Library Essentials: creating the library appropriate to the needs of students in the 21st century Mary Manning School Library Association of Victoria Sandy Phillips Victorian Education Channel Manager Department of Education & Training, Victoria
The Victorian Essential Learning StandardsA new approach to organising curriculum
This curriculum approach addresses • The economic and social changes associated with the development of our global, knowledge-based world and their implications for schools, and • The growing evidence base about how people learn and its implications for teaching that works
A move away from increased content towards:- • A student-centred approach • Developing the learner who can apply their knowledge beyond the classroom to new and different situations • Autonomous learners
The Players • Teachers • 1940s, 1950s, 1960s • Print generation • Socialise in restaurants • News, current affairs, reading, holidays, Parkinson/ Oprah • Aliens in an online world • “Technology as a second language” Students • 1980s, 1990s, 2000s • Net Generation • Socialise online • Chat, SMS, games, simulations • At ease in immersive worlds
Speaker’s Note To succeed beyond the compulsory years of schooling, all students need to develop these three capacities. The three organising principles of the VELS are derived from these three explicitly stated purposes. Together they help to answer the broad question about the kind of young people we want our schools to nurture.
Three components • The processes of physical, personal and social development and growth • The branches of learning reflected in the traditional disciplines; and • The interdisciplinary capacities needed for effective functioning within and beyond school (we like it already!!)
Three strands • Physical, Personal and Social Learning • Discipline-based Learning • Interdisciplinary Learning
Balance and equality • Knowledge, skills and behaviours in each of the three strands • Together the three strands provide the basis for students to develop deep understanding • An ability to take their learning and apply it to new and different circumstances • The disciplines are related to the other strands in a new and integrated manner
Novice learners to expert learners!The development involves: • Noticing features and meaningful patterns of information • Acquiring content knowledge that is organised in ways to reflect a deep understanding • Applying knowledge in ways appropriate to context rather than exercising one’s memory • Approaching new situations in flexible ways • Autonomous learners
What is different? What is the same? Interdisciplinary Learning /ICT Discipline-based Learning Physical, Personal and Social Learning Discipline-based Learning
What does this mean? Greater recognition of the personal and social skills Greater recognition of the cross curriculum skills Statewide standards in these.
Implications for school libraries • Skills that have never been explicitly stated before are now acknowledged and standards stated • Interdisciplinary skills and behaviours are of equal value to discipline skills and knowledge • A whole school approach is necessary for planning • Integration and collaboration required • Focus on what is essential for expert or autonomous learning
Things to consider • Collaborative approaches (planning teams) • Novice to expert learner (independent research skills) • Transferability of learning • Student-centred approach (learning styles) • Thinking skills (strategies) • Assessment (formative) • Rich ICT learning environment LEADERSHIP
Learning as Teachers Five stages of Integration: Foundation Integrated Innovative Transformative Leadership !
ICT • focuses on providing students with the tools to transform their learning and to enrich their learning environment. • develop new thinking and learning skills that produce creative and innovative insights • communicate locally and globally to solve problems and to share knowledge
Thinking The study of thinking enables students to acquire strategies for thinking related to enquiry, processing information, reasoning, problem solving, evaluation and reflection. Thinking validates existing knowledge and enables individuals to create new knowledge and to build ideas and make connections between them.
Personal Learning • Learners are most successful when they are mindful of themselves as learners and thinkers within a learning community. This domain provides students with the knowledge, skills and behaviours to be successful learners both at school and throughout their lives. • Self-motivation • Engagement • Responsibility for one’s own learning • A “connected” global citizen
The Online World • Supporting Global & Personal Learning
The Online World • Supporting Thinking & Creativity BLOGGING Literature
The Online World Supporting different Learning Styles Movie Life in the trenches Virtual Tour Life in the trenches Timeline: Persecution and Genocide Under the Nazis 1933 - 1945 iMovie creations “We didn’t start the fire” Educator designed activity Springfield USA
Scaffolding for Thinking • Hotlist/ Web Hunts • List of sites • Theme/ Topic Based • Fact Finding • Reporting back • WebQuest – Real Ones!!! • Problem-solving • Critical thinking • Team building and team work • Persistence • Creative and lateral thinking
We Didn’t start the fire WebQuest – Create Thinking • Hotlist/ Web Hunts • Groups / Individual • “Surf the net” • Fact Finding • Discussion • Reporting back Open Questions What had global impact? Why? What criteria was used? Debate Transformative Thinking What would feature in a song/ Rap from Aust/ NZ / HK Creative Thinking Maybe create one The song ends in 1982 what significant events would you feature in the iMOVIE? Create Personal Learning / Reflection What events in your life have been significant?
WebQuests • Best WebQuests www.bestwebquests.com TOM MARCH • Bendigo Senior Secondary College LISA HAYMAN
Webquest of the Year SLAV / Education Channel The Way Things Work Catering for camp China’ s Great Inventions Competition for this Year – Collaboration
In the words of Stephen Heppell Let us be the Leaders to … ……the environment needed to fast track everyone towards the kind of delightful, engaging, seductive, stretching, changing environment that our young learners need. Commonwealth Education Ministers Conference Prof Stephen HeppellNovember 28th 2000 http://rubble.heppell.net/ccem/nova.html