Wine & RKR Wine List Introduction to Wine
White Grapes There are 50 major white grapes grown in the world today, 24 in California alone. The three most important grapes are listed here, ranked by texture from lightest to most full-bodied. European wines will usually be identified by their appellation; elsewhere wines will be identified by varietal. Grapes Where they grow best • Riesling Germany; Alsace, France; New York State • Sauvignon Blanc Loire Valley, France; Bordeaux, France; New Zealand; California (Fumé Blanc) • Chardonnay Burgundy, France; California; Australia; Champagne, France Other significant white wine grapes, listed alphabetically:Grapes Where they grow best • Albariño Spain • Chenin Blanc Loire Valley, France; California; • Gewürztraminer Alsace, France • Pinot Grigio/Gris Italy, Alsace, France • Sémillon Bordeaux (Sauternes), France; Australia • Viognier Rhone, France; California
WINE Definition: “Wine is the alcoholic beverage obtained from the fermentation of the juice of freshly gathered grapes, the fermentation taking place in the district of origin according to local tradition and practice”
FERMENTATION • A chemical process by which sugar is converted into alcohol Natural sugar from Carbon dioxide gas the grape pulp given off Yeast occurs on the skin of the grape SUGAR + YEAST = ALCOHOL + CO2
Types of Wine • Table or Still Wines • Sparkling Wines - second fermentation • Fortified or Aromatized Wines - brandy added
Wine - Vintage • Year the grapes were picked • Some years are better • Great vintages don’t mean all great wines • Champagne and Port - vintages in exceptional years only • Vintage is replaced once previous vintage is sold out • Each vintage is different
Wine Labels • Vintage -Year the grapes were picked • Type of wine or name of wine • Region - appellation • Producer • U.S. requires alcohol content, sparkling or still, warning label
Wine Tasting • Color/Clarity • Body - “legs” • Aroma - Bouquet • Taste - Sweet, Sour, Bitter or Salty
Wine Storage • Dark, well ventilated, and insulated • Temperature controlled - constant 55- 60ºF • No movement • Store horizontally, label up, bin number
Wine Serving Aids • Waiter’s tool, captain’s knife, bar key (church key) • “Ah – So” • Wine baskets - red wine • Wine buckets - lower or maintain temperature • 3/4 full - 1 part water to 2 part ice • Is this bottle chilled to your liking? • Glassware - • Saucer shaped sparkling - Marie Antoinette vs. Flute • White wine - 1/2 full • Red wine 1/3 full
Wine Information Available for Staff • Bin # • Phonetic Spelling • Year • Bottle Size • Price • Type • Origin • Serving Temperature • Characteristics of wine • Food pairing
Food & Wine • Whatever the guest desires • Traditional • Red wines with red meats • White wines with fish or fowl Chateau Collins 1997
Sommelier/Wine Steward • Selects wines for wine list; • Maintains wine inventory; • Responsible for storage, handling, and conditions of wine cellar; • Wine consultant to guests
Wine-serving Temperatures • White and Rosé wines chilled to 45-55 °F (7-13°C) • Sparkling wines 45 °F (7°C) • Most Red wines served 60-65 °F (16-19°C) • Very good Red wines 70 °F (21 °C)
Wine Service • Taking the order • Collecting the wine • Showing the bottle • Opening the bottle • Letting host taste • Serve wine • Top up glasses
Serving Size Guidelines 1/2 Bottle - 2 people Split - 1. 5 glasses Bottle - 2 to 6 people Magnum (2 bottles) 7 to 12 people Corkage Serving (from the right) White before Red Decanting Red Different Glasses for each wine Bring new before taking old glass Wine Service
Wine Training & Tasting Benefits • Increases wine sales • Gives servers confidence in making wine suggestions • More opportunities for suggesting substituted
Wine List • A sales tool that can generate revenue • List should be attractive, informative, easy to use • Organize in various ways: according to uses, dryness, sweetness, body, country etc. • Include appealing descriptions; Relate wine to food
Champagne & Sparkling Styles • Some Champagnes & Sparkling wines are bone dry, while others are off-dry and still others are sweet. The level of sweetness depends on the last step before the cork, dosage. • Extra Brut or Brut Natural – Bone dry - the driest of the dry • Brut – Dry. This is the typical style of Champagne, with no sweetness • Sec – Still very dry but with a hint of sweetness. • Demi-sec - While the definition is half dry, think of it as half sweet. This wine will be fairly sweet. • Doux – also known as rich, this wine is the sweetest you can get in Champagne –over 5% sugar. It's a dessert in itself and very rare.
