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IPM and Pesticide Use

IPM and Pesticide Use.

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IPM and Pesticide Use

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  1. IPM and Pesticide Use This IPM training program was developed by a partnership including the U.S. Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Pennsylvania IPM Program, the National Pest Management Association, the National Center for Healthy Housing, and the Regional IPM Centers. Funding was provide by EPA, HUD, CDC, and USDA-NIFA. The materials contained herein present a research-based, balanced, and objective approach to pest management in affordable housing and are intended to be used in their entirety. Any nonobjective or partial use of the materials is not recommended. Products, vendors, or commercial services mentioned or pictured in the trainings or presentations are for illustrative purposes only and are not meant to be endorsements.

  2. Outline • HUDs Guidance on IPM • IPM in Practice • Pesticides

  3. Healthy Homes & IPM • Dry • Clean • Safe • Ventilated • Contaminant-free • Maintained • Thermally-controlled • Pest-free To reduce housing-based health hazards, “keep it”:

  4. What does HUD say about pest control? Real Estate Assessment Center (REAC) • Deficiency: Evidence of rats, mice, cockroaches (droppings, holes) • Infestation: Live roaches, mice or rats; more than one dead roach • Promotion of Integrated Pest Management (PIH 2011-22) • Uniform Physical Condition Standards—for project-based Section 8 properties • Housing Choice Vouchers: Housing Quality Standards (HQS) If you are not familiar with these, look them up at HUD.gov

  5. HUD’s guidance on Integrated Pest Management (2006 & 2011) IPM offers the potential to: • Ensure efficacy of pest elimination • Protect the health of residents, staff and the environment. • Extend the useful life of a building • Generate significant savings that could offset the costs of the pest control IPM effectively eliminates pests in safer and long term cost-effective ways than traditional pesticide treatments.

  6. Typical local housing codes say: • Structures shall be kept free from insect and rodent infestation • Structures in which insects or rodents are found shall be promptly managed by approved processes that will not be injurious to human health • Proper precautions shall be taken to prevent re-infestation • Some cities and municipalities now have laws regarding bed bugs. Know the laws in your community.

  7. IPM does more than control pests Fixing pest entrances helps to weatherize buildings and keep them dry Monitoring for pests allows for early intervention before the problem gets out of hand Educating residents empowers them to improve their housekeeping skills When people learn that they can do something to improve their living conditions, expectations for pest control will rise!

  8. IPM in practice:Documentation is key One IPM log in each building Record: • date • detailed observations • action taken Make sure action is taken promptly

  9. What’s in the IPM log? • Focus unit tracking sheet • Service schedule • Service log • Applicator licenses • Proof of insurance and business registration • Contract/service agreement • Potential notifications/ preparation instructions • Product labels and Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for all pesticides • Educational materials for staff and residents

  10. Find this log at stoppests.org

  11. At first more work, but then less More education, repairs, and monitoring Increased work orders Pests and pest-friendly conditions that were previously overlooked are reported THEN… Fewer complaints Fewer pests A better place to live

  12. Another view • Invest time and materials for repair and education • Protect through exclusion, sanitation, and careful product choice based on least risk to human health and the environment and compatibility with other management practices • Maintain with monitoring, communication, and documentation so that infestations do not grow

  13. What’s a Pesticide? Any substance or mixture of substances intended for: • preventing • destroying • repelling or • mitigating …any pest 

  14. Pesticides • Pesticides should be applied only by a licensed PMP* • The label is the law • EPA does not assess effectiveness, only risk/benefit when used in accordance with the label

  15. Concerns with pesticides • Pests become tolerant of or avoid pesticides • Risk from exposure may outweigh the benefit • Possible harm to pets and wildlife • Certain populations may be especially vulnerable or sensitive to some pesticides: • Elderly, children, pregnant women • People with breathing or lung disorders such as asthma • People with chemical sensitivities

  16. Why do people tolerate exposure to pests and pesticides? • Accustomed to living with problems • Low standards for pest control and maintenance • Other priorities • Not aware of the problems • Cannot envision a better way

  17. Illegal and risky pesticides • Products without an EPA label are illegal • Educate residents on the dangers • Report illegal sales to the EPA or to the state pesticide licensing agency. Unlabeled Mothballs Chinese Chalk Tres Pasitos

  18. San Diego, CA, July 1992 Augusta, GA, March 2008 Washington, DC, August 2008 Total release foggers aka “bug bombs” • Chemicals fail to reach places where cockroaches congregate the most • Leave behind nasty toxic residue in… areas cockroaches generally avoid but which are heavily used by humans and pets

  19. Pesticide risk

  20. Pesticide risk of exposure by application method Less risk of exposure More risk of exposure Tamper- resistant station Gel bait in a crevice Total release fogger

  21. Product use and emergencies National Pesticide Information Center800-858-7378 www.npic.orst.edu Poison Control Center National Hotline 800-222-1222www.aapcc.org

  22. Module review (What will you do now?) Who does what? What’s in your contract? Focus units schedule Service schedule/log Baits not sprays Tools used other than sprays Educational materials for residents • Encourage reporting • Pests • Conditions (leaks, holes) • Turn PMP and resident observations into work orders • Discourage pesticide use by residents • Keep an IPM log • Evaluate effectiveness

  23. Questions?

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