SIMULATION LAB Making Us Better One Student at a Time. Alexandra C. Snyder, B.S. Division of Cardiovascular Perfusion Medical University of South Carolina November 9, 2011. Disclosures. I have nothing to disclose I have no relationship with commercial supporters. Objectives.
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SIMULATION LABMaking Us Better One Student at a Time Alexandra C. Snyder, B.S. Division of Cardiovascular Perfusion Medical University of South Carolina November 9, 2011
Disclosures • I have nothing to disclose • I have no relationship with commercial supporters
Objectives • To examine the use of simulation in other industries • To examine the current role of simulation in perfusion • To discuss the advantages of training students using simulation • To consider what the future possibilities of perfusion simulation may be • To present students’ perspectives of simulation in their perfusion education
Simulation in Other Professions • Routinely used in aviation, the nuclear industry, NASA & in many medical specialties • Initial qualifications and beginning training • Ongoing training and assessment/certification process • Remedial training • Add-on training for new techniques and skills
Simulation in Perfusion • No high-stakes assessment of competency using simulation is required by the ABCP for certification, re-certification, or professional development • Used primarily by perfusion schools and for research • Investigation of human factors • Few high-fidelity Orpheus perfusion simulators available worldwide* *ULCO Technologies, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Traditional Perfusion Training • Basic science background • Academic instruction with some lab sessions and hands-on experience • Clinical training as an apprenticeship process under supervision of an instructor • “see one, do one, teach one”
Orpheus Perfusion Simulator (Sim- Central Pty Ltd, Earlwood, New South Wales, Australia)
Orpheus Perfusion Simulator “The easy to use, intuitive software allows the Perfusionist Trainer to control the simulator and execute the training session manually, or use a set of predefined scripts” http://www.ulcotechnologies.com/products/orpheus/orpheus.pdf “The fidelity of the physiologic monitoring is so realistic that our students will not be simulating bypass, they will be doing bypass on a simulated patient” -Bruce Searles
Simulation-Based Curriculum • Initial skill development • Skill Refinement • Performance Assessment • Emergency Procedures SUNY Upstate’s Simulation Lab
Benefits of Simulation Training • Improved performance of individuals • Long-term maintenance of proficiency • Provides a real-time, safe setting without harming patients • Instructors can devise training scenarios that will test certain skills (“trigger events”) • Coaching and Debriefing • Improved patient safety
Sim Lab vs. Operating Room Sim Lab Operating Room *Student-focused *Patient-focused -No room for mistakes *Reinforces lectures *Determined by random case for the day *Exposure to low volume, high- *Experience determined risk events frequently by cases *Can demonstrate corrective *No re-dos action *Unlimited experience *Limited case load *Clinical variety *Experience based on rotation and surgeon
Future Applications • Human factors training • Interprofessional education • CPB for MDs • Continuing medical education • Simulation-based competency test • Recertification (Re-CCP) • Rehearse new procedures & devices • Product development • Patient Safety Research
Barriers to Simulation in Perfusion • Limited number of high fidelity perfusion simulation centers • Lack of validated & standardized evaluation instruments • Lack of trained simulation facilitators • Lack of agreed standards for simulation-based education • Lack of simulators used for training in pediatric perfusion
The Student Perspective Fernandez A. Simulation in perfusion: where do we go from here?. Perfusion. 2010;25(1):17-20.
The Student Perspective • Thought simulation was beneficial prior to doing clinical work • Thought that the simulator was a good alternative to doing a clinical case • Thought that simulation should be used from the first day of class through graduation • Want more simulation!
Conclusions • Simulation is commonly used to train professionals in equally risky industries to improve critical skills and patient safety • Implementation of simulation into perfusion training is currently in its infancy, but is proving worthwhile • This modality has been used in the academic setting to develop basic perfusion skills, gain experience, and practice emergency procedures • There is a role for simulation in the future of perfusion beyond academics • Student opinion supports full integration of simulation training into their perfusion education
Acknowledgements • Ashley Hodge, MBA, BS, FPP, CPP • Joseph J. Sistino, CCP, MS, MPA • Adam Fernandez, MPS, CCP • Nicole Michaud, MSP, CCP • Medical University of South Carolina • Division of Cardiovascular Perfusion • The American Society of Extracorporeal Technology
References • Fernandez A. Simulation in perfusion: where do we go from here?. Perfusion. 2010;25(1):17-20. • Issenberg SB, McGaghie WC, Hart IR, et al. Simulation technology for health care professional skills training and assessment. JAMA. 1999;282(9):861-866. • Ray RN. Simulation: its application in the nuclear power industry. Proc Indian Acad Sci C1(4):345-59. • Gaba DM. The future vision of simulation in health care. Qual Saf Health Care. 2004;13(Suppl 1):i2-i10. • Sorensen B, Crane P. Cardiopulmonary bypass simulation training adapted from air force flight simulation. • Sistino JJ, Michaud NM, Sievert AN, Shackelford AG. Incorporating high fidelity simulation into perfusion education. Perfusion. 2011;26(5):390-394. • SUNY Upstate Medical University. "Upstate Leads Internationally in Perfusion Simulation Training." SUNY Upstate Medical University. Web. 01 Nov. 2011. <http://www.upstate.edu/chpalumni/>.
References • Darling E, Searles B. Oxygenator change-out times: the value of a written protocol and simulation exercises. Perfusion. 2010;25(3):141-143. • Palanzo DA. Perfusion safety: defining the problem. Perfusion. 2005;20(4):195-203. • Morris RW, Pybus DA. “Orpheus” cardiopulmonary bypass simulation system. J Extra Corpor Technol. 2007;39(4):228-233. • Ninomiya S, Tokaji M, Tokumine A, Kurosaki T. Virtual patient simulator for the perfusion resource management drill. J Extra Corpor Technol. 2009;41(4):206-212. • Ninomiya S, Tokumine A, Yasuda T, Tomizawa Y. Development of an educational simulator system, ECCSIM-Lite, for the acquisition of basic perfusion techniques and evaluation. J Artif Organs. 2007;10(4):201-205. • Merry A. Human factors and the cardiac surgical team: a role for simulation. J Extra Corpor Technol. 2007;39:264-266. • Turkman A, Rosinki D, Noyes N. A simulator for perfusion training. Perfusion. 2007;22:397-400