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Learning Agriculture Through Supervised Experiences. Gary Briers and John Hall AGSC 327 Spring 2009. Today’s Objectives. Discuss the philosophy and the theory that support SAEs List primary purposes of SAEs Describe benefits of SAEs Define the major types of SAEs Identify potential SAEs.
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Learning Agriculture Through Supervised Experiences Gary Briers and John Hall AGSC 327 Spring 2009
Today’s Objectives • Discuss the philosophy and the theory that support SAEs • List primary purposes of SAEs • Describe benefits of SAEs • Define the major types of SAEs • Identify potential SAEs
Philosophy of SAE • Pragmatism (primarily) • Peirce, James, and Dewey • What we do has a practical use/purpose; it works! • Realism (science) • Existentialism (do your thing) • Idealism (strive for perfection)
Learning Theory Supporting SAE • Experiential learning • Learning by doing • Permanent learning • W. H. Lancelot • Primary principles of interest • Cone of experience • Edgar Dale • Direct, purposeful experiences
Where did the idea of SAE originate—directly and historically? • Rufus W. Stimson • Father of the “home project” • Home project reinforced classroom instruction and provided practice • Massachusetts, 1900s
Do SAEs have LEGISLATIVE roots? • Smith-Hughes Act of 1917 • “… directed or supervised practice in agriculture, either on a farm provided by the school or other farm, for at least six months per year.”
What are the purposes of SAE? • Promote / cause learning! • Apply concepts learned in class. • Develop technical skills related to career success. • Develop good personal habits and responsibility. • Develop record keeping skills.
Program vs. Project (SAEP) • P is for PROGRAM • Activity vs. Records • No records without the activity • Practice/Application vs. Learning • Is there any debate?
What are the benefits of SAEs—to the student? • Contextualize learning (relevance). • Help make career choices. • Develop critical thinking and problem-solving skills. • Expand technical competence. • Gain valuable experience. • Earn money. • Qualify for FFA degrees and awards.
What are the benefits of SAEs—to the teacher? • Improve school/community relations. • Enhance classroom instruction. • Provide real-world application of content (“teachable moments”). • Increase interest of students. • Promote parental involvement. • Developpublicawarenessoftheprogram. • Provide for year-round instruction.
What are the types of SAEPs? • Entrepreneurial (ownership) • Student owns all or part of the enterprise(s). • Examples: • Animal production enterprise • Lawn care business • Vegetable production enterprise • Web-design business
What are the types of SAEPs? • Placement • Student works for an agricultural business/operation—paid or not. • Examples: • Work on a farm or ranch. • Work at a feed store. • Work at a tree nursery. • Work for a web-design business.
What are the types of SAEPs? • Exploratory • Student undertakes activities to explore a job or a career. • Examples: • Shadow a veterinarian. • Prepare a report on a job or a PPT on a career. • Visit a college to talk about a major. • Interviewthemanagerofafloral shop.
What are the types of SAEPs? • Improvement • Student undertakes a project to improve the community,school,home. • Examples: • Landscape school grounds. • Rewire an implement shed. • Tile the kitchen floor. • Build a new composting bin. • Paint the four-wheeler trailer.
References Moore, G. E. (n.d.). Why SAE? Powerpoint Presentation from AAE 322. Raleigh: North Carolina State University. National Council for Agricultural Education. (1992). Experiencing agriculture: A handbook for supervised agricultural experience. Newcomb, L. H., McCracken, J. D., Warmbrod, J. R., & Whitington, M. S. (2004). Methods of teaching agriculture (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.