“The Story of an Hour”by Kate Chopin Skills: annotation, close reading, writing a thesis
Annotation • Read the prompt: Write an essay in which you analyze how Kate Chopin, in “The Story of an Hour,” reveals Mrs. Mallard’s mental state.
Annotation 2. First reading: • Try to get a sense of Mrs. Mallard’s mental state. Does it change? How? Highlight individual word choices that contribute to our sense of her mental state. • Make marks on the text such as the following: yes you agree X you disagree + new concept/idea ! WOW ? don’t understand * important • Circle and define the following as Chopin uses them in the passage. Provide a one-word synonym to each. Write the synonym in the margin. veiled intelligence delicious repression tumultuously will (para. 14) riot
Close Reading 3. Second reading: • Using a second color of highlighter, mark any words that foreshadow the story’s ending. 4. In the space below, describe the irony of the ending. 5. How would you define the narrative point of view of “The Story of an Hour”? How does it affect our interpretation of the story? 6. Address the story’s ending. What is the possible meaning of the story’s last line? 7. Create a chart. In the left column, you will enter at least five words or phrases that contribute to the audience’s sense of Mrs. Mallard’s mental state. Include paragraph numbers for easy reference. In the right column, include your analysis of how those words/phrases give us an idea of her mental state. WORDS/PHRASES ANALYSIS “wept… with sudden, wild abandonment” Mrs. Mallard appears to be terribly upset about the death of her husband.
8.2 Paragraphs • Transition/Topic Sentence (1) • Two Quotes (2) • Explanation of Quotes (4; 2 per quote) • Paragraph mini-conclusion (tie directly to thesis) (1) Sentences Quotes
Thesis Statement Prompt: What techniques does Chopin use in The Story of an Hour to reveal Mrs. Mallard’s mental state? (think: word choice, irony, foreshadowing) • Thesis must be in 3-prong format. • Ex: Chopin helps the reader understand Mrs. Mallard’s mental state through the use of ______, ______, and ______. • No, it does not have to be worded that way, but it must follow that format.
Outline Essay • Topic Sentences and quotes. Example: • Introduction • Background on Story of an Hour • Thesis: Mrs. Mallard’s mental state… (write out whole thing) • Body Paragraph 1 (8.2) • Transition/topic Sentence: (write out sentence) • Quote- write quote • Explanation • Quote- write quote • Explanation • Mini-conclusion • Body Paragraph 2 (follow above format) • Body Paragraph 3 (follow above format) • Conclusion • Transition sentence • “Why I’m right” statement • Tie back to Thesis • Prompt: • What techniques does Chopin use in The Story of an Hour to reveal Mrs. Mallard’s mental state? • Thesis must be in 3-prong format. • Ex: Chopin helps the reader understand Mrs. Mallard’s mental state through the use of ______, ______, and ______. • No, it does not have to be worded that way, but it must follow that format.
Rhetorical Triangle Speaker Audience Purpose
Exigence Audience Purpose LOGOS Ethos Pathos Organization/Structure/Form Figurative Language Diction Syntax Imagery Rhetorical Framework
Exigence Audience Purpose LOGOS Ethos Pathos Organization/Structure/Form Figurative Language Diction Syntax Imagery Rhetorical Continuum What prompts the author to speak at that time? To whom is the author writing? How does the author appeal to the audience? What does the author want to happen? What does the author want the audience to believe or do? Does the author show his credibility – that he knows relevant info about the topic? Is he believable? Does the author offer a clear, reasonable central idea? Does he develop it with appropriate reasoning, examples, or details? Does the author draw on the emotions and interests of the audience so they will sympathize and buy into his central idea or argument? Descriptive language such as metaphor, simile, personification, symbol, etc. “word pictures” that appeal to senses Sentence structure Word choice