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Chapter 2 PowerPoint Presentation

Chapter 2

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Chapter 2

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  1. Chapter 2 Economics and theImpact of Tourism The Impact of Hospitality& Tourism Why Do People Travel?

  2. Chapter Objectives • Explain the economic multiplier. • Define sustainable tourism. • Identify the different areas impacted by tourism. • Explain the cyclical nature of travel. • Describe business and pleasure travel. • Explain the different motives for travel.

  3. Economic Social andCultural Environmental Effects of Hospitality & Tourism Travel, tourism, and hospitality have numerous effects on the world. Section 2.1

  4. Economic Impact The development of infrastructure that supports the needs of travelers helps to create jobs. infrastructure the physical components of a destination, such as hotels, restaurants, roadways, and transportation, that support tourism Section 2.1

  5. Economic Impact $ $ $ Tourist Dollars Infrastructure BusinessGrowth $ $ TaxRevenue Jobs $ Section 2.1 6

  6. Economic Impact The economic multiplier depends on how much money tourists spend per year and how much leakage there is offshore. economic multiplier the process of how money filters through a local economy and is spent and re-spent, creating income for other businesses leakage tourists dollars spent on imported goods so that revenue ends up in foreign economies Section 2.1

  7. Economic Impact Economic Impact of Travel in the United States Travel expenditures $545.5 billion Travel-generated payroll $157.0 billion $93.2 billion Travel-generated tax revenue Travel surplus $5.5 billion Travel-generated employment 7.2 million jobs Section 2.1 8

  8. Globalization and Tourism In the past 50 years, the world has experienced globalization. globalization the increasing integration of the world economy Continued growth in hospitality and tourism depends on responsibly protecting and maintaining human and natural resources. Section 2.1

  9. Globalization and Tourism Businesses and governments must create sustainable tourism. sustainable tourism tourism that allows a destination to support both local residents and tourists without compromising future generations Section 2.1

  10. Social and Cultural Impact Failure to protect unique cultures and established social customs can destroy the appeal of a destination. Section 2.1

  11. Social and Cultural Impact Tourists help cultures by trading cultural influences and creating interest in exploring cultures. Tourists can harm a culture by inadvertently creating unrealistic expectations of wealth. Section 2.1

  12. Environmental Impact Negative impacts from tourism occur when visitors’ use of a resource is greater than the destination’s ability to handle that usage. Section 2.1

  13. Environmental Impact WaterResources LandResources VisualPollution WasteDisposal NoisePollution Section 2.1 14

  14. Environmental Impact Tourism development can cause aesthetic pollution. aesthetic pollution the spoiling or contamination of the natural beauty and features of an environment due to poor planning and design of tourism projects Section 2.1

  15. Environmental Impact Tourism can also affect an environment positively. Revenues generated from park entrance fees and similar sources can help pay for the protection and management of sensitive environments. Section 2.1

  16. Growth Sometimes Renewal Maturation Decline Cyclical Nature of Travel Introduction Section 2.1 17

  17. Cyclical Nature of Travel During the introduction stage of the destination life cycle, tourists begin to discover a new destination and word quickly spreads among the venturers of the world. venturers travelers who tend to be the first to discover a new, unspoiled destination Section 2.1

  18. Cyclical Nature of Travel A destination in the mature stage of the life cycle is visited by dependables. dependables travelers who prefer familiarity and creature comforts and seldom try anything new or different Section 2.1

  19. Continuing Hospitality & Tourism Influences Renewal and reinvestment can help prolong and continue the positive or negative effects of travel, tourism, and hospitality on destinations. Section 2.1

  20. 2.1 What is the economic multiplier? Why is sustainable tourism important? What is one positive and one negative impact of tourism? 1. 2. 3. Section 2.1

  21. The Reasons for Travel The most common reasons for travel are: • Business commitments • Family occasions • Leisure Hospitality and tourism professionals study these reasons in order to adapt products and services to their customers’ needs. Section 2.2

  22. Business Travel Business travel usually occurs during the week, not on the weekend, and can involve multiple destinations and methods of travel. business travel travel for the sole purpose of conducting an individual’s or company's business Section 2.2

