From Alienation to BelongingEphesians 2:11-22 • 1. Realities before Faith in Christ – • AlienationEphesians 2:11,12 • In the past they (Gentiles) were: • 1. Christless: They had no national hope a future Messiah. • 2. Stateless: They did not belong to the theocratic state of Israel. Although some Gentiles were admitted into Judaism as proselytes, Gentiles as a whole were excluded; they were alienated.
3. Friendless: The covenants all pointed to a Messiah and blessing that would come through Him to the Jews. They assured Israel of a national existence, a land, a king and spiritual blessing. The Gentiles did not share in these promises. • 4. Hopeless and Godless: The Gentiles were in a desperate situation. They had no meaning, hope purpose, or direction in life.
Realities Found in Christ – ReconciliationEphesians 2:13-18 • a. Christ created in Himself one new man, thus making peace. This “new humanity” is also called “one body”, the church. In the church, Gentiles do not become Jews, nor do Jews become Gentiles. Instead, believing Jews and Gentiles become Christian believers, a whole new humanity, a single entity.
b. Christ destroyed the enmity between Jews and Gentiles by reconciling both Jews and Gentiles to Himself. Through the cross, Christ put to death the enmity between God and man. • The result of reconciliation between God and man, Jews and Gentiles, is peace (vs. 17,19)
Before Christ’s birth: • Isaiah 9:6 “For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counsellor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.” • At Christ’s birth: • Luke 2:14 “Glory to God in the highest heaven, and on earth peace to those on whom his favour rests.”
On the eve of Christ’s death: • John 14:27 “Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid.” • After His resurrection: • John 20:19,20 “On the evening of that first day of the week, when the disciples were together, with the doors locked for fear of the Jewish leaders, Jesus came and stood among them and said, “Peace be with you!” After he said this, he showed them his hands and side. The disciples were overjoyed when they saw the Lord.” • He is our peace Ephesians 2:14
Saving the best for last (v 18) “For through him we both have access to the Father by one Spirit.” • The “new humanity” is united in four (4) ways: • 1. “The two are made one” • 2. “One new man” is created “out of two” • 3. “in this one body both are reconciled” • 4. “both” have access ... by one Spirit”.
Realities of This New Body in Christ Belonging Ephesians 2:19-22 • This “new race”, this third race, this “new humanity”, this body reconciled to God and each other, is now described using three graphics: • God’s City (v 19a) • Citizenshipwas a source of great pride in the ancient world. • God’s Family (v19b) ...“God’s household” • Family, like marriage, speaks of intimacy. We as Christians have one Father.
God’s Temple (vs 20-22) • As a building it consists of: • A Foundation (v. 20) • i. Apostles • ii. Prophets • iii. Christ, the Chief Cornerstone • b. A Formation (v.21) • c. A Function (v.22)