Timeline of the Crusades 1095 to 1291
1291 1192 Timeline 1187 1187-1192 1144 1147-1149 1098 1099 1096 1097 1095
Pope Urban II Urban preaches at the council of Clermont
Pope Urban II The Council at Clermont
The First Crusade The first crusade was joined by men, women and children all intent on making a pilgrimage to the Holy Land.
Crusaders Arrive in Constantinople The crusaders arrive in Constantinople which is the agreed upon rendezvous point.
The Nicean Creed Nicea was the first city the Crusaders encountered. It had only been under Turkish Islamic rule for 20 years. The Crusaders returned this city to Byzantine rule , fulfilling their promise to Alexius I
Crusaders surounding Nicea Timeline
The Siege of Antioch The siege of Antioch lasted for 9 months. The Crusaders were able to enter the city after a betrayal by one of the city’s guards. Antioch had religious significance to the Crusaders.
The Siege of Antioch The treatment of the original citizens of Antioch was especially brutal. Timeline
Maarat Al-Noman The crusaders were especially brutal in Maarat Al-Noman. Their own historians reported incidences of cannibalism . Chroniclers, such as Radulph of Caen, who participated to the siege of Maarat, describe such scenes without a hint of moral justification: "In Ma'arra our troops boiled pagan adults in cooking-pots; they impaled children on spits and devoured them grilled."
War Atrocities Crusaders throwing the heads of Muslims during a battle Timeline
Jerusalem Even today the walls of Jerusalem remain very high.
Jerusalem Crusaders taking Jerusalem The Crusaders used a siege tower to breach the high wall of Jerusalem.
Imad Il-Din Zengi Retaking Edessa Timeline
The Second Crusade On this Crusade Kings were persuaded to join the holy cause. The most important of which was Louis VII
Salah Il-Din Saladin was a Kurdish general under NoorIlDinZengi He was very ambitious. After consolidating all of Egypt under his command, he wanted to take Syria from Noor Il-Din. When Noor Il-Din dies, Salah Il-Din is able to unify Egypt and Syria.
Hattin Modern day picture of the site of the Battle of Hattin One of the mort decisive Battles of all time.
Retaking Jerusalem After the Battle of Hattin, Saladin was able to enter Jerusalem peacefully. Unlike the Crusader conquest 90 years earlier, Saladin was able to enter without bloodshed.
After Salah Il-Din's Victories Crusader holdings were a fraction of what they once were. Timeline
Before the 3rd Crusade The main objective was to recapture Jerusalem but to do that they needed a foot hold on the coast. They chose to attack Acre in Northern Palestine,
Siege Of Acre 3rd Crusade The objective was to get Jerusalem back Timeline
Truce Negotiations Salah Il Din and Richard I negotiate a truce Timeline
Acre Acre returns to the Muslims in 1291 Timeline