Sparkling Wines & Champagne • Sparkling wines are enjoyed around the world for their festive addition to a meal or celebration. • Enjoy sparkling wines with salads, seafood, desserts, or alone as an aperitif.
Sparkling Wines & Champagne BIN 11 Schramsberg “Mirabelle” Brut nv 24 12 Schramsberg Blanc de Blancs, 01, Napa Valley, 375ml 24 13 Roederer Estate Brut, Anderson Valley, Estate Bottled 30 • Roederer Estate Brut Rose, Anderson Valley, Estate Bottled 33 15 Piper-Heidsieck Brut Champagne, France 42 16 Borgo Magredo Prosecco NV, Italy 20 17 Maschio Prosecco Brut NV, Italy 18
Rosé Wine(row-ZAY) • A Rose by Any Other NameTechnically, a rosé is an "unfinished red wine," but the term seems so- secondary. • Rosé is a different sort of wine, with all the refreshing qualities of a white wine mixed with some characteristics of a red. • It can be made from many different grape varietals and in many different regions, the most popular and successful being Southern France, Spain, California & Italy.
Rosé WineSumming it up • Successful Sites: Southern France, Spain, Italy, California • Common Descriptors: strawberry, raspberry
Rosé Wines • Rosé wines can be a pleasant alternative to a meal. They are refreshing, crisp and cold and compliment the acidity in salad dressings. Rosé wines also work well with rich, grilled and smoky foods. Great for easy sipping and hot weather! BIN • Beringer White Zinfandel ‘05, California 12 • Rivera Rose, ’05 Castel del Monte, Apulia Italy 25 • La Vieille Ferme, 06, Côtes Du Ventoux, France 15 • Hart Syrah Rose ‘05, Temecula Valley 20
Chardonnay (shar-dawn-AY) • White Wine’s Queen BeeLike Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay can grow just about anywhere. It adapts well to different soils and different climates. While frequently paired with California, its native home lies in the vineyards of Burgundy, France. The only white grape of the region, Chardonnay is at its best from rolling slopes in Bourgogne. Other popular Chardonnay sites include California (just about everywhere), Oregon, Washington, Other US, Australia, South Africa, South America and New Zealand.
Chardonnay • Depending on climate conditions and the amount of wood aging, Chardonnay wines range from crisp and citrusy to buttery, rich and toasty. Chardonnay compliments shellfish, chicken and cheese dishes. • Wines are listed in descending order from no oak to heavy oak flavors.
Chardonnay BIN • Sterling “Vintner’s Collection ‘05, Central Coast 21 • Alamos 06, Mendoza, Argentina 20 35 Dog Point Vineyard ‘02, Marlborough, New Zealand 37 38 Cambria ‘03, Santa Maria Valley, Katherine’s Vineyard 26 39 Chalone Vineyard, ‘01, Chalone AVA, Estate Bottled 35 40 Dehlinger ‘00, Russian River Valley, Estate Bottled 36 41 Domaine Alfred Chardonnay, ‘03 Edna Valley 34 42 Patz & Hall, Durrell Vineyard ‘02, Sonoma Valley 45 43 Patz & Hall, Dutton Ranch ‘02, Russian River Valley 42
Sauvignon Blanc (so-veen-YAWN blahnk) • One of the most distinctive grapes, Sauvignon Blanc is a highly aromatic variety that does well in both the old and new world. From the Loire Valley of France to Marlborough in New Zealand, Sauvignon Blanc has found many regions that bring out its unique and delicious flavors.
