Graduate Study and Career Options in Clinical Psychology Bryan R. Loney, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of Clinical Psychology Florida State University
What is Clinical Psychology? • The field of clinical psychology integrates science, theory, and practice to understand, predict, and alleviate maladjustment, disability, and discomfort as well as to promote human adaptation, adjustment, and personal development.
What is Clinical Psychology? • Clinical Psychology focuses on the cognitive, emotional, social, behavioral, and biological contributors to human functioning across the life span, in varying cultures, and at all socioeconomic levels. • Increasing interdisciplinary and collaborative nature to the science
What Do Clinical Psychologists Do? • Therapy • Assessment • Research • Teaching and Supervision • Program Development and Evaluation • Administration • Consultation • Public Policy
Where Do Clinical Psychologists Work? • Private Practice and Counseling Centers • Individual and/or group therapy • Colleges and universities • Hospitals • Industries / Business • Legal & Governmental Agencies • Military • Managed Healthcare Organizations
Doctorate Degrees • Ph.D. • Doctor of Philosophy • Scientist-Practitioner (or Clinical Science) • Psy.D. • Doctor of Clinical Psychology • Practitioner-Scientist • History of degree • Other options?
Alternatives to PhD Program in Clinical Psychology • Other PhD options • Counseling vs. Clinical • Educational, School, Experimental, Combined… • Developmental • Neuroscience, Social, Cognitive, etc. • Masters Programs • Clinical • Counseling • Mental Health Counseling • School • Experimental • Combined School-Counseling • Social Work • Marriage and Family Therapy • Art Therapy • Etc.
Getting Started • Basic questions • Do I want to do therapy? • Do I want to conduct assessments? • Do I want to do research? • Do I want to teach? • Where do I want to work? • As demonstrated by what? • Overarching importance of faculty advising and mentoring
Masters versus Doctorate? • Trap of seeking letters rather than appropriate amount of training • Breadth of training and issues of flexibility and autonomy • Terminal versus non-terminal masters? • Back to initial questions • Desire to teach? Where? • Investment analogy: Careful planning, preparation, and diversification
Top 5 Tips for Getting into a Ph.D. Clinical Program • Focus on coursework and GPA • Faculty mentoring • Research experience • Volunteer clinical experience • Research Experience • Thoughtful program selection and preparation for standardized testing • Research Experience
Alternatives cont. • Overwhelmed? • Mentoring, the internet, and other resources • A word about application criteria… • Terminal masters degree in psychology • Where do graduates work? • Can they be licensed (state/national)? • Third party reimbursement? • Research requirements? • Don’t lose sight of basic questions…
Books of Interest • American Psychological Association (2006). Graduate study in psychology. Washington, DC: Author. • Sayette, M. A., Mayne, T. J., & Norcross, J. C. (2004/2005). Insider’s guide to graduate programs in clinical and counseling psychology. New York: The Guilford Press. • American Psychological Association (1993). Getting in: A step-by-step plan for gaining admission to graduate school in psychology. Washington, DC: Author.
Web Sites of Interest • American Psychological Association • www.apa.org/students • Careers web site • http://www.psychwww.com • Center for Civic Education and Service • http://www.fsu.edu/~service/ • FSU Department of Psychology • www.psy.fsu.edu