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Exercise Science. Emergency Procedures. Emergency Procedures. A personal trainer MUST have a well thought out plan as a result of an Emergency. No matter how much you plan or prepare an Emergency can happen. Emergencies can take on many forms… Life Threatening Basic First Aid Hydration
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Exercise Science Emergency Procedures
Emergency Procedures • A personal trainer MUST have a well thought out plan as a result of an Emergency. • No matter how much you plan or prepare an Emergency can happen. • Emergencies can take on many forms… • Life Threatening • Basic First Aid • Hydration • Etc… • Must attempt to foresee potential emergencies and have a protocol in place
Emergency Procedures • A Personal Trainer Must… • Know how to access Emergency Medical System (EMS) • Be Certified in Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) • Have a working knowledge of First Aid(Instructor feels a certification should be mandatory) • Have a First Aid Kit readily available, Know what is in side, Know how to use the supplies that are inside • Airway Management • Wound Management • Assessing Circulation • Sprains or Fractures
Emergency Procedures • Assessing an Emergency • Check • Call • Care
Emergency Procedures • Accessing an Emergency • Check • The Situation • The Environment • The Nature of the Injury • Develop a Plan
Emergency Procedures • Primary Assessment(if unconscious) • Breathing • Heart Beating • Bleeding • Miscellaneous… • Secondary Assessment(if conscious) • Assess general appearance (including skin color and condition • Start assessment at the head and work downward (unless it is a child, reverse) • Assess vital signs (HR, Blood Pressure, Respiratory rate)
Emergency Procedures • Assessing an Emergency • Call – With all of the information you have gathered from you initial “Check”… Personal Trainers should next, Call… Typically accessing EMS.
Emergency Procedures • Accessing EMS • How • Information Given • Your Name • Location of emergency • Telephone # • Gender of Injured party • Approx Age • Nature of situation • Medical history (if available) • Care that have be given • Information Received • When help will arrive • Assistance in what type of care can/should be given • Keep you calm
Emergency Procedures • Assessing an Emergency • Care • Personal Trainers after Checking the scene and situation, then Calling EMS…The Next Step is to Provide the necessary Care.
Emergency Procedures • Common Medical Emergencies • Dyspnea • Chest Pain • Syncope • Insulin Reacton • Heat Illnesses • Cramping • Exhaustion • Stroke • Seizures • Grand Mal – Aura, Tonic, Clonic, Postictal
Emergency Procedures • Common Medical Emergencies • Soft Tissue Wounds • Abrasions • Incisions • Lacerations • Punctures • Avulsions
Emergency Procedures • Common Medical Emergencies • Bleeding (control) • Direct Pressure • Elevation • Pressure Point • Treat for shock
Emergency Procedures • Common Medical Emergencies • Closed Wounds • Internal Bleeding • Bruises • Ice • Access EMS • Treat for Shock • Head Injuries • Neck and Back Injuries • Protection Against Bloodborne Pathogens