Download
slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
PowerPoint Presentation PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
PowerPoint Presentation

PowerPoint Presentation

120 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

PowerPoint Presentation

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. PowerPointPresentation PublisherThe Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.Tinley Park, Illinois 1

  2. Chapter 13 The Floor Plan 2

  3. The Floor Plan • Thefloor plan is the heart of a set of construction drawings. • All tradeworkers refer to the floor plan. • Usually the first drawing completed. • The basis for many other plans. • Actually a section drawing. • Keep the floor plan clean and uncluttered. 3

  4. Required Information • Information that should be included on the floor plan includes: • Location of Exterior and interior walls. • Size and location of windows and doors. • Location of Stairs. • Room names. • Materials used (Material symbols). • Location and size dimensions. (continued) 4

  5. Required Information • Drawing scale. • Built-in cabinets and appliances. • Location of Permanent fixtures. • Location of Fireplaces and Chimneys. • Walks, patios, and decks. • Related structures are frequently included. 5

  6. Location and Size of Walls • Walls should be drawn actual thickness. • Since the floor plan is a section drawing hatch patterns (symbols) should be used to indicate materials. 6

  7. Wall Material Symbols 7

  8. Windows and Doors • Use a centerline to locate the opening for windows and doors in frame walls. • Dimension to the side of the opening in a masonry wall. • Openings for windows are sash width. • Openings for doors are actual width. • Door swing should be indicated. 8

  9. Window and Door Location • Windows and doors should be located in a frame wall using a centerline. Door swing is also shown. 9

  10. Stairs and Fireplaces • Only information about the basic size and location of stairs and chimneys needs to be recorded on the floor plan. • For stairs, show direction of flight, number of risers, and width of stairs. • For a chimney, show basic depth and width, opening design, and location. 10

  11. Stairs on Floor Plan • Information about a set of stairs that is usually included on the floor plan. 11

  12. Walks, Patios, and Decks • Several outside features are usually included on the floor plan. • Walks, patios, and decks are examples. • Indicate size and materials on the plan. • Consider these elements as part of the total plan. 12

  13. Room Names • Room names help communicate the plan to others. • Room names should be 3/16" high. • Room names should be in the center of the room. 13

  14. Material Symbols • Material symbols or material hatchpatterns are used to denote each material. • Use a material symbol whenever the material should be identified. • If the symbol is not a standard one, identify it. 14

  15. Material Symbols 15

  16. Material Symbols 16

  17. Dimensioning • Dimensions on a floor plan show size and location of the features. • Proper placement of dimensions requires good judgment. • Locate dimensions where one would logically look for them. • In architectural drafting, dimension lines are continuous lines with the dimension figure placed above the line. 17

  18. Dimensioning • Dimension figures are always parallel to the dimension line (aligned). • Be consistent with the type of termination symbol used for dimension lines. • Move dimension lines out from drawing. • Space dimension lines 1/4" or 3/8" apart. • Make leaders no longer than 2". 18

  19. Dimensioning • Dimensions are recorded in feet and inches. • Feet and inch marks may be omitted. • Dimensions less than 1' are usually indicated as 1/2", 2", 6", etc. • Dimension interior frame walls to the center of the wall. • Dimension exterior frame walls to the outside of the stud wall. 19

  20. Dimensioning • Recommended method of dimensioning frame wall construction. 20

  21. Dimensioning • Solid masonry walls (cast concrete, block, brick, or stone) are usually dimensioned as shown. 21

  22. Dimensioning • Brick veneer walls are dimensioned to the outside of the stud wall. • Solid masonry walls are dimensioned to the outside of the wall. • Overall dimensions are needed to provide the total length and width of the structure or major parts of the structure. 22

  23. Dimensioning • Add up partial dimensions to be sure they equal the overall dimensions. • Notes are often necessary to present information that cannot be represented by dimensions or symbols. • Notes should be read from the bottom of the sheet. 23

  24. Scale and Sheet Identification • Residential floor plans are usually drawn at 1/4" = 1'-0". • C-size paper is generally large enough. • Number the sheets in the package. • Sheet 1 of 6, 2 of 6, etc., works well. • Sheet numbers should be placed in the lower right-hand corner. 24