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Installing and Upgrading Operating Systems

Installing and Upgrading Operating Systems

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Installing and Upgrading Operating Systems

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  1. Installing and Upgrading Operating Systems Guide to Operating Systems Third Edition

  2. Objectives After reading this chapter and completing the exercises you will be able to: • Understand the overall process of operating system installation and upgrading • Prepare for operating system installation and understand the factors involved in making the decision to upgrade Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  3. Objectives (continued) • Install and upgrade the following operating systems and understand the various options presented in: • Windows 2000 Server and Professional • Windows XP • Windows Server 2003 • NetWare 6.0 and 6.5 • Mac OS X Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  4. Objectives (continued) • Install Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3.0 and understand the basic differences between UNIX-type installation and those of other operating systems covered in this chapter • Review upgrading from one version to the next Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  5. Installing an Operating System • Varies from one OS to another • Certain features common to all installations • Installation involves: • Checking the computer - meets or exceeds the hardware and/or software requirements for the OS • Ensuring that all equipment is powered on and operating correctly Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  6. Installing an Operating System (continued) • Floppy disks or CDs on hand • Understanding the general features of the OS • Up-to-date device drivers • Pertinent information available about your computer and peripheral devices Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  7. Installing an Operating System (continued) • May need to provide: • Where to install the operating system • Type of installation • Information about you, your company, and your computer • Licensing information • Which components of the OS you want to install Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  8. Preparing for Installation • PC must be working correctly • Fix any defective hardware • Hardware turned on and ready for use • Information available about your hardware Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  9. Preparing for Installation (continued) • Obtain any special drivers • Many operating systems have minimum hardware requirements • Hardware compatibility list (HCL) • list that contains names and models for all hardware supported by the OS Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  10. Preparing for Installation (continued) • Enough time to complete OS installation Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  11. Upgrading an Operating System • General upgrade considerations • Backup and safety procedures • Specific steps to upgrade Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  12. Preparing for an Upgrade • Is upgrade necessary? • Information about system that may be needed during the upgrade • Make a complete backup of your current system and data before upgrading Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  13. Preparing for an Upgrade (continued) • Consider • whether you need to upgrade • whether the time is right to upgrade • Microsoft offers pre-releases in the form of alpha, beta, and release candidate (RC) Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  14. Preparing for an Upgrade (continued) • Production computer • computer used to perform real work • If unavailable would cause a loss of productivity • Check the computer against the requirements of the new OS Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  15. Preparing for an Upgrade (continued) • Keep records of custom software • Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) • rules on accessing databases • some databases may not be accessible when you upgrade Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  16. Making Backups Before Upgrades • Backup • copying files from a computer to another medium • important part of day-to-day computer operation • most operating systems have a backup utility Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  17. Making Backups Before Upgrades (continued) • Considerations when backing up your information: • close everything before starting a backup • have the software needed to restore the backups • actually make a full backup • new system is able to read your backup without problems Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  18. Conducting a Test Upgrade • Test an upgrade before you do it to a production computer • Upgrade test is to simulate what would happen in a real upgrade • Discover any problems that might occur Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  19. Conducting a Test Upgrade (continued) • Deal with any software issues that arise • Test the computer for a couple of days • Repeat the test installation process starting with a clean computer • all unnecessary software and hardware have been removed Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  20. Installing and Upgrading Windows 2000 • Several ways to install • CD-ROMs • over the network • in unattended mode Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  21. Hardware Requirements • You will need at least the hardware recommended in Table 4-4 Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  22. Installing Windows 2000 • Project 4-2 addresses how Windows 2000 Setup works • HAL • hardware abstraction layer • consisting of the code that talks directly to the computer’s hardware • Windows Update feature available Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  23. Upgrading to Windows 2000 • Upgrade from Windows 95/98: • PC meets the minimum system requirements • Obtain new drivers for the devices • Decide if you want to upgrade to NTFS from FAT16 or FAT32 • Password for the Administrator account Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  24. Upgrading to Windows 2000 (continued) • Obtain Windows 2000 drivers • Protocol of preference is TCP/IP • Use the steps on pages 190 and 191 to upgrade a Windows NT Server domain Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  25. Installing and Upgrading Windows XP • Windows XP stands for “experience” • Home and Professional versions • Professional version has more features Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  26. Hardware Requirements • It is important that your hardware is listed on the hardware compatibility list (HCL) for Windows XP Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  27. Installing Windows XP • Concept of activation • 30 days to activate your copy of Windows XP • either by phone or online • activation linked solely to the BIOS • Files and Settings Transfer Wizard Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  28. Upgrading to Windows XP • Upgrade from these operating systems: • Windows 98 • Windows Me • Windows NT • Windows 2000 Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  29. Upgrading to Windows XP (continued) • Insert the Windows XP CD-ROM • Wait for the Autorun program to automatically start the Setup program • Check system compatibility Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  30. Upgrading to Windows XP (continued) • Obtain product activation code from Microsoft’s Web site Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  31. Installing and Upgrading Windows Server 2003 • Windows Server 2003 is the next generation OS Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  32. Installing and Upgrading Windows Server 2003 (continued) • Products • Standard Edition • Enterprise Edition • Datacenter Edition • Web Edition • Small Business Server Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  33. Hardware Requirements Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  34. Installing Windows Server 2003 • Place CD-ROM in drive and turn on PC • Very similar to install Windows 2000 Server Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  35. Upgrading to Windows Server 2003 • Upgrade from Windows 2000 Server family to Windows Server 2003 • Before you upgrade • backup your system • hardware is compatible • meets hardware requirements • obtain any needed drivers Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  36. Upgrading to Windows Server 2003 (continued) • Obtain the product activation code from Microsoft Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  37. Installing and Upgrading UNIX: Linux • We will use red hat Enterprise Linux 3.0 • Other versions of UNIX are very similar Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  38. Installing Linux • You will get a set of CD-ROMs in the package Install Red Hat from a CD-ROM • Boot Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3.0 from the CD-ROM • 15 minutes to over one hour to install • You do not need to make partitions or format your disk ahead of time Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  39. Upgrading Linux • Based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3.0 • Upgrades from any version should work • Upgrade is similar to an installation Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  40. Installing and Upgrading NetWare 6.5 • Steps for NetWare 6.5 are very similar to those for NetWare 6.0 Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  41. Hardware Requirements Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  42. Installing NetWare 6.5 • Steps you through the process • Evaluation kits are available • Step-by-step instructions on the web site • very good documentation on the web site Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  43. Upgrading NetWare 6.5 • Upgrade from: • NetWare 4.2 with Support Pack 9 • NetWare 5.1 with Support Pack 6 • NetWare 6 with Support Pack 3 Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  44. Hardware Requirements Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  45. Installing Mac OS X • Install directly from the CD-ROM • Complete step-by-step instructions are given in project 4-5 Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  46. Installing Mac OS X (continued) • Double-click the Mac OS X icon • You will: • select a destination drive • read important information • agree to the software license Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  47. Installing Mac OS X (continued) • Installation takes from 6 minutes to over 45 minutes Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  48. Upgrading Mac OS • Three basic steps: • backup all data and configuration files • check the disk for errors • upgrade the hard disk drivers Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  49. Updating Operating Systems • Every vendor provides • bug fixes • security patches • interim upgrades Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition

  50. Windows Updates • First introduced in Windows 98 Guide to Operating Systems, Third Edition