, ------, a British news organization whose stories also show up on U.S. web pages, among other places. Reuters