Erikson’s Stages of Development - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Erikson’s Stages of Development

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  1. Erikson’s Stages of Development • Trust vs. mistrust • Birth to 1 year • Treatment by caregivers creates trust in a good world • Autonomy vs. shame and doubt • 1 to 2 years • Child is allowed to make independent decisions or is made to feel ashamed/full of doubt about own decisions • Initiative vs. guilt • 3 to 6 years • Child either develops own purpose/direction or is made to feel guilty by overly controlling caregivers

  2. Erikson’s Stages of Development • Industry vs. inferiority • 6 to 11 years • Child either feels competent working with others or inferior • Identity vs. role confusion • Adolescence • Adolescent either grasps sense of identity or becomes confused about possible future roles as adult • Intimacy vs. isolation • Young adulthood (ages 20 to 40) • Forming deep/intimate relationships with others or becoming socially isolated

  3. Erikson’s Stages of Development • Generativity vs. self-absorption/stagnation • Middle adulthood (ages 40 to 65) • Determining what to leave behind for future generations or failing to grasp a sense of meaning in life • Integrity vs. despair • Late adulthood (ages 65 and up) • Feeling that life was worthwhile or feeling despair about one’s life and fearing death