REFERENDUM • A referendum is a process to stay a law recently enacted by the general assembly until the law itself can be submitted to the voters for approval or rejection at a general election. • Total signatures = 6% of last gubernatorial • 44 of 88 counties • 3% of that county’s gubernatorial total • Signers are registered voters
Matters not subject to referendum are • Laws providing for tax levies • Appropriations • Emergency laws necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health or safety
RECALLS (in Ohio) • Elected officials of counties, cities, towns, townships and villages • Signatures required must equal at least 15 percent of the total votes cast at the most recent municipal election • Does not apply to school board members • No recall for state and federal level officials
INTIATIVES • A procedure by which voters can propose an issue to be decided by the legislature or by the people in a referendum. • IN OHIO: Initiated Statutesand Initiated Constitutional Amendments
Like Referendums and Recalls, certain numbers of signatures based on percentages of the vote in the last election are required.
Coattail Effect Reverse (or negative) Coattail Effect