Direkte en indirekte rede - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Direkte en indirekte rede

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  1. Direkte en indirekte rede • Changing sentences to Indirect and Direct Speech, and back again...

  2. 1st Person Pronouns Quotation Marks Introductory Verb Direkte Rede (Direct Speech) Difference between Direct and indirect Ek is moeg Important aspects Die man sê: “ Ek is moeg ”

  3. 3rd Person Pronouns NO Quotation Marks Add “dat” (that) - a Group 3 Conjunction Die man sê dat hy moeg is. Indirekte Rede (Indirect Speech) Introductory Verb Telling someone else what a person said... DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DIRECT AND INDIRECT Ek is moeg Important aspects Die man sê dat hy moeg is

  4. Changing from direct to indirect... • The easiest way to change sentences into Indirect speech, is to follow a few simplesteps: • Identifypronouns that must change from 1st to 3rd person. • Identify Verb 1 in the quoted section • Rewrite into Indirect by: • Adding “dat” to the introductory verb • Changing 1st person to 3rd person pronouns • Moving verb 1 to the END of the sentence • Remember to remove the quotation marks

  5. 1st 3rd Ek ry ‘n nuwe kar Let’s apply the steps... Direkte Rede (Direct Speech): Die man sê “Ek ry ‘n nuwe kar” ek hy Step 1: Identify Pronouns that must change ry Step 2: Identify Verb 1 in the quoted part Step 3: Add ‘dat’ to introductory verb. Remember ‘dat’ = Group 3 VW, so Verb 1 goes to the END of S2 Step 4: Remove quotation marks Indirekte Rede (Indirect Speech): “ “ Die man sê dat Ek hy ry ‘n nuwe kar

  6. How is this tested in an exam? • The question will give you a DIRECT SPEECH sentence and ask you to change it into INDIRECT SPEECH. • For example: Instruction: Write into INDIRECT SPEECH Skryf die volgende in die indirekte rede. Die vrou sê: “Ek het laas week die werk voltooi.” Start your answer with the Intro Verb and add the ‘dat’ This is the quoted section that you must change

  7. Changing from indirect to direct... • If you can change something into Indirect speech, you should be able to change it back to Direct speech. Do the following: • Identifypronouns that must change from 3rd BACK to 1st person. • Rewrite into Direct by: • REMOVING “dat” from the introductory verb • Move Verb 1 back to Position 2 (After the Subject) • Removing the quotation marks

  8. 1st 3rd Hy sê dat hulle die werk gedoen het. Let’s apply the steps... Indirekte Rede (Indirect Speech): Hy sê dat hulle die werk gedoen het. hulle ons Step 1: Identify Pronouns that must change het Step 2: Identify Verb 1: Step 3: Remove ‘dat’ from introductory verb. Remember By removing ‘dat’ you need to put V1 back where it should be! Step 4: Add quotation marks Direkte Rede (Direct Speech): “ hulle “ Ons Hy sê dat die werk gedoen het

  9. How is this tested in an exam? • The question will give you a INDIRECT SPEECH sentence and ask you to change it into DIRECT SPEECH. • For example: Instruction: Write into DIRECT SPEECH Skryf die volgende in die Direkte rede. Die vrou sê dat hy laas week die werk voltooi het. Start your answer with the Intro Verb and remove the ‘dat’ This is the quoted section that you must change

  10. Changing questions from direct to indirect... • There are 2 types of quetions: • Type 1: Questions that use the VERB 1 as the question word • Eg: Die man vra: ”Het jy die werk voltooi?” • Type 2: Questions that START with Question Words • Eg: Die man vra: ”Wanneer voltooi jy die werk?” • Each type has the same basic set of rules to apply, but with one exception: • Add “of” to the introductory verb if question starts with a VERB 1 such as “het” or “is”, “kan”, “was” etc. • DONT add “of” if the question starts with a question word

  11. 1st 3rd Het jy ‘n nuwe kar Let’s apply the steps to questions startinhg with VERb1 used as question word... Direkte Rede (Direct Speech): Die man vra “Het jy ‘n nuwe kar” jy hy Step 1: Identify Pronouns that must change Het Step 2: Identify Verb 1 in the quoted part Step 3: Add ‘of’ to introductory verb. Remember ‘of’ = Group 3 VW, so Verb 1 goes to the END of S2 Step 4: Remove quotation marks Indirekte Rede (Indirect Speech): “ “ hy Het Die man vra of ‘n nuwe kar jy het

  12. 1st 3rd Waar is jou nuwe kar? Let’s apply the steps to questions startinhg with question word... Direkte Rede (Direct Speech): Die man vra “Waar is jou nuwe kar” jou sy Step 1: Identify Pronouns that must change is Step 2: Identify Verb 1 in the quoted part Step 3: DONT add ‘of’ to introductory verb. Remember Although you don’t add “of”, you still apply the Group 3 rule Step 4: Remove quotation marks Indirekte Rede (Indirect Speech): “ “ Die man vra is nuwe kar jou sy Waar

  13. GOT IT?