Sauvignon Blanc Summing it up Successful Sites: • Loire Valley, New Zealand, California, Chile, Italy Common Descriptors: • grass, lemon, grapefruit, passion fruit.
Sauvignon Blancwith Food • Sauvignon Blanc is one of the worlds most distinctive and popular dry white wines. They range from very bright and tart, to rich, smooth and toasty. • Try Sauvignon Blanc with seafood, shellfish, chicken, and pasta dishes
Sauvignon Blanc BIN 50 Château Reynier Entre-Deux-Mers ’03, France 20 51 Pascal Jolivet ‘03, Sancerre, France 28 52 Brander ‘04/‘05, Santa Ynez Valley 23 • Brancott Vineyards Reserve ‘03, Marlborough, New Zealand 28 55 Dog Point Vineyard “Section 94” ‘04, Marlborough, New Zealand 37 57 Robert Mondavi, ‘03, Fumé Blanc, Napa Valley 21 58 Spottswoode ‘03, Napa Valley 42 59 Lail Vineyards Georgia ‘02, Napa Valley 57
RieslingSumming it up • Successful Sites:Germany, Alsace, Austria, Australia, New Zealand, Washington State, California, New York State • Common Descriptors:steely, peach, mineral, floral, petrol, orange blossom, citrus
Gewürztraminer Summing it up Successful Sites: • Alsace, Germany Common Descriptors: • lychee nut, floral, perfume • Other than lychee, typical descriptors of Gewürztraminer are roses and perfume. It’s blend of fruits and acid make it a perfect match for spicy food like Indian and Thai.
Riesling & Gewürztraminer • Both Riesling and Gewürztraminer pair well with many types of food. Particularly, chicken, seafood, cheese, and spicy foods! Think Asian cuisine. • The wines are listed in descending order, from lightest to most full bodied.
Riesling & Gewürztraminer BIN 70 Bonny Doon Pacific-Rim Riesling 05, Santa Cruz 18 71 Dr. Loosen Bernkasteler Lay Riesling Kabinett, 05, Germany 33 72 Ch. Ste. Michelle Eroica, Riesling 05, Columbia Valley 33 73 Fess Parker White Riesling 05, Santa Barbara County 21 74 Chehalem “Reserve” Dry Riesling 05, Willamette Valley 26 75 Domaines Schlumberger Grand Cru Riesling 04, Alsace, France 33 76 Navarro Vineyards Gewürztraminer 02/05, Anderson Valley 24 77 Zind Humbrecht Gewürztraminer 01, Alsace, France 50
Other White Wines • Wines in this section are great for wine and food pairings! They offer a change from Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc. • All work well with salads, seafood, shellfish, chicken, and pasta dishes.
Other White Wines 80 Albarino, 06 Martin Codax, RiasBaixas, Spain 20 81 Champalou, 05 Vouvray, France 25 82 PazoSenoransAlbarino, 05 Rias Baixas, Spain 31 83 Planeta La SegretaBianco, 05 Sicilia, Italy 16 84 VignaltaSirioMoscato del Veneto, 05, Italy 22 85 Casal di Serra, 05 Verdicchio dei Chastelli di Jesi, Italy 18 86 Vignalta Agno CastoColliEuganei Pinot Bianco, 04, Italy 27 87 La Famiglia Pinot Grigio, 03, California 20 88 WillaKenzie Estate Pinot Gris, 03, Willamette Valley 26 89 Hugel Tokay Pinot Gris, 00 Alsace, France 25 90 Caparoso Pinot Gris, 02, Baden, Germany 21 91 CastelloBanfi San Angelo Pinot Grigio, Toscana 25 92 TriennesViognier, Sainte Fleur, 05, France 27 93 BridlewoodViognier, 05, Reserve, Estate Bottled 30 94 VigneRegaliPrincipessaPerlate, 06, Italy 23
Red Wines Red Wines
Red Grape Varietals • There are about 40 important red grape varietals grown in the world today. The major ones are listed below. • Generally speaking, as you go down the list the grapes will go from light to full-bodied in texture; low to high in tannin level; lighter to deeper in color (which generally corresponds to perceived acidity); younger to older in ageability. • In truth the redness of a wine depends on contact with the skin of the grapes: separate the grape from its skin soon enough after picking and you can make a very white red. For example, most wines made in Champagne are white wines made with a significant proportion of red grapes.
