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Thinking skills

Thinking skills. January 2007. Thinking skills. What is ‘thinking’?. Thinking skills. Information processing Reasoning Enquiry Creative thinking Evaluation . Types of thinking . Critical Creative. Critical thinking .

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Thinking skills

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  1. Thinking skills January 2007

  2. Thinking skills • What is ‘thinking’?

  3. Thinking skills • Information processing • Reasoning • Enquiry • Creative thinking • Evaluation

  4. Types of thinking • Critical • Creative

  5. Critical thinking ‘Critical thinking is reasonable, reflective thinking that is focused on deciding what to do or believe.’ Robert Ennis

  6. Creative thinking • Help students’ minds do new things • Help them to be creative, inventive and to discover new things • Develop humour, wonder and imagination

  7. Tools for effective thinking • Background knowledge • Critical concepts and vocabulary • Criteria for judgement • Strategies • Habits of mind • Thinking skills include information processing, enquiry, reasoning, creativity, evaluating Sharon Bailin Simon Fraser University, USA

  8. Developing thinking • Shared thinking sessions • Listening and questioning • Considering and weighing up evidence and exploring alternatives • Best done through public discussion and collaborative work • Teacher models thinking

  9. Six ingredients for the thinking classroom • Appropriate climate for thinking • Immersion in language • Deliberate pacing • Active experience • Community of thinkers • Reflection

  10. Developing thinking skills • Classifying, selecting and sorting objects, ideas and concepts • Development of organising and memorising skills • Mind maps, aide memoirs, signs, symbols and information grouping • Expose students to extended work and so allow thinking skill development

  11. Developing thinking skills • Decision making • Defining the situation • Stating the goal • Generating ideas • Preparing a plan • Investigating alternatives • Taking action • Compare and contrast situations and alternatives

  12. Developing thinking skills • Raise students’ awareness of how they think • Involve tasks centred around • Creative thinking • Lateral thinking • Research • Problem finding • Problem solving • Discussions • Debate

  13. Further resources www.londongt.org/etasc

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