  23. Business Travel Challenges of business travel include: • Stress • Time changes • Long absences from home • Language or cultural barriers Section 2.2

  24. Business Travel Incentives for business travel include: • Frequent-flyer miles • Travel in business or first class on airlines • Favored treatment at car rental companies and hotels Section 2.2

  25. Business Travel A branch of business travel is meeting and incentive travel. meeting and incentive travel business travel by employees to attend a business meeting or as a reward for having met or exceeded company goals Section 2.2

  26. Business Travel A meeting planner has a variety of responsibilities: meeting planner a person who organizes and plans a meeting • Find a site for a meeting • Make travel arrangements • Coordinate meeting space, hotel rooms, and meals • Schedule speakers and multimedia services • Handle registration Section 2.2

  27. Pleasure Travel When traveling for pleasure, some people engage in VFR travel. VFR travel travel for the purpose of visiting friends or relatives The needs of people who engage in leisure travel can be more complex. leisure travel travel for the sole purpose of enjoyment Section 2.2

  28. Travel Motive Theories Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and Plog’s psychographic analysis are two theories that can help explain traveler behavior. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs a theory that explains what motivates people to act in certain ways or make certain decisions Section 2.2

  29. Travel Motive Theories Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Self-actualization Most self-fulfilling needs Self-esteem Recognition Safety and security Most basic needs Physiological needs Section 2.2 30

  30. Travel Motive Theories Stanley Plog developed Plog’s psychographic analysis to describe two types of travelers: • Venturers • Seek out unspoiled destinations and explore without using tourist services • Dependables • Prefer creature comforts and seldom try anything new or foreign Section 2.2

  31. Travel Motive Theories When asked by a team of Plog researchers why they traveled, most Americans gave the following answers: • To get rid of stress • To enrich perspective on life • To bring family closer together • To do what they wanted, when they wanted • To feel alive and energetic Section 2.2

  32. Travel Online The Internet has changed the way people fly, rent, make reservations, and relax. Operating an e-tail business on an electronic channel—the Web—can be costly, due to design, delivery, returns, and operating expenses. Though Many larger dot-com companies crashed in the 1990’s, small stores like Harris Cyclery of West Newton, Massachusetts, actually increase sales using a basic Web site. Today, a third of Harris’s bicycle business rides in on the Web to get hard-to-find parts and personal service. Describe an e-business’s home page to your class after viewing one through In 2002, researchers found that 59 million people in the United States made online travel purchases. With so many online travel options, user friendliness and low rates keep travel Web sites competitive. For more information, go to Section 2.2 33

  33. 2.2 What are three needs of the business traveler? What are a venturer and a dependable? What are some of the motivations for travel? 1. 2. 3. Section 2.2

  34. 1. 2. 3. 4. The economic multiplier is the process by which tourist money filters through a local economy and is spent and re-spent, creating income for other businesses. Globalization is the increasing integration of the world economy. Sustainable tourism is tourism that allows a destination to support both local residents and tourists without compromising future generations. It is important because it protects the future of the industry in that area. Tourism impacts many aspects of a destination, including economic, social and cultural, and environmental conditions. Checking Concepts • Explain two factors that determine the amount of the economic multiplier. • Define globalization. • Explain the importance of sustainable tourism. • Identify aspects impacted by tourism. continued

  35. 5. 6. 7. The first two phases of a tourist destination’s life cycle are (1) introduction, during which tourists begin to discover the location, and (2) growth, during which development, such as the building of new facilities, occurs to attract more tourists. Business travel is done for the sole purpose of conducting a person’s or company’s business. Travel for pleasure is done to visit friends and relatives or for enjoyment. Plog’s psychographic analysis helps to determine people’s travel preferences. It places individuals on a continuum ranging from venturer to dependable, based on their answers to a series of questions about values, beliefs, and lifestyles. Checking Concepts • Describe the first two phases of a destination’s life cycle. • Explain the difference between travel for business and for pleasure. • Define Plog’s psychographic analysis. continued

  36. 8. The reasons for travel identified by Plog researchers include reducing stress; enriching perspectives on life; bringing family closer together; doing what you want when you want; and feeling alive and energetic. Checking Concepts Critical Thinking • Explain at least three reasons for travel provided by Plog researchers.

  37. End of