Child CPR • A child is considered any person between the ages of 1 and 8. • Differences in child CPR versus adult CPR • Perform CPR for 2 minutes before calling 911 if you are alone. • Compress the chest approximately 2 in. • Compressions can be performed with one hand.
Infant CPR • An infant is considered anyone under the age of 1. • Differences between adult CPR and infant CPR • Compressions are done with 2-3 fingers • Compress 1½ inches deep • When giving breaths, cover both the nose and the mouth of the infant with your mouth. • Give CPR for 2 minutes before calling 911 if alone. • Pulse is taken on the arm at the brachial artery. • Begin compressions if the pulse is under 60 bpm. • During two rescuer CPR compression to breathe rate is 15:2.
AED Child and Infant • If Child pads are not present, use adult pads and make sure they do not touch
Adult/Child Choking • Abdominal thrusts • Stand behind the individual. • Make a fist with one hand and place it thumb side up just above the navel of the victim. • Wrap the other hand on top and thrust forcefully inward and upward. • Repeat this until the object is free from blocking the air way or until the person becomes unconscious. If they become unconscious follow the steps of CPR.
Self Thrusts • Can be performed on a chair • Use the chair and your body weight to simulate the thrusting action
Infant CPR/Choking • An infant should be held with one hand with the body resting across the forearm and thumb and index finger around the jar/head for support. • 5 Back Blows should be administered with the heel of the hand followed by 5 chest compressions with 2-3 fingers.
Infant Choking cont. • Continue with 5 back blows and 5 chest thrusts until the baby begins coughing, the object is forced out, of the baby becomes unconscious. • If the baby becomes unconscious the steps for infant CPR should be followed.
Situational • Each group will be given a situation and a mannequin. • Each group will receive time to think about their plan of action and the steps they will take. • Each group will write out their steps and present their steps to the class. • Each member has to have at least one active part in the presentation.
What do you do? • Group 1- An infant puts a toy in his mouth and begins wheezing. • Group 2- A child is unconscious on the ground. • Group 3- An adult is coughing loudly and is saying that he is choking. • Group 4- A child is playing and collapses. Two people at the scene are CPR certified and willing to act. • Group 5- An adult is holding his throat and can not make any noise • Group 6- An adult is walking in a park and collapses. Two people at the scene are CPR certified and willing to act. • Group 7- You come across a car crash scene. The person has blood on their mouth, but the scene seems safe to enter otherwise.