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Liberal Reforms in Great Britain 1800’s and 1900’s PowerPoint Presentation
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Liberal Reforms in Great Britain 1800’s and 1900’s

Liberal Reforms in Great Britain 1800’s and 1900’s

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Liberal Reforms in Great Britain 1800’s and 1900’s

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  1. Liberal Reforms in Great Britain1800’s and 1900’s Chapter 15 Section 1

  2. I.) Background of the times • Industrial Revolution brought wealth & power to Great Britain Result: created economic & social inequality B. Ideas of “Liberalism” influence politics & leads to reforms Liberalism: support of government protection of individual rights and civil liberties

  3. II.) Problems & Reforms • Parliament was “real” ruler of Great Britain (Glorious Revolution of 1688) Problems: only men who owned property could vote only wealthy landowner elected to House of Commons representative districts do not reflect population change

  4. British Political Parties: 1. Liberal Party (Whigs)= reformers; represented interests of workers 2. Conservative Party (Tory)= represented wealthy landowners

  5. Early Reforms: • Reform Bill of 1832 • Factory Act of 1833 • Slavery abolished in 1833 • Corn Laws repealed in 1846

  6. III.) Chartist Movement • Workingman’s Associationfounded by William Lovett in 1836 B. Reforms suggested in the People’s Charter: 1. universal manhood suffrage 2. electoral districts redrawn 3. salaries for parliament (workers can join)

  7. “The Victorian Era was so called because of the reign of Queen Victoria who was ruler over the United Kingdom of Great Britain. Her reign was the longest in the history of the United Kingdom and lasted between the years June 1837 and January 1901. Thus the years 1840-1900 became known as the Victorian Era.” IV.)

  8. Queen Victoria gave her prime ministers power over govt. & didn’t interfere often B. Benjamin Disraeli: Conservative party 2 term prime minister ; focused in on foreign affairs 1. gained Suez Canal in Egypt 2. gained India as colony

  9. William Gladstone: Liberal party 2 term prime minister; focused on domestic & financial affairs Reforms under Gladstone: 1. Education Act of 1870 2. Secret Ballot adopted in 1872 3. Reform Bill of 1884 4. Urged “home rule” for Ireland

  10. V.) Reforms of the early1900’s • Fabian Society formed in 1884 1. aim to improve society (socialist/education ideas) 2. 1906 Labour Party created (upset at Liberals/Conservatives) • Herbert Asquith: Liberal who becomes prime minister in 1905 and passes social welfare laws 1. Pension law 2. Health Insurance Law *Raised Taxes 3. Unemployment Insurance to pay for these 4. Parliament Act of 1911: House of Lords veto power removed 5. 1911 Law gave House of Commons yearly salary 6. Suffragettes: women who campaign for their right to vote