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Microfinance & Socially Responsible Investing How Do the Two Intersect? PowerPoint Presentation
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Microfinance & Socially Responsible Investing How Do the Two Intersect?

Microfinance & Socially Responsible Investing How Do the Two Intersect?

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Microfinance & Socially Responsible Investing How Do the Two Intersect?

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  1. Microfinance & Socially Responsible Investing How Do the Two Intersect? Socially Responsible Investing – Here & Abroad Sanjay Sinha, Microcredit Enterprises June 26, 2009

  2. Agenda • World of Poverty • What is Microfinance • SRI as a Funding Model for Microfinance • Microcredit Enterprises Business Model • Concluding Remarks

  3. Multidimensional Face of Poverty P O V E R T Y Material Deprivation (Low Food Consumption/Poor Housing) Low Human Develop. Lack of Voice Acute Vulnerability to Adverse Shocks (Illness, Economic Crisis, Natural Disaster

  4. Our Global Village If there were only 100 people in the entire world…

  5. Our Village has Neighborhoods • One neighborhood has 61 Asians • Another has 13 Africans • 12 Europeans are in towns • 8 Hispanics live in a barrio • 5 Americans in the suburbs

  6. 63 of Us Have Jobs; 37 Do Not

  7. 33 People in our Village Live in Poor Housing

  8. 18 Villagers Do Not Have Safe, Clean Water in their Homes

  9. 10 People Earn 54% of the Village’s Total Income

  10. 70 of Us are Hungry Every Day Some of Us are Not

  11. One Year in Our Village • 3,000 people died at the World Trade Center in New York (2001) • 300,000 people died from a tsunami in the Indian Ocean (2004) • 11 million children died from starvation (every year)

  12. World Population 6.7 Billion

  13. Access to Financial Services by Annual Income Full Access- 100 Million Some Access -1.7 Billion Maybe Banked Unbanked Destitute

  14. Microfinance - Introduction Evolution of the Market With $27 and 42 Families

  15. Financing Options - Microfinance Charitable contribution: The individual donates to a non-profit microfinance organization and then claims a tax deduction, which reduces the net cost of the donation. Socially Responsible Investment (SRI): An investment, usually in the form of a loan, is made in a fund or other investment vehicle which, in turn, makes loans to overseas microfinance institutions. Typically, the loan has a term of three years and includes a fixed interest rate that is almost always below the rate on standard marketplace investments. Guarantee Risk Pool Model : A pledge of collateral assets and/or a personal guarantee secures a line of credit which, in turn, is used to make loans to overseas microfinance institutions. In the event of an overseas financial loss, for at least an 18 month period a Guarantor has promised to bear the tax-deductible loss on an equitable, pro rata basis with all other Guarantors. Guarantors maintain complete control of their assets, and therefore receive all investment returns from their portfolios.

  16. Microfinance - Growth Who are the Funders?

  17. Microfinance - Why is Repayment High? Many Reasons

  18. Microfinance – Number of Borrowers How Many Are Borrowing?

  19. Microfinance – Growth Phase How Many More Can Borrow? 3.5 – 4 Billion People

  20. What is the Relationship between Poverty and Microfinance? Access to financial services Increase & diversify incomes Build assets Mitigate risk Plan for the future Make choices Increase food consumption Invest in education & health Invest in housing, water, sanitation

  21. Microfinance - Growth $25 Billion Industry

  22. The Microcredit Guarantor Enterprises Model

  23. The Microcredit Enterprises Model Guarantors ($1 million units)

  24. The Microcredit Enterprises Model Lender/Bank Line of Credit 4% - 5% Interest Guarantors ($1 million units)

  25. The Microcredit Enterprises Model Lender/Bank Line of Credit 4% - 5% Interest Microfinance Institution (MFI) 8% - 10% Interest Guarantors ($1 million units)

  26. The Microcredit Enterprises Model Lender/Bank Line of Credit 25% - 35% Interest 4% - 5% Interest Microfinance Institution (MFI) 8% - 10% Interest 25% - 35% Interest Guarantors ($1 million units)

  27. The Microcredit Enterprises Impact

  28. Microfinance - Challenges A Few…..

  29. Microfinance – Self Regulation What Can Be Done?….. Stay

  30. Microfinance – Self Regulation What Has Been Done?…..

  31. Microfinance - Silver Lining • Relatively Reliable Business • Could continue to attract socially responsible investors looking to diversify • Credit Crunch Could Slow Down the Pace of Growth Allowing MFIs to Focus On: • Back to the Basics • Borrower Protection • Transparency • Governance

  32. Microfinance - Summary“Character Not Collateral” • It Has Made a Difference • It is not the Answer to Solving Poverty • Attempts at Self Regulation and Transparency Should Maintain Strong Industry Metrics • Minimize Predatory Lending • Provide More Funding of Second and Third Tier MFIs

  33. If You Keep Your Food in a Refrigerator Your Clothes in a Closet Have a Roof Over Your Head Bed to Sleep In You are richer than 75% of the world’s population.You are richer than 75% of the world’s population. There is an Opportunity Cost

  34. What Can You Do? • Become a Guarantor • Donate to the Permanent Fund to Alleviate Extreme Poverty • Invest in an Interest-Bearing Note • Educate Your Community

  35. For Your Attention…….