RichardRodgers Kim Palmer
Richard Rodgers Richard Rodgers
The Sound of “His” Music has been Beloved for over 80 years Greatest composers of American Musical Comedy
Brought forth a Melodious Revolution With 2 of America’s Great Lyricists LorenzHart OscarHammerstein
His Legendary Partners Rodgers & Hart Rodgers & Hammerstein
OVER 60 YEARS OF accomplishments
Rodgers is one of only two people to have won an Oscar, a Grammy, an Emmy, a Tony, and a Pulitzer Prize.
Born in 1902New York City at 4 years old he would play by ear with one finger
1917: Rodgers gives first amateur musical production One Minute Please Only 15 years old
1920: Columbia University marks the beginning of a great friendship Rodgers and Hart
1925- 1943 with Hart 1925 1937 1940
1949: South Pacific Mary Martin performing “Wash that Man right out of my Hair”
1945: Carousel Opening scenefor Carousel 1945
1957: The Sound Of Music Mary Martin (Maria) and Theodore Bikel (Captain von Trapp) in the Original Broadway Production
Collector of Art and more…. The Road To Versailles to Louveciennes, 1879. A gift in 1964 to the Metropolitan Museum of Art Richard Rodgers Autobiography Musical Stages In1964 Rodgers presents an Amphitheater to New York City
One of His Final Shows… REX Composer Richard Rodgers, left, begins prepares for the opening of his newest musical “REX”, which stars Nicol Williamson, center, and Penny Fuller on Jan. 19, 1976 in New York City.
March 27, 1990 Richard was honored with Broadway's highest honor when the 46th Street Theatre was renamed The Richard Rodgers Theater
He is the stuff Legends are made of Richard Rodgers 1902-1979
Richard Rodgers Composition Guide
Listening GuidesPlease click on Song Title for link in Rhapsody to song
The Sound Of Music 0-1:00Common 4/4 Time, timbre is bright and dynamics crescendo from p-soft to f-forte, at :48 listen for the texture of clarinets mimic a descending 4 note imitation of Julie Andrews 1:00-2:00 1:02 begins 2nd musical phrase and form is repetitious. The melody repeats with descending contours. 1:44 cadence begins and dynamics crescendo to f-forte. Orchestra in harmony with vocals 2:00-2:46 2:04-Form repeats with clarinets playing 4 notes descending imitation of voice. 2:14 Coda at “My heart will be blessed” 2:17 orchestra in harmony with triplets with the words "music”
Edelweiss 0-1:00 Introduction in ¾ time or triple meter with guitar playing a chord p-softly and tempo moderato for 4 measures. Melody is arch contour, with harmony consonance. At :40 timbre changes with violins playing pp and gradually crescendo to p-soft. 0:46 Cadence with “bloom and grow forever” 1:00-2:001:11 the song is repeats, 1:13 in a duet now with imitation, or repetition of the melody phrase in a different key for the words "Edelweiss". Texture is homorythmic. Coda 1:53 with final phrase. Tempo slows 2:00-2:16The harmony of the guitar and violins continue in unison with the voice and are consonance, pleasing. The final chord is played arpeggio, one at a time to bring the song to an end at 2:16
Do-Re-Mi 0-1:00 2/4 time duple meter, introduction with 4 measures of 1/8 notes with octave span back and forth.The melody is conjunct, with small intervals of movement. The rhythm is allegretto, which is moderately quick. At 0:19 the children sing in unison with imitation, repeating the same phrase as Maria. "do-re-mi". The dynamics are still p-soft. 0:30 begins the ascending Major scale with "Do-re-mi-fa-so-la-ti-do" The texture continues in unison with the clarinets and vocals and the dynamics crescendo to mf- mezzo forte. 1:00-2:00 1:28 the timbre and texture change with the children joining her singing in unison the rest of the chorus. The dynamics show a poco crescendo as it increases little by little to mf- mezzo forte 2:00-3:00 2:09 The pace continues to increase to the final assention of the G major scale by pitch with a soft pinging of the triangle . The texture is polyphonic. 2:31- the children sing in unison an imitation- repeating what Maria just sang. The dynamics remain f-loud and the melody in conjunct with the rhythm still in duple meter and the tempo is moderate. At 2:50 The timbre changes with the children being joined by the orchestra again. The texture is polyphonic and the dynamics increase to mf very loud and are very bright and lively.
Do-Re-Mi continued… 2:00-3:00 2:09 The pace continues to increase to the final assention of the G major scale by pitch with a soft pinging of the triangle . The texture is polyphonic. 2:31- the children sing in unison an imitation- repeating what Maria just sang. The dynamics remain f-loud and the melody in conjunct with the rhythm still in duple meter and the tempo is moderate. At 2:50 The timbre changes with the children being joined by the orchestra again. The texture is polyphonic and the dynamics increase to mf very loud and are very bright and lively. 3:00-4:00 3:11The texture changes with the sound of flutes and snare drums in the background fluttering with the tempo of vivace- lively and fast. 3:28 a descending cadence of percussion to end the phrase joins in to end this verse. 4:00-5:00 4:07 begins the phrase of the pitches "do-re-mi…" in an arch contour, first ascending up, then descending back down in the same fashion. The harmony and dynamics remains the same. 4:15 the timbre changes when you hear the xylophone played in unison Coda -4:39 begins with the chorus sung for the 5th time. 5:00-5:32 The familiar repetition of the orchestra continues in harmony with the vocals. At 5:25 the final crescendo to C to sing "Do!" is ff very loud. to end at 5:32.
My Favorite Things 0-1:00 ¾ time, tempo allegro-animato, Verse 1 begins with only Maria's voice saying "raindrops on roses..." followed by violins plucking the three quarter notes in imitation. 0:31 verse 3 , At 0:46 the timbre changes as the horns play in unison with the phrase "When the dog bites…" is sung as the contour descends from a B to an E . 1:00-2:00 1:02 timbre changes as the orchestra is playing the melody without vocals. The texture remains polyphonic,1:41 the horns sound off in unison in prelude to the next verse for 4 measures 1:44 repeat of verse 3 begins. 1:58 Coda- Final Verse 4 dynamics change to in mf- medium strong 2:00-2:19 2:07- trumpets sound off again with 5 ascending 1/8 notes to bring the vocals to the last "so bad". " bad" is held for a final 9 measures while the orchestra does the finale of triads in 4 inverted arch contours with the final two triads ascending an octave for the final note of sf-subito forte which stands for the sudden or strong loud end at 2:19.
Bibliography 1. " Richard Charles Rodgers." 2012. Biography.com 06 Feb 2012, 08:43 http://www.biography.com/people/richard-rodgers-37431 2. "Richard Rodgers." 2012. Performing Songwriter.com January 2002, Issue 59 by Paul Zollo; http://performingsongwriter.com/richard-rodgers/ 3. Alec Wilder, American Popular Song: The Great Innovators- 1900-1950 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1972) 4. Alden Whitman, "Richard Rodgers Is Dead at Age 77", The New York Times December 31, 1979 1. Song Meanings at Songfacts. Web. 4 Feb. 2012. <http://www.songfacts.com/>. 2.Jack Doyle, “The Sound of Money, 2009,”PopHistoryDig.com, June 24, 2009. 3. Richard Charles Rodgers." 2012. Biography.com 07 Feb 2012, 12:51 http://www.biography.com/people/richard-rodgers-37431