Red Grape Varietals European wines will usually be identified by their appellation; elsewhere wines will be identified by varietal. Grapes Where they grow best Gamay Beaujolais, France Pinot Noir Burgundy, France; California; Oregon; Champagne, France Tempranillo Rioja, Spain Sangiovese Tuscany, Italy Merlot Bordeaux, France; California; Washington State Zinfandel California Cabernet Sauvignon Bordeaux, France; California; Chile Nebbiolo Piedmont, Italy Syrah/Shiraz Rhone, France; Australia
Barbera • Successful Sites: Northern Italy, Other Italy, Some California • Common Descriptors: juicy, cherry, blackberry, chocolate
Barbera& Food • Barbera produces wines that are deep purple in color, high in acidity and dry in finish. These wines are enjoyed best while young and bright! • Enjoy with cheese dishes, seafood and grilled meats.
Barbera BIN 101 Eberle ‘02, Paso Robles 28 102 Contratto Solus Ad ‘98, Barbera D’Asti, Italy 36 801 Contratto Solus Ad ‘97 Barbera D’Asti , Italy magnum 75 103 Vietti Tre Vigne ‘02, Barbera D’Asti , Italy 29 104 Pio Cesare ‘04, Barbera d’ Alba , Italy 27
Sangiovese • Successful Sites:Tuscany • Common Descriptors: tart cherry, red raspberries, olives, plum, spice
Sangiovese& Food • Sangiovese produces Italy’s most recognized red wine, Chianti. • The wines are usually very dry, earthy and high in acidity. • Try Sangiovese based wines with seafood dishes, poultry, and grilled meats.
Sangiovese BIN 111 Seghesio 01, Alexander Valley 30 112 Falchini Chianti Colli Senesi, 05, Italy 20 113 Vignamaggio Chianti Classico 01, Italy 32 114 Selvapiana, Chianti Rufina 99 Riserva “Vigneto Bucerchiale”, Italy 48 115 Rosso Di Montalcino, Castello Banfi 01, Italy 34 116 Brunello Di Montalcino, Castello Banfi 98, Italy 67 117 Collepino 06, Toscana 17 118 Centine 06, Toscana 20 119 Castello Banfi Cum Laude, Sant’ Antimo 04, Italy 51
Pinot Noir(PEE-noh nwahr) • Just as Merlot was pooh-poohed by Miles in Sideways, Pinot Noir was worshiped in its glorious difficulty. • Pinot Noir is a finicky grape. It only grows in the right climate, with the right soils and the right care. Perhaps because it is so difficult is why it is so loved. Pinot Noir’s home and the classic wines from the grape hail from Burgundy. Pinot is the only grape allowed for AOC wines of the region. Pinot Noir mutates easily and so there are many different clones floating around in each wine region.
Pinot NoirFood & Order Listed • Pinot Noir is the red grape of Burgundy. • It is well represented in the United States by California and Oregon. At its best, Pinot Noir can range from strawberry-scented, to plumy and earthy. • Rich stews, lamb, and roasted poultry dishes are great matches for Pinot Noir. • The wines are listed from lightest to full-bodied in descending order.
Pinot Noir BIN 121 Aquinas 06, Napa Valley 20 122 Melville 03, Santa Rita Hills, Estate Bottled 36 123 Domaine Serene “Evenstad Reserve 04, Oregon 47 124 Dehlinger 00, Russian River Valley, Estate Bottled 53 125 Robert Mondavi 06, Carneros 28 126 Morgan “12 Clones” 04 33 127 Dog Point Vineyard, 03, Marlborough, New Zealand 45 128 Hitching Post 02/05, Santa Rita Earth 40 129 Domaine Alfred “Califa” 02, Edna Valley 49